AMRO TALE NO. 4 (The Salvation Isle- Amroha)

ILMOTEHZEEBO TAMADDON KA GAHVARA HAI AMROHA,

JAZEERA HE TAHARAT  KA MAH-E-PARA HAI AMROHA.

 

HUM IS PE NAZ KARTE HAIN KE HUM HAIN IS SE VABASTA,

JO KARTA HO ZAHEN ROSHAN VO OJYARA HAI AMROHA.

 

HAWAIN IS JAZEERE MAIN VADI-E-AYMUN SE AATI HAIN,

HAQ KA HAMDAM VO BATIL KO SHARARA HAI AMROHA.

 

ISEY MARKAZ KAHAIN TEHZEEB KA TO KIYA GHALAT HOGA,

HOSN-E-SALOOK-O-PIYAAR KA DHAARA HAI AMROHA.

 

MOKHTASARAN AY KALEEM SAB YEHI MAHSOS KARTE HAIN,

KOI TO BAAT HAI KE SABKO IS QADAR PIYARA HAI AMROHA.

Undoubtedly the earlier Amrotales have given the short references of a large number of charismatic personalities while merely the paragraphs or pages or chapters are insufficient for each of them. Not the single book but many volumes of the books would be formed for each of them to encompass the qualitative merits and submission to the Almighty God .They all possessed  a powerful  intellect beyond our imagination to put the knowledge and intelligence to practice the life. They gave the lesson how to hold the mind under perfect control to command our actions to spell the success and peace in life.

 

The cultural history of Amroha shows strong threads of unity running through the infinite multiplicity that was not fabricated by pressure of power-stakeholders or by stress. Amroha’s unity, intimacy and equality were established by the foresightedness and saintliness of great personalities and by their vigil sensibility and intellectuality. Their speculation and vision of reform were open ended and broad .Moreover, the imagination of poets and artists, learned doctors, engineers and scientists engineered the network of cordial connections between all the communities not only in Amroha or nearby but among entire human society of the world.

It would be undoubtedly an uphill task to even narrate the names of such superb persons of Amroha who sophistically engineered the society of Amroha. Besides a number of earlier references some of other great personalities around 19th century are Maulana Janab Najmul Hasan Taqvi Sahib (Najmul Millat Sahib), Maulana Janab Aulad Hasan Saleem Sahib, Janab Vakeel Hizabbar Ali Sahib, Janab Aaley Ahmad Naim Amrohvi Sahib(the writer of a big deewan of books, monajats,qasaids ,nohas, marsiyas etc. as Fasana-e –Mehsher,Jannatul Naim , Taqdisul Naim , Baqiyatul Naim , Istaghasa, Rozatul Naim and  Aaftab-e-Wilayat etc.),  Haji Mortaza Husain Sahib, Maulana Yosuf Husain Sahib (Yosuf-ul- Hindi s/o Haji Mortaza Husain Sahib), MOSHAFI AMROHVI SAHIB ,Zaman Amrohvi Sahib, Ali Nazar Amrohi Sahib, Girdhari Lal Turz Amrohi Sahib, S. Haider Husain Yatka Amrohi Sahib (1805-1845), S. Jawad Husain Shamin Amrohi Sahib (1838-1913) etc. etc. In 20th century Janab Manzar Amrohvi Sahib, Maulana Naseem Hasan Hilal Sahib, Allama Shafeeque Hasan Ailia Sahib, then after Maulana Ibadat Sahib Kaleem{S.Husain Akhtar Sahib – Imam-e-juma o jamat) Maulana Basheer Hasan sahib (founder of Aaley Ahmad Girls School as Madarsa-e Niswan that came in existence on 1st July 1922 with the Inchargeship of Mohtarama Safdari Begum through Master Mahmood Hasan Bolandshehri with her acceptance ofRs. 22.00 per month with the facility of residence  and the Madarsa- Niswan started in the Porani Haveli of Janab Aaley Ahmad Sahib Naim.Mohtarama Tahira Khatoon  urf Taro was appointed as QuramShareef Teacher at Rs.8.00 per month and till then the number of students studying Maths,Drawing ,Urdu and QuranShareef . Then it was shifted at Imam Bargah Dost Ali Sahib, Katkoin in June  1924 when it was adopted by Janab Aaley Ahmad Sahib Mohalla Katkoin after a meeting  of a number of peoples of our community at the residence of Khan Bahadur Syed Nabi Hadi Sahib}. Moiaulana safi Mortaza Sahib, Maulana Sabir Husain Sahib, Maulana Mohd. Nabi Sahib, Sikandar Husain Faheem Sahib (1910-1977) and S. Qayam Raza Naseem (………….   to     28/2/1987) were the prominent leading personalities to architect a beautiful and value oriented society .Imam Ali Khan Nazish Sahib went to Pak and worked at very high ranks of Communist Party and the Pak Government kept him in jail many times] and Jon Amrohvi Sahib (whose two collections SHAYAD and YANI have been published) can never be fainted on canvas of architectures of Amrohvi society and the future generations cannot forget their selfless services to unite, educate and reform the culture to create equality and freedom for making well educated and civilized nation of high morals. Maulana Mohd. Shakir Razmi Sahib has also been serving the society by his best guidance and teachings.

