The Martyrdom and Message of Karbala

The very word ‘martyr’ has been hackneyed or overused these days in case of any accident or death if we are sympathetic to the victim and somehow we could emotionally relate to the circumstances of his / her death. So, the pertinent question is:

WHOEVER IS TAKEN unawares or shot dead or suddenly killed be that even for any matter of goodness on the part of the murdered one could be called a martyr?

According to the tenets of Islam, anyone killed for any cause other than in service of God’s, cannot be called a martyr. We are at liberty to claim that assassin had been cruel and the ‘good man a just man, a brave man or a reasonable or ultimately a great man’ had been unjustly killed, but he cannot be a martyr in the theological diction of Islam. We may impart or assign great value, importance and dignity to that situation but a martyr in the true and the proper sense of the term is the one who stands for Truth and Righteousness as guided by God even at the cost of his life, property including his near and dear ones.

When you say it’s someone’s ‘Wafat’, it means they have passed away/died but when you say it’s someone’s ‘Shahadat’, the only difference is that they have passed away in the path of Allah/been martyred.

However, The Shahada in Arabic literally means “the testimony” and is an Islamic faith declaring belief in the oneness of God (Tawhid) and the acceptance of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) as God’s last prophet.

A Shahid is the person who sees the truth physically and thus stands by it firmly, so much so that not only does he testify it verbally, but he is prepared to struggle and fight and give up his life for the truth that is the real Cause of Allah, and thus becomes a martyr. In this way, and by his struggle and sacrifice for the sake of the truth, he become a model, a paradigm, and an example for others, worthy of being copied, and worthy of being followed.

In one of his article a learned scholar Janab Asad Zaidi encapsulates the message of Imam Hussain (AS) and martyrdom of Karbala in the following sequence:

1) Be righteous, even if you are alone. Standing up for what is right is important, even if you have to face death with certainty. It is important for the greater good. This is the only way to defeat injustice.

2) Be just. Don’t be selective when speaking up against tyranny. It does not matter if the oppressed person is not related to you. Similarly, it doesn’t matter if the oppressor is related to you. You have to stand up for what is right.

3) Be patient. The overall goal is more important than your personal feelings. Hazrat Abbas, the brave son of Imam Ali (AS) and the younger brother of Imam Hussain (AS), was a famous warrior of his time. He drove fear into the very souls of his enemies. Yet, he kept quiet in the face of many provocations as commanded by his elder brother.

4) Be brave even when you have lost everything. Sayeeda Zainab (AS), the brave daughter of Imam Ali and the sister of Imam Hussain, was taken as prisoner after seeing her family being massacred – her loving brothers, her nephews, and her own two sons. All were killed in one day, yet, she didn’t lose focus of the goal of her brother. Tied up in ropes, she fearlessly spoke against the tyrant ruler right in his durbar/courtyard.

Never fear to speak the truth!

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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The recent DU Student Union Election Results – see how the wind blows


I’ve consistently maintained in several portals that BJP is a party that is deficient of talent and experience. The gamble of RSS to catapult a controversial face with a tarred reputation to the centre stage paid dividends pro tem like a wind fall in the last Lok Sabha polls. RSS managed to garner the Hindu hardliner’s support and attracted the desperate youth with the mirage of bright future coated with Hindutva appeal. “Acchche din’ was a deceptive but mesmerizing slogan that put on hopes to many of the gullible hopefuls. However, as the BJP completes a marathon 40 months race and the other side of new Lok Sabha is beckoning alarmingly, the formidable outfit sees to have lost the road as well as the roadmap.
There is not point to recall the BJP lied about ‘Black Money’, 15 lakhs in every Indian Passbook, secure borders, ten heads for one head, Clean and Aviral Ganga, Corruption Free Bharat and Smart Cities.
In the new sargam of national life we are hit by the highest petrol prices as the current Petrol price in New Delhi is 70.39 INR, with effect from Thursday, September 14, 2017.

Let the readers recall the year 2012, in January, these BJP stalwarts riding bicycles, cycle rickshaws and even bullock carts with a large number of Bharatiya Janata Party workers held a demonstration on Parliament Street to protest against the rise in the prices of all essential commodities and the recent hike in petrol prices. Led by Delhi BJP president Vijender Gupta, the protesters, who included eight MLAs, raised slogans against the “anti-people’’ policies of the Congress-led Government at the Centre. After being addressed by the party leaders, the protesters moved towards Parliament. They broke through some of the police barricades and later courted arrest when the police used water cannons to disperse them and prevented their further advance towards Parliament.

Earlier, addressing the protesters, Mr. Gupta had charged that the Central Government was playing a “double game’’ to demoralize the people. “On the one hand the Group of Ministers is formed on paper to curb price spiral and on the other the Government is trying to deprive the common man of his bread by increasing the price of petrol by Rs.5.50 within a month. Nowhere in the world is the tax on oil so high as it is in India,’’ he said, adding that “here the Government recovers more tax than the price of oil’’.

What face these leaders have to show to suffering masses?

The merciless killing of Gauri Lankesh has turned the tables against the well orchestrated take-over game plan for 2019 and the public is rising from deep enforced slumber.

