The Brief History of Hazrat Syed Sharafuddin Shahwilayat

Let this scribe make a confession: He is no authority upon the subject – ‘Life and Events of Syed Hussain Sharafuddin Shahwilayat’. He is neither a historian nor a scholar chronicler or a very strong devotee of any cult or tradition. This article is simply based upon some folk stories, magazines, books, stray observations, cluttered thoughts and last but not least – some figments of unintended imagination. The reader is free to accept, reject, condemn and challenge any content of it at his own standards of merit and knowledge.

Before I describe the brief history of the Saint Sharafuddin Shahwilayat I feel it would be justified if I share few thoughts about Tasawwuf which could be simply described as the traditional Islamic science of self-improvement and spirituality. It is related to Sufism and defines our relationship with Allah. According to Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi – Many people have misunderstandings about tasawwuf. Many think that it is something beyond the Qur’an and Sunnah. Errant Sufis as well as the superficial ulema, although on the opposite ends of the spectrum, are together in holding this mistaken notion.

Consequently the first group has shunned the Qur’an and Hadith while the second group has shunned tasawwuf. Actually, although the term tasawwuf, like many other religious terms in use today, evolved later, the discipline is very much part of the Shariah. The department of the Shariah relating to external deeds like salat and zakat is called fiqh while the one dealing with the internal feelings and states of the heart is called tasawwuf. Both are commanded in the Qur’an. Thus while commanding Salat and Zakat, the Qur’an also commands gratefulness and love of Allah and condemns the evil of pride and vanity. Similarly, in the books of hadith, along with the chapters on Ibadat, trade and commerce, marriage and divorce, are to be found the chapters on riya’ (show off) takabbur, akhlaq, etc. These commands are as much a mandatory requirement as the ones dealing with external deeds. Its focus is tahzeebe akhlaq or the adornment of character; its motive is the attainment of Divine pleasure; its method is total obedience to the commands of the Shariah.

Sufism traces its origin precepts to Hazarat Mohammed (PBUH) through his cousin and son-in-law, first Imam and 4th Caliph of Islam Hazrat Ali (KAW). There is only one connection ‘Naqshbandiya’ which claims its origin to Hazrat Abu Bakar, the 1st Caliph of Islam. According to great Iranian scholar Abu Rayhan Albiruni, the ‘Sufi’ word is derived from the Greek word ‘Sofia’ meaning wisdom. The Sufi practiced asceticism and shunned the pomp and pursuit of pleasure flouted by Umayyad, Abbasi, Khilji and Toughlaq dynasties. They never preferred the company of feudal aristocrats for pleasure.

Today the picture of gun-totting terrorists, bombs and preachers-of-hate is in absolute contrast to the cool, inspiring, loving, smiling and reassuring images that conjure up when we remember Nund Reshi, Lalleshwar or Dehat Bibi, the saints of Kashmir Valley.

Pass through a cent per cent Non-Muslim locality and hark the melodious renditions of folk singers reciting:

“Chap tilak sab cheeni, baat ajab keh dini, mohe suhagan keenhi, monse nayna milayke…….”

(The eyes met and I gave up all the symbols of faith, my beloved spoke some enchanted words and made me a bride). You instantly knew the creator of these words – Ameer Khusrau.

Visit any dargah in your town when you feel exhausted and need some urgent peace of mind and the sacred ambience, the Qawaals will be there to welcome you with “Haideriyam Qalandram mastam, banda-ey Murtaza Ali hastam, Peshway tammam rindanam, ke sag-e-kooye-Yazdanam” (I’m a mendicant of Haider’s order, I’m a pure disciple of Ali Murtaza, who is the leader of all the Universe. I’m the dog of the lane of Mustafa (PBUH).)

Tasawwuf is the soul of Islam. Its function is to purify the heart from the lowly bestial attributes of lust, calamities of the tongue, anger, malice, jealousy, love of the world, love of fame, niggardliness, greed, ostentation, vanity, deception, etc. At the same time it aims at the adornment of the heart with the lofty attributes of repentance, perseverance and.