Sarkar Najmul Olama Najmul Hasan Taqvi or Najmul Millat Sahib was born on 25th May 1863, 6th ZillHij 1279 Hijri. He was the son of Syed Akbar Husain Taqvi Amrohvi. He was out and out without doubt a charismatic personality in Islamic world of knowledge, he was Faqih of top rank and the guardian of Jamia Nizamia, Lucknow. He was contemporary of Ayatullah Al Uzma Syed Kazim Tabatabai Yazdi, Shaikh Ziauddin Al Iraqi and Aytullah Syed Abul Hasan Isfahani. His world famous disciples are

Janab Molana Hafiz Farman Ali Sahib who translated the Quran in Urdu,

Molana S. Sibt-e-Hasan Naqvi Sahib,Molana S. Mohd. Haroon Sahib,

Molana S. Mohd. Dawood Sahib,Hafiz Kifayat Husain Sahib,

Molana S. Adil Akhtar Sahib,Molana Mufti Jafar Husain Sahib etc.

 

He left no stone unturned to propagate and create awareness of divine mission of Allah by deputing his trained learned missionaries even in Tibbet, Barma, Africa and western countries.

Son in law of Najmul Millat Sahib was Molana S. Nasir Husain Abidi s/o Molana Jawad Husain Abidi who was also a great authority in Islam philosophy. Father in law of Najmul Millat Sahib was Mofti Mohd. Abbas Shooshtri Al Jazairi s/o Molana Neymatulah Jazairi disciple of Allama Mujlisi Molana S. Mohommad , the author of the book Shariyat-ul-Islam and the founder of MADRASATOL WALZEEN LUCKNOW and Molana Syed Kazim were two sons of Njmul Millat Sahib. Allama S. M. Sadiq Sahib s/o Molana s.Kazim Sahib grand son of Janab Najmul Millat Sahib translated the QURAN Shareef , Nahjul Balagha and Saheefa-e-Kamila in Urdu. Allama Syed. Mohd. Mohsin s/o Molana Syed Kazim Sahib s/o Najmol Millat Sahib composed urdu poetic version of the translation of the Quran. On the other hand Molana Mohd. Razi s/o Molana syed Mohommad Sahib s/o Najmul Millat sahib was a famous aalim and faqih in Pakistan while his broter Molana Zaki preached at Lucknow for the sake of humanity . Meer Anees, Mirza Dabeer , Mirza Ghalib also reversed in Shamsol Olama Janab Najmul Millat Sahib. He has been the light house for generations. All the Amrohvis are proud of him as he was the glittering star of Amroha. He left this world for his divine journey on 18th April 1938 i.e. 17 Safar 1351 Hijri (Friday).

If we see the contribution of Molana Aulad Hasan Saleem Sahib we will find that he was at the top rank of Fiqh (knowledge of rules and regulations of Islamic contribution) during his period he was not only Imam-e-Jamat but treasure of literary and poetic humour. His physical beauties were highly praise worthy. He was adored by all communities because of his infinite saintliness , vigil sensibility and broad mindedness in visions. He was a top Islami Jurist. He was a figure of pride even for his contemporary Aalims. He was the son of Molana Ibadat (first)  who was a great scholar, philosopher of humanity and great Aalim- ba- Amal. Molana Aulad Hasan Sahib s/o Molana Mohd. Ibadat (first) s/o S. Mohd. Nijabat sb. s/o S. Mohd. Shafat Sb. s/o Abdul Wali got the intellectual beauty, literary ability, poetic imagery and musical harmony all along his royal ancestral mansabdari. (Lordship of spacific estate and command of platoon of solders) S. Abdl Wali Amrohvi s/o S. Abdl Jobbar was a famous brave Mansabdar in the period of Shahjahan while S. Abdl Jaled f/o S. Abdul Jabbar and one out of 8 sons of S. M. Mobarak I was a great mansabdar during King Akbar. He had a strong, mascular and huge built. Syed Mohd. Meer Mubarak was the bother of S. Mohd. Meer Adl (chief justice in the court of Akbar but due to oppositions of views in the matter of Deen-e-Ilahi, Akbar sent him to the state of Sindh who was also a royal mansabdar of chahar sadi zaat thee hundred soldiers. S. Meer Abdl Wali coined the name Mohalla Mohd. Shafaat for the sake of his son Syed Mohd. Shafaat . Molana Mohd. Ibadat Sahab was born on 6th February 1911 in a prominent family of Islamic Scholars of Amroha.MOLANA HUSAIN AKHTAR SAHIB (MOLANA IBADAT SAHIB KALEEM ) was lone male child of his parents . His mother was third wife of Molan Aulad Hasan Sahib. His father died when he was of 9 years. There was neither any elder brother nor any real uncle. Janab Haji Mortaza Husain Sahib acceptedhis guardianship like his own son.His early education  was in Noorol Madaris Amroha then he went to Mansabya Meerut for higher studies under the guardianship of  Molana Yosuf Husain Sahib. When Molana Yosuf became dean of Shia Thiology at A.M.U. Aligarh,Molana Ibadat Sahib left MANSABYA and returned to Amroha for a short period.Haji Mortaza Husain Sahib sent him to Nazmia Lucknow for further studies.He lived in Madrasatol Waizeen and studied in Nazmia. In 1932 he came back to Amroha after completion of his education and took the responsibility of Imam-e Juma-o-Jamaat. He died on 22nd October 1989 due to some heart problem.