The thundering ABVP defeat at JNU’s Union elections and the convincing victory of Congress student wing National Students Union of India (NSUI) has shaken the ruling dispensation to its roots. NSUI won the posts of President and Vice-President. BJP’s student wing Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) has won the post of Secretary. And jt-secy post. However, NSUI has rejected the revised results. NSUI handle on Twitter indicated that the party is looking to go to High Court to challenge the result. According to NSUI they have won 3, not 2 seats.

Before the latest DU student union election the Prime Minister addressed students across the nation from Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. Speaking at the event, Prime Minister stressed on his Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan. Addressing the event, PM Modi said that Indians do not have the right to chant Vande Mataram if they go on to spit pan and throw garbage on roads. He further added that those who clean the roads and surroundings have the first right in the country. Speaking about Swami Vivekanada’s address in at Parliament on Religion in Chicago on 11 September, 1983, PM Modi said people in India remember 9/11 of 1893. “Today is 9/11…this day became widely spoken about after 2001 but there was another 9/11 of 1893 which we remember. Just with a few words, a youngster from India won over the world and showed the world the power of oneness,” the Prime Minister said.

It was a pep talk to enlighten the students of DU to recognize the vision and mission of BJP ideology. However, The ABVP had claimed that on the basis of its ‘pro-student issues’ and consistent ‘developmental work’ on JNU campus, it would defeat the Left, as students have got over the ‘Communist narratives’. With the NDA government at the Centre, they expected to repeat the feat of 2000, when ABVP candidate Sandeep Mahapatra had bagged the president’s post for the first and the last time in JNUSU history.

However, Rahul Gandhi’s speech to students at University of California, Berkeley on Monday touched all major aspects of contemporary Indian politics, right from defending questions on dynasty politics to raising questions over the Modi government’s demonetisation drive. Not only that, the Congress vice-president said that he was “absolutely ready” to take up an executive responsibility if the party asked him to do so. It seems that the intelligent boys at the universities are finding closer equation with the young scion of Congress Party.

According to NSUI’s national media in-charge Neeraj Mishra, “Today’s victory of the NSUI at DUSU is a mandate against Modi’s policies and the RSS-ABVP agenda of saffronisation of university campuses. The results of Rajasthan University, Panjab University and now Delhi University shows how the students have rejected them. Amid strong positioning of the ABVP, the victory of the NSUI also reflects the trust reposed by the youth on Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi.”

Prior to JNU and DU students’ polls, in the elections in Rajasthan University, and in Punjab University as well the ABVP came a cropper, losing all three major seats.

We shall not discuss about Ahmad Patel’s victory at RS or the results of ‘Bawana by polls’ where Aam Aadmi Party’s Ram Chander managed to win by a margin of 24,000 votes over his closest rival Ved Prakash of the BJP. But one can listen to the alarming bells announcing the bad times for communal, parochial and blatant non-inclusive mind-sets.

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Long live Prof Kancha Ilaiah!


There are several people who have left their imprints on my life in the holistic format. I’ve learned from them about politics, philosophy, socialism, values of life and respect of other religions as well as the concepts of gnosis and atheism. They may not have brought any drastic changes in the fundamentals of my character but they had helped me to understand and analyze any situation with a clear mind and in a objective way.

And one of them is Prof Kancha Ilaiah. He is an Indian activist and writer who is two months younger to me in age. His books include ‘Why I am not a Hindu’, ‘God As Political Philosopher: Budha’s challenge to Brahminism,’ ‘A Hollow Shell,’ ‘The State and Repressive Culture,’ ‘Manatatwam’ (in Telugu), and ‘Buffalo Nationalism: A Critique of Spiritual Fascism’. He is a member of the Dalit Freedom Network and a major figure in the movement against the Hindu Caste System

Kancha Ilaiah was born in the village of Papaiahpet, Warangal district in erstwhile Hyderabad State and his family belonged to the sheep-grazing Kuruma Golla caste, an OBC. He had received his M.A. degree in Political Science from Osmania University and an M.Phil., awarded for his study of Land Reform in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. He has been a recipient of the Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Award and was a Nehru Fellow between 1994-97. Ilaiah earned a Ph.D on the basis of his work exploring the political dimension of Buddhism culminating in God as Political Philosopher – Buddha Challenge to Brahminism..

He has credited his mother, Kancha Kattamma, as pivotal in shaping his political thought. According to Ilaiah, she was at the forefront of the Kurumas’ struggle against the forest guards discriminatory behaviour. Kancha Kattamma was killed during a violent confrontation while protesting against police brutality. Kancha Ilaiah is identified as a Dalit although he is not a Dalit but rather a member of an Other Backward Class.

Currently, Kancha Ilaiah is serving as director of the Centre for Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy at Moulana Azad National University (MANUU) in Hyderabad.

As the poisoned atmosphere created by RSS Hindutva Ideology have been tearing the social democratic fabric of the country and taking its toll in the murders and silencing the liberal intellectual, this great social reformer, bold writer and intrepid scholar has also received the numerous threats. However, after receiving several threatening phone calls for days, writer, activist and social scientist Kancha Ilaiah sought police protection on Monday saying that he was facing threat to his life even as Arya Vysya organisations staged protests in parts of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh seeking a ban on his book, “Samajika Smugglurlu Komatollu (Vysyas are social smugglers)”.

Speaking to reporters, Kancha said, “No matter how much I am threatened or intimidated, my brain will not be scared by bullets and violence. I will continue to write on Ambedkarite and Dalit issues as long as I live.”