In India the concept of Tasawwuf is followed and practiced in different forms and different schools. They are not radically different from each and a subtle nuance of names categorizes them as beautiful branches of the same spiritual plant that shades over the schism that prevails  in basics of belief. I am giving below the most popular schools of Tasawwuf.

Chishtiyyah:

The Chishtiyya order emerged out of Central Asia and Persia. The first saint was Abu Ishaq Shami (d.940–41 A.D.) establishing the Chishti order in Chisti Sharif within Afghanistan. The notable saint Moinuddin Chisti (d. 1236 A.D.) has championed this order within India, making it one of the largest orders in India today. Scholars also mentioned that he had been a part-time disciple of Abu Najib Suhrawardi. Khwaja Moiuddin Chishti was originally from Sistan (eastern Iran, southwest Afghanistan) and grew up as a well traveled scholar to Central Asia, Middle East, and South Asia.[He reached Delhi in 1193 A.D. during the end of Ghurid reign, then shortly settled in Ajmer-Rajasthan when the Delhi Sultanate formed. Moinuddin Chishti’s Sufi and social welfare activities dubbed Ajmer the “nucleus for the Islamization of central and southern India.” The Chishti order formed KHANQAH to reach the local communities, thus helping Islam spread with charity work. Islam in India grew with the efforts of dervishes, not with violent bloodshed or forced conversion. Until this day, both Muslims and non-Muslims visit the famous tomb of Moinuddin Chishti; it has become even a popular tourist and pilgrimage destination. Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar (d. 1605 A.D.), the 3rd Mughal ruler frequented Ajmer as a pilgrim, setting a tradition for his constituents. Successors of Khwaja Moinudden Chishti include eight additional saints; together, these names are considered the big eight of the medieval Chishtiyya order. Moinuddin Chisti (d. AD 1233 in Ajmer, India), Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki (d. AD 1236 in Delhi, India), Fariduddin Ganjshakar (d. AD 1265 in Pakpattan,Pakistan), Nizamuddin Auliya (d. AD 1335 in Delhi), Nasiruddin Chiragh Dehalvi, Bande Nawaz (d. AD 1422 in Gulbarga, India), Akhi Siraj Aaine Hind (d. 1357 in Bengal India, Alaul Haq Pandavi and Ashraf Jahangir Semnani (d. AD 1386, Kichaucha India).

Suhrwardiyyah:

The founder of this order was Abdul-Wahir Abu Najib as-Suhrawardi (d. 1168 A.D.). He was actually a disciple of Ahmed Ghazali. The teachings of Ahmad Ghazali led to the formation of this order. This order was prominent in medieval Iran prior to Persian migrations into India during the Mongol Invasion. Consequently, it was Abu Najib as-Suhrawardi’s nephew that helped bring the Suhrawardiyyah to mainstream awareness.

Naqshbandiyyah

The origin of this order can be traced back to Khwaja Ya‘qub Yusuf al-Hamadani (d. 1390 A.D. ), who lived in Central Asia. It was later organized by Bahauddin Naqshband (b. 1318–1389 A.D.) of Tajik and Turkic background. He is widely referred to as the founder of the Naqshbandi order. Khwaja Muhammad al-Baqi Billah Berang (d. 1603 A.D.) introduced the Naqshbandiyyah to India. This order was particularly popular Mughal elites due to ancestral links to the founder, Khawja al-Hamadani. Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty in 1526 A.D., was already initiated in the Naqshbandi order prior to conquering India. This royal affiliation gave considerable impetus to the order.

Qadiriyyah

The Qadiriyyah order was founded by Abdul Qadir Gilani who was originally from Iran (d. 1166 A.D.).[ It is popular among the Muslims of South India. As a widespread order, the Qadiriyyah had a prominent sheikh in India. Muhammad Mayan Mir (d. 1635 A.D.) was a famous scholar known for significant non-Muslim tolerance and community service work. Worlds largest religious organisation Dawate-E-Islami also belongs to the Qadiriyyah order whose founder was Moulana Ilyas Qadri.

