Babur was born on February 14, 1483, in the town Andejan situated in the Farghana Valley. He was sixth in the line of Amir Taimur’s descendent, while his mother belonged to the family of the Mongol, Changez Khan.
DR N S Rajaram is a noted writer, who has published several books on topics related to ancient Indian history and Indian archeology. He has always felt the presence of Eurocentric biased undercurrents in mainstream Indology and the way history is taken in Independent India. According to him, “Its creators were driven mainly by European colonial and Christian missionary interests.”
Further reference of the readers: ‘The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, Prince and Emperor’. Translated, edited and annotated by Wheeler M Thacktson, 1996. Oxford University Press: New York and London; 472 pages.
Even Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru has said that the greatness of Babur lay not in capturing India but in capturing the hearts of Indians.
Those who remember those stormy euphoric days before the destruction of Babri Masjid, they could still vividly recollect the funny provocative slogan- “Tel laga ke Dabur ka, nam mita do Babur Ka”. I don’t remember if the company that manufactures this oil raised any objection.
That is the tragedy of India today that people, who don’t have time to read history and have the guts to connect Dabur with Babur judge the larger-than-life characters like Babur for us. Instead of enjoying his many adventures and achievements of his short (47 years only) life, people are misled into one belief that he was a mere iconoclast. In fact, amongst the rulers of Central Asia and India, Babur was one of the most colourful personalities.
Western historians and intellectuals, who usually have a stiff eyebrow over the snobbish corridors of history have spoken highly of him. He was an expert in the art of warfare and conquest and he was a noted literary genius, a writer of Uzbeki prose. He was ardent lover and admirer of poetry and fine arts. He wrote several books on prosody, music and the art of war. He is the inventor of a calligraphic writing even today known as Khat-i-Babri.
Babur was born on February 14, 1483, in the town Andejan situated in the Farghana Valley. He was sixth in the line of Amir Taimur’s descendent, while his mother belonged to the family of the Mongol, Changez Khan. Babur’s mother was the pillar of Babur’s character and education. She was well versed with the literature of Turkish, Arabic and Persian and she could play lullaby for the future emperor form the folk songs. Babur was only 11 years old when his father died and he was declared his successor and ruler of the Farghana Valley. As a child he faced several challengers to the throne but successfully surmounted all of them. Babar’s education ended with his initial years of life as he found no second chance at it. Interestingly, he was least impressed with his childhood teachers.
From the slew of resources I can sum up the history as follows:
Mir Baqi, a nobleman of Babur’s court built the mosque at Ayodhya in 1528. It was the custom of the time that most of the nobles used to implement things in the name of their king. The only source for these credits are the inscriptions on the mosque. In Babur’s autobiography there is no mention of this. In Babur’s memoirs he had been forthright where he mentions that he ordered the mutilation of the nude idols in Urwah Valley near Gwalior on the grounds of obscenity. Babur would not have failed to mention or hide the demolition of a temple had it been done on the grounds of religious conviction. There are doubts about his visit to Ayodhya itself.
There are no contemporary accounts about this episode and one has to draw inferences from the fact that there is no mention of the demolition of any temple in any of the sources at that time. A medieval Persian chronicle, Ain-i-Akbari, written in the 17th century by Abul Fazl refers to Ayodhya as ‘one of the holiest of places of antiquity’. It doesn’t mention any demolition and replacement of a temple by a mosque. Even Tulsidas, one of the greatest Ram bhakts of all time could not have missed this. He lived just a quarter of a century after Babur and it is totally unlike him not to have mentioned this had it taken place just 25 to 50 years before his time.
Babur came to India and adopted India as his country like Aryans, who had also came before him from Central Asia. Babur has defeated Lodhis who were Muslims.