He went on to say, “At every temple, Vysyas have a special dharma satram. If they consider everyone equal, they should allocate at least two rooms for Dalits at every guesthouse they constructed at the temples. They should do that if they have respect for human equality, whether it is at Kothagudem or Yadadri.”

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Rohingya Muslims also deserve to be included in ‘Vasudhavia Kutumbakam’


Vasudhavia Kutumbakam is a philosophy that inculcates the understanding that whole world is one family. If the Pramatma is one how then the Atma can be different?

In wake of violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine state in which the Rohingya Muslims have been targetted, the Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama on Sunday said that Lord Buddha “would have definitely helped” the Rohingyas” and he felt “very sad” about the violence.

Those people..you see..sort of harassing some Muslims. Then they should remember, Buddha, in such circumstances, would have definitely helped those poor Muslims,” Dalai Lama told reporters.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights confuted the India’s stand that advocates that because India is not a signatory to the Refugee Convention it “can dispense with international law on the matter, together with basic human compassion.”

According to UN human rights chief, “by virtue of customary law, its ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the obligations of due process and the universal principle of non-refoulement, India cannot carry out collective expulsions, or return people to a place where they risk torture or other serious violations,” the UN human rights chief said.

According to Article 15 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “[e]veryone has the right to a nationality,” and “[n]o one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality.” While issues of nationality are primarily within each state’s jurisdiction, a state’s laws must be in accord with general principles of international law.

Nationality, according to the International Court of Justice, is “a legal bond having as its basis a social fact of attachment, a genuine connection of existence, interests and sentiments.”

States are required by international standards described below to avoid acts that would render stateless anyone who has a genuine and effective link to that state:

The right to nationality without arbitrary deprivation is now recognized as a basic human right under international law, which, through legal instruments and the practice of many states, imposes the general duty on states not to create statelessness.

The primary international legal instruments addressing the issue of statelessness are the 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.

These conventions provide for the acquisition or retention of nationality by those who would otherwise be stateless and who have an effective link with the state through factors of birth, descent, or residency.

Citizenship, or nationality, is a fundamental human right that facilitates the ability to exercise other human rights. The Rohingya’s lack of citizenship lies at the heart of this crisis.

Human Rights Watch believes that all Rohingya born in Burma and their children have a right to Burmese citizenship. By denying them citizenship, Burma is violating international law. It is also forcing its neighbours to bear the burden of its actions. The international community should continue to put pressure on Burma to provide full citizenship and accompanying rights to its Rohingya population. Until Burma does so, the Rohingya who flee human rights abuses and ill-treatment in Burma should be provided with asylum and international refugee protection. In particular, Rohingya should not be detained or deprived freedom of movement in countries of asylum. They should receive temporary identification papers and their children should be registered at birth.

What happened in Burma now Myanmar:

The 1954 convention defines a “stateless person” as someone “who is not considered a national by any State under the operation of its law.”Under Article 1 of the 1961 convention, a state “shall grant its nationality to a person born in its territory who would otherwise be stateless.” Article 8 prohibits the deprivation of nationality if it results in statelessness, and Article 9 prohibits the discriminatory deprivation of nationality. Burma violates both of these articles.

Nearly all Rohingyas or their parents were born in Burma, have resided there, and have family there, all factors that establish a genuine and effective link to Burma. Burma, however, continues to treat the Rohingya as foreign residents and refuses to accept them back from Malaysia. It does this on the basis of the Rohingya’s ethnic origin. Discriminatory denial of citizenship renders the Rohingya potentially stateless, as no other country recognizes them as its nationals. This violates Articles 8 and 9 of the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. Burma, thus, bears clear responsibility for the Rohingya’s plight.

Burma has created an intractable situation for Rohingyas. Denied citizenship on the basis of their ethnicity, nearly all Rohingya in Burma have severely restricted rights to education, employment, and movement in Burma. Many are also subject to quasi-institutionalized forced labor practices.

Under its statute, UNHCR is charged with “providing international protection” and with “seeking permanent solutions for the problem of refugees.” A refugee, as defined by the 1951 Refugee Convention, is:

“….any person who . . . owing to well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.

The Rohingya are subjected to arbitrary confiscation of their property and other economic restrictions precisely because of their membership of a specific ethnic and religious group.

The Rohingya’s inability to acquire citizenship status is thus integral to the discrimination and human rights abuses they suffer in Burma. Where an entire group is arbitrarily denied or deprived of citizenship on the basis of nationality or ethnicity, there is a strong argument to be made that this constitutes discrimination rising to the level of persecution. In addition, because important legally enforceable rights are associated with citizenship, arbitrary denial or deprivation of citizenship deprives individuals of legal remedies for a variety of restrictions.

To conclude the argument, every religion has a sunny side and a shady side where the violence lurks in the background. Those who claim that all followers of Buddha are peaceful people forget the violent history of Japan pre -1945, second war, the macabre dance of death of Pol-Pot regime in the fag end of the last century and now read the following:

In Thailand several prominent virulent Buddhist monastic had called for violence. In the 1970s, nationalist Buddhist monks like Phra Kittiwuttho argued that killing Communists did not violate any of the Buddhist precepts.