Sufism helped the assimilation of the Afghani Delhi Sultanate rulers within mainstream society. By building a syncretic medieval culture tolerant and appreciative of non-Muslims, they contributed to the growth of stability, vernacular literature, and devotional music in India. Literature related to monotheism and the Bhakti movement also formed syncretic influences in history during the Sultanate period. Sufi scholars traveling from all over continental Asia were instrumental in the social, economic, and philosophic development of India. Besides preaching in major cities and centers of intellectual thoughts, Sufis reached out to poor and marginalized rural communities and preached in local dialects such as Urdu, Sindhi, Panjabi versus Persian, Turkish, and Arabic. Their teachings of humanity, love for God and Prophet (PBUH) continue to be surrounded by mystical tales and folk songs today. Sufis were firm in abstaining from religious and communal conflict and strived to be peaceful elements of civil society. Furthermore, it is the attitude of accommodation, adaptation, piety, and charisma that continues to help Sufism remain as a pillar of mystical Islam in India.

The History of Hazarat Shahwilayat:

To begin with, very few history books are available in India now where he is mentioned in any form in relation to larger SUFI Movement of India. Perhaps, his father was shy of éclat and preferred the ascetic life of Amroha which was often referred as Qasba Azizpore in those days. He didn’t make Delhi or any royal city of his final abode. There is no provision of SAJJADA NASHEENI in his hierarchy that is so common and necessary in Sufi Schools. One can safely conclude that he had a limited spiritual domain and he loved the simple life of towns and villages.

He was the son of Mira Ali Buzurg who was a learned scholar. His mother’s name was ‘Umme Habeeba’ and she was the daughter of Syed Abdul Moueed Ali. Syed Jalaluddin Haider Surkh Posh, the famous saint of earlier Muslim Indian Sultanete, was the real brother of Bibi Umme Habiba.

The parents of Shahwilayat were direct descendents of Imam Ali al-Naqi al-Hadi (AS) – the 10 th Imam. Imam’s period coincides with the rule of Abbasids – AlWathiq and Al Mutawakkil. These rulers were jealous of Imam’s reverence, popularity an following among ordinary Muslims. He concocted excuses and called Imam from Medina and imprisoned him at Samrrah, Iraq. He achieved martyrdom on 3 rd Rajab 252 AH at the age of 42 years. He left behind five children:
1. Hazrat Imam Hasan (the 11 th Imam)
2. Hazrat Hussain
3. Hazrat Mohammed
4. Hazrat Jafar
5. Bibi Aisha

They migrated to the city of Sauda in Syria and from there to ‘Wasit’ a hamlet in Iraq. This town was established at the bank of River Dajla by Hajjaj Bin Yussuf in 83 AH. After a lapse of considerable time new designs of agriculture and water resources diverted water to other canals and waterways and it resulted in scarcity of water in the town. Political and Administrative frictions compounded and made life unbearable for the descending generations of Syeds of Abbasid Kingdom. Syed Mira Ali Buzurg had three sons and one daughter.
1. Syed Hasan
2. Syed Hussain Shahwilayat
3. Syed Mohammed
4. Bibi Umme Salema

Bibi Umme Salema and Syed Hasan died in childhood. In 662 AH, to avoid the persecution and tyranny of ruler they decided to leave their ancestral lands for the good and migrated to Bhakkar in Multan (now in Pakistan).

And according to many scholars, in the year of 670 AH, 2 nd Zil Hij (corresponding to Wed 29 th June 1272 AD) Hazrat Sharafuddin Shahwilayat, his father Syed Mira Ali Buzurg and his family along with many other members of his family group came to India via Multan and settled in Amroha. It was during the rule of Sultan Ghyasuddin Balban. However, some scholars disagree and claim that in 690 AH, during the rule of Sultan Jalaluddin Firoz Shah Khilji, the family landed in Amroha.