Kiya gozar jaigi qatray pa gohar honay tak,

Yani onki nigah-e-lotf idhar honay tak.

Molana S.M.Ibadat Kaleem s/o Molana AULAD HASAN Saleem s/o Molana mohammad Hasan (Aalim and Hakeem ) s/o Molana Mohd.Siyadat s/o Molana Mohd Ibadat first s/o Molana S. Mohd. Nijabat s/o Molana S. Mohd. Shafaat s/o Meer S. Abdl Wali s/o Syed Abdul Jabbar s/o S. Abdl Jaleel s/o Meer Syed Mobarak s/o Meer S. Montajib II s/o Syed Chand s/o Syed Baday s/o S. Montajib I s/o Syed Rajay s/o Meer Abdl Azeez younger sonn of Syed Sharafuddin Shahvilayat.

 

When Molana Mohd. Ibadat Sahib was of only nine years he could get the inspiration and protection under the guardianship of Molana Murtaza Husain Sahib who was the principal of Noorul Madaris  Amroha. IN 1928 Haji Mortaza Husain sent Molana Ibadat Kaleem to Nizamia, Luckow for higher education under the guardianship of Sarkar Najmul Olama Najmul Millat Sahib. Most of the saint sufis specially in India conceived of and preached divine unity, in terms of idealistic monism . The greatest attraction for all the peoples was the well disciplined coordination between the individuals of all communities influenced by the Islamic philosophy of justice and equality for which Amroha then Lucknow were certainly at first in the priority list of social and intellectual values. No doubt Moshafi Amrohvi was the strong bridge between the literary schools of thoughts of Amroha and Lucknow but Jamia Nazmia Lucknow and Mardasol Waizeen Lucknow were the strong pillors of divine unity, social integrity and Islamic philosophy. Acholars , saints,generals and statesmen were attracted by Amroha and Lucknow  as iron fillings by magnet.

20th century was started with multidimentional exposure of poetic talent. Montazir Amrohvi, Molana Naseem Hasan Hilal and Allama Shafique Hasan Ailiya and other prominent socio-spiritual philosophers followed and reformed the harmony of 19th century. Janab Abdul Raof Amrohvi, Janab Saifi Amrohvi,Hakeem Kalb-e-Ali Sahib, Janab Mohammad Mehdi Raise Amrohvi, Janab Mokhtar Husain Taban Amrohvi ( Editor of NIDA-E-HIND newspaper) and Naseem Amrohvi Sahib decorated the poetry by more and more  more value oriented aspects. Jon Ailiya Sahib Jon Amrohvi adored the poetry by inserting more direct and philosophical depth to the composition. As 20th century was the golden period of poetry for Amroha, no poetic skill could be left unused to its all possible stretch. Molana Husain Akhtar Sahib (Molana Ibadat Kaleem) was the great architect of not only Islamic character of society but of socio-intellectual bondings through the strong threads of his powerful poetry and harmonic balance in components of 20th century society.

“Ai kash kay hasil rahe mojhko ye fazilat,

Ta zeest bora chahne walon se nibahon.

                                          **

 

“CHASHM-E-ASHIQ KO KAHIN DEED KA YARA TO MILA,

CHAHE AADHA HE SAHI KOI ISHARA TO MILA,

DOOBNE WALE KO TINKE KA SAHARA KAFI,

DOOBNE WALE KO TINKE KA SAHARA To MILA.”

He was a great a great Islamic scholar literary philosopher and a fantastic craftsman of poetry who used all the shades and colours of human- behaviour in his poetry. His sharp and vigil sense of words, is the ornamental beauty of his poetry, See a couplet –

“BUDHA DE QADAM AUR NATAIJ NA SOCH,

RAH-E-ISHQ ME  BUNKEY DIWANA CHUL ,

CHUL AI DIL BA ANDAAZ-E-RINDANA CHUL,

SO-E-BAZM KHASAN-E-JANANA CHUL .”

One thought on “AMRO TALE NO. 4 (The Salvation Isle- Amroha)

  1. As salaam o alikum …
    i want to ask the name of news paper tht was edited and Issued in the leadership of Naseem Amrohi ( was it Nida E Hind ) and wats the year it was published … thnx alot in advance
    Allah hafiz

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