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Dehli jo ek Shahar tha Aalam men Intakhab

“Come September” was an old successful blockbuster romantic comedy of Hollywood. The story line suggests a caretaker of an Italian villa who is very surprised to see its owner, a rich Yankee businessman, arrive two months early. This is a major problem because when the American isn’t visiting, the caretaker uses the villa as a hotel and pockets the profits. While he is there, the Yankee gets interested in a voluptuous guest. Meanwhile newlyweds continue their honeymoon.

Some kind of similar joke was played by history at the expanse of our past in India.

Very few of our modern Muslim youth who sing and dance with the music of ‘Come September’ know the other side of story of Sep 1857 that had changed their destiny, brutally and drastically for the foreseeable future. We are still paying the price of mistakes made in the past.

It was the eventful mournful day of Sep 14, 1857 when the sun of Islamic Mughal Emipre finally set behind the minarets of Jama Masjid, Bhojla Pahadi, Delhi.

The First War of India’s Independence began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a Mutiny of Sepys of the Company’s army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 miles northeast of Delhi. It then erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions chiefly in the Central India. The rebellion posed a considerable threat to British power. However, after a four-month long bloody siege of Delhi, the British forces were victorious and on September 14, 1857 and Delhi fell into their hands. Residents of the Shahr Panah or city of refuge, Shahjahanabad, could not quite believe that what had happened though there had been growing evidence in front of their eyes. The rebellion was contained only with the rebels’ defeat in Gwalior on 20 June 1858. On 1 November 1858, the British granted amnesty to all rebels not involved in murder, though they did not declare the hostilities formally to have ended until 8 July 1859. The rebellion is known by many names, including the Sepoy Mutiny, the Indian Mutiny, the Great Rebellion, the Revolt of 1857 and the Indian Insurrection. Every Indian knows about the first spark – the bullets coated with objectionable animal fat.

On September 17, the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar left the Qilla-e-moalla (Red Fort) to avoid further bloodshed. There was panic in the city. On September 20 he surrendered and ‘captured’ by Major Hodson. He brought him back as as prisoner to Shahjahanabad. By then, the walled city of Shahjahanabad was vacated by old residents with the exception of those who had sided with the British forces. They were only allowed to stay on. Mirza Ghalib was allowed to stay on because the street in which he lived was inhabited by employees of the Raja of Patiala. This Raja was a loyal stooge of British rulers and he had sided with the British in quelling the ‘rebellion’.

Not everyone was so fortunate. Maulvi Mohammad Baqar who had run the newspaper, ‘Dehli Urdu Akhbar’, exhorting Hindus and Muslims to fight together against the invader traders, the common enemy, was shot on December 16.

Zahir Dehlvi writes in Dastan-e-Ghadar: “I have heard that 1400 men from this mohalla were arrested and taken to the river from the Rajghat Darwaza. There, guns bombarded them and the corpses were thrown in the river. The women ran out of their houses with their children, and jumped into wells. The wells of Kucha Chela’n were full of dead bodies.”

It would be significant to recall that both Hindus and Muslims upper and lower castes had fought together in the First War of Independence. However, as this war was fought under the leadership of Mughal Emperor Bhahdur Shah Zafar – a Muslim, the wrath of the British Empire fell heavily on the Muslims.

After a predetermined and predecided trial – a travesty of justice, Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon for sedition against his own empire. Most of the royal princes and princesses were killed. The rest royals met the unknown fate or death during escape or spent their lives in jungles and bastis without identity.

The Red Fort was turned into a British army camp. Most of its palatial magnificent buildings were destroyed. Ugly barrack were built. The remaining marvels of Mughal architect were stripped of their precious stone decorations and pearls.

The Jama Masjid was turned into a soldier’s camp and its side galleries were used as stables. The Akbarabadi and Kashmiri Katra mosques were demolished. Fatehpuri Masjid was sold to Lal Chunamal. He had converted this mosque it into a godown. Zeenat-ul Masajid was turned into a bakery. In ‘According to the history of rebellion, the Hindus were given a proclamation of freedom and allowed to re-enter Shahjahanabad in January 1858. Ironically the Muslims were not permitted to enter till a decade or more later. Their traditional crafts, avocations and arts were destroyed. Most of the intellectuals were compelled by circumstances to desert Delhi.

The Delhi Jama Masjid was returned to the Muslims in 1862 with many conditions and most humiliating one was the right of British officers to continue wearing shoes inside. Fatehpuri Masjid was re-bought from Lala Chuna Mal. A new class of rich traders, led by Lala Chuna Mal emerged who bought the properties of the ousted nobles and prospered. The character of Shajahanabad changed. The Delhi that has a definite Muslim Character became an alien township for them and the old order gave way to the new. After 14 years, in 1876, Queen Victoria of England became the Empress of India.

There were reasons for Muslims to lag behind. Now, who fought for the freedom and who got the reward? Let the future dispassionate historians decide!

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Gujrat’s Muslim Heritage – Baithe hain un he key koochey men hum aaj Gunah garon ki tarah


Bada shor Suntey the Pahloo men Dil ka,

Jo Cheera to ek Qatra-ey Khoon na Nikla.”

Great cry, little wool!