Boy Sharfuddin received his primary education Dars-e-Quarn and Hadith at home and his father was his mentor and tutor. As grown-up he was trained in spiritual disciplines by Syed Jalauddin, Syed Bahuddin – the father-in-law of Syed Jalauddin and Moulana Nasehuddin Suharwardi s / o Qazi Hameeduddin Nagori. The names of Saint Arif Suharwardi and Syed Usman Lal Shahbaz Qalander aka Jhulewala are included in the list of his teachers.

He was assigned the area between River Ganges and Kumayun Hills as his preaching spiritual domain by his spiritual guides. He followed the simple ascetic life and his message was universal love and respect. He was admired and received warmly by the people of all the faiths. The fame of his piety and erudition spread in all the four corners around Amroha.

The famous book of Amrohvi history ‘Tareekh-e-Wastiya’ describes Mohalla PACHDARA as the maiden nest for newly arrived family. He was married to Bibi Kaneez Fatima, the daughter of Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari and they had three children.
1. Syed Mir Ali Buzurg
2. Syed Abdul Aziz
3. Bibi Baqia-ut-tahirah aka Bibi Bakhuhi.

Bibi Bakhuhi was known for her piety,simplicity and devotion to prayers. The grave of Bibi comes your sight when you enter the gate of dargah.

There is no authentic record how long Hazrat Sharfuddin stayed in Amroha and then left for Kumyun Hills for meditation and prayers. His trip to Hills was meant to acquire knowledge and practice Riyazat, Chillakashi and special prayers. It was a sort of specialized spiritual training in splendid isolation. For this reason alone he was also called as PEER PAHARI – The Saint of Hills.

Some chronicles have mentioned about the trees he planted in the hills to support his place of meditation which was similar to MACHAN. He brought back those plants to Amroha when he returned. One of those plants survived and is still believed to be sheltering the shrine. He died on 21 Rajab 739 AH and was buried in Amroha.
He had also performed Haj and stayed in Mecca for 7 years. No dated of departure or arrival for Haj are available.

Syed Mohammed Abdal Dooda Dhari, a close relative of Shahwilayat was one of his appointed subordinate but Syed Sharafuddin instructed to discontinue the practice of baiyat and the system of succession was discarded forever in his lineage. Dooda Dhari Saheb died in 798 AH and all the sacred belongings of Hazrat Sharfuddin were buried with him.

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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O Des Se Aney Wale Bata Kis Hal Men Hain Yaran-e-Watan

A few stray thoughts, a few point of views and few observations, not all my own after my recent Amroha visit. Of course I’m back today !

You know your hometown intimately, and it knows you well.

But there is always the fear. As the date of leaving approaches, you begin to realize just how much of you is based on this town, these people, the familiar streets you walked over and over without ever checking a map. The slangs, the cobbler, the neighborhood uncle with a horse. the references of the shops, the shopkeepers, rickshaw-wallas, tangewalla, the sweepers and the goldsmith, the sweet-maker and the washer-man, your near and dear ones, all those who had been with you some time or other, a set that can never be perfectly reproduced elsewhere — these are all things that crafted your history and, more importantly, what you expect out of life. There is a certain comfort to knowing one’s surroundings intimately, a certainty that lends confidence to whoever experiences it. It’s hard not to feel like the master of some kind of domain when there is not a single nook of your territory you haven’t explored.

But, as the time curls fast and the people you knew in your childhood disappeared for ever or almost in the process of disappearing, a visit to the home town in no more a pleasure but a nightmare. Very few know you now by name. Those who could have remembered are already suffering from the losses of memory and vision. Now no more Nemat Ullah uncle on his horse back to welcome you when your carriage would take a turn to the lane that leads to your house.
A heavy load of sweet-bitter memories and no one to share.

Waqt kisi ka intizar naheen karta aour mera watan Amroha koi exception naheen hai !

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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“Moradabadi Darwazah” Tumhari Dastan tak bhee na hogi dastanon mein….

Moradabadi Darwazah – It is an inadvertent monument of apathy, ignorance and indifference of our community.

Moradabadi Darwaza

Moradabadi Darwaza

Whenever I pass under the ramshackle arches, through the rabble of ‘Morabadi Darwazah’ I can’t help remember Allama Iqbal.