According to authentic reports published in the aftermath of Gujarat Pogroms 2002, the Intelligence Bureau of the government had collected data on damages done to religious sites. The data showed that the rioteers desecrated a total of 562 religious places — 302 dargahs, 209 mosques, 30 madrasa, 18 temples and three churches. It has also claimed that of these damaged shrines, 294 had been repaired by December 31, 2002. A human rights fact-finding team called ‘Sahmat’ had reported back in 2002 that around 20 mosques were demolished in Ahmedabad alone as of March 11, 2002. The dargah of famous Urdu Poet Wali Gujarati, who was buried there, was also demolished at Shahibag in Ahmedabad. The Noorani mosque was damaged and burned in Naroda Patiya. The minaret of the mosque was also destroyed. In another incident, a 500-year-old mosque in Isanpur was destroyed with the use of cranes and bulldozer. The mosque at Por in Vadodara was razed by using a bulldozer belonging to the municipal corporation. The UNESCO designated World Heritage city and Gujarat’s capital Ahmedabad was one of the worst affected in terms of riot casualties and damages to religious sites. The historical monuments, mostly religious, were relics of a mixed-cultural past. For example, Ahmedabad’s 15th-century sultan Ahmad Shah I married a Hindu Rajput princess.

Around 600 years ago, by the side of the river Sabarmati, the newly-crowned Sultan of Gujarat Ahmad Shah I had laid the foundation of the first planned city of medieval India. It was to be established by four persons named Ahmad who had not missed any of their obligatory prayers. After a frantic search across Gujarat four Ahmads – Sultan Ahmad Shah I, Shaikh Ahmad Khattu of Sarkhez, Qazi Ahmad Jod of Patan, and scholar Malik Ahmad came together on 7 Zil Qa’da 813 ( 2-3 March 1411) to establish a city that saw the its worst mayhem in the human history.

However, the Muslims were flourishing in Gujarat even before the the establishment of Ahmedabad. According to historical documents, Allauddin Khilji’s army appeared in this region in 1297. Just like Muslims arrival in Malabar in Kerala, as soon as Islam began spreading in Arabian Peninsula, Muslims began to make their presence felt in the coastal region of Gujarat. After Sindh, it is Gujarat where the first Muslim rule was established in Indian sub-continent. Sanjan, a small town on the coast saw the establishment of an independent principality.

The famous Historigrapher Abul Hasan Ali Masudi had arived in Cambay (aka Khambat) in 915 CE and he saw a large number of Arab Muslim settled in Cambay, Chembur, Thana, Sopara, Sanjan, and Bharuch. He wrote that Muslim led honourable life under Hindu kings and they had built a number of mosques where regular prayers were offered. And a number of these mosques have survived the wreak of time, making Gujarat site of some of the oldest mosques of India.The oldest mosque in Gujarat is the Jama Masjid of Bharuch which was completed in the year 1065.

The famous Islamic invader Mahmood Ghaznavi attacked the temple at Somnath in the year 1024. About 150 years later it was Shahabuddin Ghori who also attacked Gujarat but failed twice and not until 1197 when his general Qutubuddin Aibak had some success in Gujarat.

The Modern Gujarat has its roots in the establishment of sovereign Sultanate of Muzaffar Shah I by declaring his independence in 1407. Four years later his grandson Ahmad Shah I, founder of Ahmedabad, becomes the Sultan and start giving shape to a region that we recognize as present day Gujarat.

Ahmadabad was declared a “Historic City” on UNESCO’s World Heritage list on 8th July, 2017 during the 41st Session of World Heritage Committee. This made the walled city of Ahmedabad the first city in India and the third in Asia to be inscribed to the World Heritage List. It presents a rich architectural heritage.

The inscription has been done under Criteria (ii) and (v) as defined in the UNESCO’s Operational Guidelines, 2016. Criterion (ii) refers to the important interchange of human values, over a span of time on development of architecture, monumental arts, town planning and landscape while Criterion (v) refers to being an outstanding example of human settlement and land use.



And what happened to this city of golden heritage is described by Wikepedia in the following words: The 2002 Gujarat riots, also known as the 2002 Gujarat violence and the Gujarat pogrom, was a three-day period of inter-communal violence in the western Indian state of Gujarat. Following the initial incident there were further outbreaks of violence in Ahmadabad for three months; state wide, there were further outbreaks of communal riots against the minority Muslim population for the next year. The burning of train in Godhra on 27 February 2002, which caused the deaths of 58 Hindu pilgrims Karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, is cited as having instigated the violence. According to official figures, the riots ended with 1,044 dead, 223 missing, and 2,500 injured. Of the dead, 790 were Muslim and 254 Hindu.

The CM of Gujarat at that time, was accused of initiating and condoning the violence, as were police and government officials who allegedly directed the rioters and gave lists of Muslim-owned properties to them. However, in 2012, Modi was cleared of complicity in the violence by Special Investigation Team (SIT) appointed by the Supreme Court of India.

Regarding the religious places demolished, destroyed and dilapidated by the rioters, The Supreme Court on Tuesday has set aside a Gujarat high court order directing the state government to pay compensation for the damage and destruction of religious sites in the 2002 communal riots in the state. A bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra passed the order in the light of the assurance and scheme extended by the Gujarat government agreeing to pay for restoration of damaged religious structures during the communal riots.

The court was hearing an appeal by the state government against the Gujarat high court order on a plea by an NGO, Islamic Relief Committee of Gujarat (IRCG), asking the state to compensate for the damage and destruction post the riots.