‘Kuch jo samjha mere shikwey ko to Rizwan samjha, mujhko jannat se nikala hua insaan samjah.’ Rizwan alone, my plaintive voice began to recognize. He knew for a human who has lost his paradise.

“Naaz hai taqat-e-guftar pe insano ko, baat karne ka saleeqah naheen insano ko.” That they are alone and blest with speech how proud these humans be, yet, ignorant, they lack the art to use it gracefully.

“Woh bhee din the ke yehi maya-e-ranai tha, Nazish-e-mousam-gul Lala-e-sahrai tha.” The tulips of wilds once reigned the queen of blossom time. In this once lay the quintessence of loveliness sublime.

“Kis qadar garan tumhen subah ke bedari hai, Hum se kab pyar tumhen neend tumhen pyari hai.” To pray to Me at the break of the day you now an ordeal deem, your morning slumber sweeter far-yet you would faithful seem.

“Jin ko aata naheen duniya men koi fun tum ho, Naheen jis qoum ko parvah-e-nasheman tum ho.” You love your home the least among the nations of the earth, you are the most incompetent in knowledge and in worth.

The following lines may not be pleasant to read and might fail to meet the merits of historian. However, these are like a clarion call for the progeny of Hazrat Syed Mohammed Meer Adl. I hope and pray that they would listen to me in the most positive spirits. Today when I go towards that side I just go to attend the wedding parties which are organized at the outskirts of the town at an ornate, magnificent sprawling banquet hall. I try to recall the bygone history the glittering past and present apathy that cries with the bellowing winds – it was once the Shah Rah of our azamat.

Half of the descendents of Meer Adl have migrated to Pakistan or other western countries. Still there is a huge population that claims its roots with Meer Adl. Their fathers and grand fathers made the conscious and wise decision to remain rooted and be a part of vibrant, secular and forward looking nation – INDIA. By the Grace of God, on either side of divide, they are a lot highly educated, sophisticated and well organized. Their prosperity makes it incumbent upon them to save their rich heritage. For a moment my heart sinks as I stop near the tablet that is fixed at the gate’s left pillar. It reads something as follows:

“Allah-o-Akabar. Der Ehd-e-Sultan Aleeshan Sahib Quran sani ShahabUddin Shah Jahan Padshah-e-Ghazi Khul Allah malaka Siyadat maab Meeran Abdul Majid ein Qilla bana namood.”

And the couplet which describes the rest of the details:

“Shood ein Qilla khor mee afza-ey, Khoob-o-mazboot-o-khas-o-mustehkam,
Khwastam saal eish az dabeer khurd, Guft bashumar Qilla-e-khuram.”
Ba ehtamam-e-bandaey Kamal Khan Khanzad Shahar-e-Ramazan-ul-mubarak 1052 memariyan Syed Abdul Majid.

It would be an insult to the erudition of denizens of the town if I have to tell, even after describing all details mentioned above, who built the Qill-e-alia. Suffice to say : Kamal Khan was the civil engineer. To wind up the story I must remind that a new market in the fort was added by Dewan Syed Mehmood Saheb who was the close descendent of Meer Adl. That market has survived the twists and turns of history and still remains as the thriving business space a throbbing commerce center. It is known as BARA BAZAR. It is also important to note that even in the difficult period of Shahan Shah Aourengzeb, and even after him, the descendents of Meer Adl occupied important positions at the royal courts.

Another gate of the fort CHANGA DARWAZA is lost for ever in new ugly haphazard concrete jungle and a motley crowd inhabits those places that were once the private payen baghs, bara dares, zanan kanas, adalats and khilwats of Sadat.

Today the tumble down ruins, the discreditable building, an eyesore for the passers-by ‘Moradabadi Darwazah’ is begging you, beseeching the progeny of Syed Mohammed Meer Adl, the descendents of Dewan Syed Mehmood in particular and Sadat-e-Uzzam in general to do something to salvage the remnants of forgotten grandeur. Bury your blotted egoes, sit down together, join heads, talk among yourselves, discuss with local and state authorities; go to INTACH and leave no stone unturned to save your glorious past.