A division bench of then acting Chief Justices Bhaskar Bhattacharya and J.B. Pardiwala of Gujarat high court had ordered compensation for over 500 places of worships in the state in 2012. IRCG’s plea had sought a court directive to the state government to compensate for damage and destruction of religious sites during the riots.

And that reminds me of Mirza Ghalib:

Poochtey hain woh ke koun hain Ghalib;

Koi batao ke hum batayen kiya.”

It has been enquired who is Ghalib, Tell me what should I say?

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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The truth of Baba Rampal yet to divulge

Today, this news is flashing on every TV screen:

“A Hisar court on Tuesday acquitted self-styled godman Sant Rampal in two cases registered against him, after both eyewitnesses and the complainant turned hostile. Briefing reporters outside Hisar Central Jail, where a special court was set up to pronounce the verdict, Rampal’s lawyer A P Singh said: “Sant Rampal has been acquitted in the two criminal case. He has been acquitted in the two cases (426 and 427). It’s a victory of truth.”

Rampal has been cleared of two charges — obstructing government servants from performing their duty and wrongful confinement of people. He will, however, continue to remain in jail as he faces charges in at least eight other cases, one of which dates back to 2005 where a villager was shot dead in Hisar.

Public prosecutor Rajesh Chaudhary said, “Besides these two FIRs, there are few more criminal cases yet pending against him that includes heinous crimes. Thus, he shall continue to stay in jail.”

Rampal is currently lodged in Hisar Central jail. Judicial Magistrate First Class Mukesh Kumar held the court inside the jail premises and pronounced the verdict. Apprehending law and order issues in Hisar, the state police had beefed up security in and around Hisar.”

And I’d written the following article when Baba Rampal was arrested and it appeared in “IndiaOpine” portal soon after his arrest:

With the arrest of swambhu-godman, the 63-year-old Rampal from his Barwala (Hissar) ashram, the curtain falls temporarily upon the significant liberal movement that was challenging the hegemony of Arya Samaj and its fellow traveler RSS in Haryana-Punjab provinces for quite some time.

The big protracted drama was stage managed to tom-tom the efficiency of Haryana police and to glean the scattered brownie points for Mr. Khattar and Co. Ironically, none of the participants has come out in flying colors from that sordid conflagration. Dark days ahead, it seems for Rampal as state administration is going to entrap him in full conceivable net of law and its violation. The simple straight defiance that began with the arrest order of Rampal by the Punjab and Haryana High Court in a case of ‘criminal contempt of court’ following his persistent in refusal to appear before the court ballooned up. And it is now leaving behind the wider social-religious divide in its wake. The operation took life of five women and a child, injuring of many others including two dozen media persons covering the event.

The recalcitrance and obstinate resistance of Rampal has likely caused this flare up. Is it the only truth? On the face of it, technically, yes! But there is much to read between the lines. Rampal, as individual, was a small fry. However, what he represented was the tip of iceberg, a stream of fantasy, a congeries of events and a slice of real loaded history. It is much different than what this prejudiced media want us to believe.

In fact, Godman Rampal was challenging the might of Arya Samaj and his abortive defiance was a symbol of resistance against RSS ideology. Media, hand-in-glove with the ruling class, reported what police and official machinery put on silver-platter for them. They failed to educate the masses about the root cause of the controversy which has climaxed to this dramatic tragedy. Police was capable to put its hands on Rampal any time it felt proper.

To look at present crisis with objectivity you can’t shut your eyes to the painful past. History keeps reminding the bitter and sweet narratives, sometimes in books and at other in practice. You have to travel the hoary distance of 150 years to know the roots. It began with the resurgence of Arya Samaj in erstwhile Punjab when Swami Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of the Arya Samaj, came on the Punjab. He was a strong critic of “ heterodox” religious schools like Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. He detested “religious impurities.” He was also a staunch votary of Vedas and believed that Sanskrit was the only language that could become the vehicle of spiritual, philosophical and lofty ideas.

In his book ‘Satyarth Prakash’ ( Light of Truth), in 1875, he attacked Guru Nanak whom he addressed as ‘dhurta’, meaning rogue and charlatan. He called the Sikh holy book as ‘mithya’ ( false) and the Sikhism as ‘jaal’ (a snare, a trap). This led to a clash between the Sikhs and followers of Arya Samaj belonging to upper Hindu castes and a elite business and educated section having base in Lahore and Amritsar. The periodic manifestations in various forms of clashes raised its head over a century. The Punjab problem and the Sikh pogrom of 1984 in independent India was the tail ender tableau of that friction.

It is important to note that the holy Sikh scripture includes more than a hundred hymns of Bhagat Kabir, besides carrying the latter’s broad religious concepts as ‘naam’, ‘the creator and unfathomable’. Vedanta and Vaisnavism with all its adjutants like asceticism, caste-system and withdrawal from the life go at the tangent with Kabir’s thoughts.

In the period of 1877 – 78, Swami Dayananda had initiated ‘Shuddhi’ campaign meaning ‘purification movement’ to reclaim converts from the Sikhs back to the Hindu fold. It was Sant Rampal who raked up that old historical religious-cultural conflict by challenging the doctrine of Arya Samaj in his lectures. Everyone knows that Arya Samaj, in Haryana, is now a close ally of RSS. The BJP chief minister Mohan Lal Khattar, and he is an old RSS hand. He is a Hindu Punjabi whose family had migrated in 1947 to Indian Punjab from the core area of Arya Samaj now in Pakistan’s Punjab.

Rampal, in his earlier days, was an ardent devotee of Lord Hanuman and Lord Krishna. To his dismay for 25 years, his meditating for hours and following religious practices, Rampal could not attain spiritual peace that he was searching for. The former junior engineer with Haryana’s irrigation department was a frustrated man. Then he came in contact with Swami Ramdev Anand, a follower of Saint Kabir, a preacher of strict monotheism. His views had undergone a radical change. The new light led to his taking ‘naam’. In 1994, he was ordered by Ramdev Anand to initiate other people into taking ‘naam’, and he quit his government job in 1995. Now, he was ‘godman’ with a message of ‘enlightenment.’ The ‘Kabirpanth’ as he and his master perceived, began sprouting in that area,

It was not a welcome development for Arya Samaj. Rampal’s ashram entered into direct confrontation with Arya Samaj. In a violent clash that ensued between his and Arya Samaj followers a 20-year-old Sonu was killed. And he was implicated into that murder case which witnessed him behind the bars for 18 months. Those murder charges are still sticking to his person. Since than his ‘Kabirpanth’ and Arya Samaj have frequent clashes resulting in pernicious social and religious divide in the area.

Rampal, like Martin Luther, had been criticizing the set- beliefs of Arya Samaj and other religions. He dared to question the origin and ancestry of gods (devi-devtas) and the popular interpretations of Hindu scriptures. Often he used, at his congregations, very aggressive language. According to Rampal, the “real truth” has been hidden from the people by gurus and intellectuals who have interpreted scriptures in the past.

The majority of Rampal followers come from the lower middle-class, dalits, anti-Jaat castes and backward castes.

His website proclaims: “Our race is living being, mankind is our religion, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian, there is no separate religion.”

For every big fire there had been the real reason and more often apparent reasons.

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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A personal note – A big thanks to my boss Taizoon Khorakiwala!

Last six months have been the most excruciating for me. There were deaths, illnesses and a wedding in the family – life was a melting pot of diametrically opposite emotions. However, as I had mentioned earlier, we should not consider the challenges of life as demons out to destroy us but as teachers to guide us in the struggle of life. The famous English poet Thomas Manton describes a bird that can sing in winter as well as in spring. Someone once said: – “Afflictions are often God’s best blessings sent in disguise.”
There are moments in life when we find ourselves confined in a particularly unfavourable setting or circumstance with no possible way out. We actually feels as though we have been taken captive like a beast caught in a snare. And particular trials leave us feeling like at our wit’s end – not knowing exactly what to do. We are supposedly given a cup to drink from – the cup of astonishment – the cup of trembling and reeling.

Know this – your circumstances are not here to stay.
The darkest hour is just before the dawn.
You will soon see the light at the end of the tunnel.
You are coming out of all of this.
You can count on it!
God’s promises are still true.

As Matthew Henry said, your sun is going to shine so much brighter after being under a cloud for so long. You can count on it.

“Afflictions are often God’s best blessings sent in disguise.”

Having said all about Almighty Allah, let me talk about the milk of human kindness, the concerned and sympathetic friends, relatives and well wishers. A time of calamity is also the best time to measure and judge your friendships.

Those who read my articles regularly, may bear witness that I’d never ever made any grouse or complaint against my friends. In fact I’d never had one. Those who had been hard upon me for whatever reasons in past were never entered in my diary as my enemies. I’ve always convinced myself that they had a reason for what they did and they were doing their job.

Today, I shall especially talk about my bosses with whom I’d worked for 32 long years. I’d been in Bombay recently and one of the son of my boss (who was also a boss even when I joined) offered me to join back is a capacity that would suit to my experience. I was moved with to the bottom of my heart. I thanked and politely expressed my inability as I’ve had discovered a new boss that is my PEN. I excused them saying that I need more than 24 hours in a day to fulfil my present assignments. I can’t give up on my last crossing half-way.

I can’t finish this write-up without mentioning one of my dearest bosses who has left the indelible marks on my life and with whom I’ve never had an easy relationship. How he managed with a tough nut like me for 24 protracted years was nothing short of miracle. I had to leave my job in 2006 for medical, personal and failing to justify (Raison detre) my existence in the new set up.

How may bosses keep in touch with their employees once they leave the job?

But, my bosses were always there on my mobile to offer any help I needed. And just a few years back when I happened to see one of my bosses in Bombay, he offered to assist with an undisclosed amount to carry forward the business venture that I’d started. No one would believe that hinted offered amount exceeded 7 digits. Again I was grateful for such a great pep but for the same reason that I’d mentioned earlier, I was not in a position to avail that.

However, I can’t forget this caring and compassionate boss ever in my life. I don’t have to wear my emotions on my sleeve but would request you, my readers, to imagine what it means to have a big heart. I found that having a big heart means that you are a little more emotional than others. My bosses had always shown big heart for me. Way back in 1976, they had booked (FREE) for me a flat in Bombay suburbs that has now become the centre of town today. I learned a lot from them. When I see someone else in pain, my heart takes the pain just as hard. I also find that having a big heart is having the ability to easily forgive and forget also. I always seem to let myself believe that people have just as big of heart as mine, no matter how many times people prove me wrong.

Very recently, when my brother fell sick and was recovering, my boss was there to support me morally and console me will his pen. How can I forget that in the practical life we both are on different platforms. He is a big big businessman and I’m just an ordinary city journalist. Yes, you my bosses have been extraordinary, kind, gentle, caring and benign. Thanks to all Khorakiwalas, especially Late Hussaini Bhai, Late Shabbir Bhai and my loving boss (May his shadow never grow less) Taizoon Khorakiwala. God bless you!

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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The US Secretary of State castigates Saudi Arabia and Bahrain

We are used to reading, watching and hearing the depressive news about Middle East. And if it isn’t about the drop in prices of Black Gold, nothing comes out except what the regimes want to tell the world. However, given to Indian economic systems, we rarely enjoy the benefit of this drop also in a palpable way.

We read about beheading, the Arabs killing and conquering the Arabs or a war of attrition against Iran; Palestinians being beaten by Israel. The world watches dispassionately this panorama and there is always a silence of the lambs in Non-Arab Muslim countries. Most of them are caught neck-deep in the vortex of their own problems. But there is something that is heartening to know.

According to a news portal ‘TheNewArab’ there is awakening that is taking place and people around the world have begun to take notice of what is happening in these benighted monarchies and dictatorships against the Human Rights.

In the ‘Annual Religious Freedom Report’ issued this Tuesday, the United States Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has slammed the US allies in the Gulf, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, for persecuting religious minorities. Launching the first report since Trump took office, he took swipes at these errant monarchies and other countries – Sudan, Turkey, Pakistan and China. Rex Tillerson urged Riyadh to “embrace greater degrees of religious freedom for all of its citizens”.

“The government does not recognise the right of non-Muslims to practice their religion in public and applied criminal penalties including prison sentences, lashings, and fines for apostasy, atheism, blasphemy and insulting the state’s interpretation of Islam,” he said.

He added that Saudi authorities were attacking Shia Muslims and allowing social prejudice and discrimination against the minority, which makes up around 15 percent of the country.

The Saudi security forces have recently sealed off a Shia-majority town AWAMIA, in the Eastern Province of the country, demolishing large sections of the town following months of unrest. Similarly, Tillerson slammed the Gulf state of Bahrain for the detention of Shia clerics and political activists.

“Members of the Shia community there continue to report ongoing discrimination in government employment, education, and the justice system,” he said.

Bahrain has been ruled for more than 200 years by the Sunni Al Khalifa dynasty. The Kingdom of Bahrain has been gripped by unrest since long and the situation has worsened further since2011, when the country’s majority Shia population took to the streets to demand an elected government.

As usual, the report did not criticise its key US ally Israel, despite its restrictions on the religious freedoms of Palestinians under occupation.

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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The formidable clout of Israel on American psyche

“There is always someone having a much worse day than you.” It is cliche that is often used to console the disturbed minds. Many Indians were shocked when Prime Minister Narendra Modi deliberately ignored to mention about the previous illustrious prime minsters of India like Nehru and Indira Gandhi.

They were wondering about the historical slight of RSS stalwarts. Unfortunately, in this new world, the politicians and even the common man doesn’t bother about courtesy, politeness, acknowledgements or thanks. We are becoming selective in every sphere of life. However, we’re not alone in this ungrateful theatre.

Honouring the soldiers is a universal tradition and India or America are no exception. We revere and admire our men and women who serve in armed forces especially when when they faced death on duty. We eulogise their sacrifices and we don’t discriminate among them.

However, I was shocked when I read the story of the 294 US Navy technical staff members who had been viciously attacked by Israeli jets and cruisers on June 8, 1967. They were serving on a US Navy technical research ship that was stationed in international waters north of the Sinai Peninsula.

The USS Liberty stayed afloat despite nearly two hours of strafing and bombing.

The crew held their fire and tried to alert the attackers that they were openly flying a US flag and were not engaged in any military threats. The attack killed 34 crew members, all US citizens and decorated military servicemen. Another 174 were seriously wounded. The attack was launched by America’s “ally” Israel. Ever since, both Israel and its American political defenders have blocked numerous efforts to highlight it.

Ever since, both Israel and its American political defenders have put every effort to balck-out this news.

In the so-called civilized nation, instead of being honouring these martyrs at the Veteran’s Day ceremonies or during national holidays, these poor victims are demonized and denounced as “anti-Semites” simply because they have challenged Israel’s propaganda, which asserts falsely that it made a mistake.

Sometime back, in a city in Florida called Palm Coast, it was suggested that a small plaque in the “Heroes Park” should be installed commemorating those of the Liberty victims. The park district approved the plaque, especially since one of the Liberty survivors, Ernest Gallo, has lived in Palm Coast for 15 years.

Communities with veterans living among them are usually proud to showcase them. Yet for some unexplained reasons, the city council voted to block placement of the plaque at “Heroes Park.” Politicians in this Florida community decided that these veterans did not deserve recognition.

In Europe the people have begun to realize the brutality of Israel against the helpless Palestinians. New voices are being raised there in favour of voiceless inhabitants of the Holy Land of Prophets. It is so sad that Israel holds a strong fist at the minds of Americans that they care two hoots about the plight of Palestine. They are too funky about Israel. The world has yet to change for better.

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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