Is anybody listening !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Amroha and The Patriotic Uprising 1857

It was a bolt from the blue. Order to use Enfield rifle with the greased Cartridge did hurt deeply the feelings of both Muslims and Hindu soldiers. They refused to fire the bullet. The spark of the unfired bullet caused an explosion that ballooned up in the form of Mutiny 1857. Invariably it failed to change the course of history but added a glorious chapter of sacrifice, valor and love for the motherland.

On the 11 th day of May 1857, sixteenth of Ramadan, rebel soldiers from Meerut landed in Delhi and were joined by Delhi regiments. Soon the walled city of Delhi was on fire. The jubilant deserters  were furiously looking for their white masters and putting them to sword. This evening Delhi was in control of Indians. True, there was loot and plunder all over the Moughal capital. By midnight a 21- gun salute from Royal Moughal Cannon announced the restoration of Moughal Empire. Bhahdur Shah Zafar was declared as the Commander-in Chief of Rebel forces. It was a new dream – a beginning of a new end.

The ripples of rebellion reached the shores of Amroha by 12 th May. There were three British officers posted in Moradabad region namely C.B. Saunders – the magistrate, J.J. Compbell – Joint magistrate and J Cracroft Wilson – the judge. Gursahay Jat was the Nazir in Collector’s office. Mr. Wilson was there in Amroha for 17 years. He was well posted in local affairs.

Please note that this scribe, by no means, is trying to produce a scholarly document that would satisfy the masters of historiography. This narration may or may not conform to the merits of experts. It is a simple narration as I read and heard in my journey to explore my roots. It is a short story of valiant attempts of ordinary Amrohvis who fought against the most powerful state  upon earth of their time.

The ancient Moughal capital was under intense turmoil now. News of rebellion at capital had warmed the blood of simple denizens of Amroha. On 17 th May 1857, the descendants of Dewan Syed Mehmood and Durwesh Ali Khan Saheb called a meeting of important dignitaries of the town inside the Dargah of Syed Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat. Public  gathered patiently outside the wall of dargah to learn the decision made by 30 city fathers. Majority of leaders wanted to stand up against the Raj and capture the reins of local administration. Some participants advised to use discretion, wait and watch. The decision to rebel against the usurpers was taken by majority vote and the meeting called off. On 19 th May mutineers broke the central jail of Moradabad and freed all the prisoners. Syed Gulzar Ali was the proud leader and commander of Amroha-Uprising. He arrived at Amroha with a group of freed prisoners. People gathered at short notice in the courtyard of Syed Ramzan Ali (Mohalla Katra) to chalk out the future strategy. Another meeting followed at the residence of another Ramazan – Sheikh Ramazan Ali (Moh Darbar Kalan). The clarion call was made there. The die was cast. Amroha was now a city of rebellion. Meer Madad Ali  and Shahmat Khan were Thanedar and  Jamadar of police department respectively at that time.

The appeal of Syed Gulzar Ali inspired thousands of young men and an ill equipped army of amateur soldiers attacked the police station and Tehsil of the town. Seventeen thousand rupees were confiscated from the government treasury. Thana and Tehsil were razed and put on fire. Many police officers were gunned down. Their graves are still lying undisturbed opposite the building of Old Thana near Mohalla Kali Pagri. Amroha was now in the hands of mutineers. The town munsif Saad Ullah Khan was rescued by Ali Muzaffar Khan who brought him home with his office.

This uprising is also the story of our weakness, disunity and conflicting motivations. It is also  the story of ordinary mortals caught in an extraordinary situation. It is story of human greed. It is a story of Jaichands and Meer Jafers.

On 25 th May 1857, Wilson arrived with a strong force that ruthlessly crushed the nascent revolt. The leaders of local revolution had to beat the retreat. They went underground.  The houses of Syed Gulzar Ali and other freedom fighters were razed to ground. The dream of freedom ended in smoke.

Government promoted Gursahay Jat as Chief Administrator and Amroha was given in care of a  Rampur Royal Nawab Abdul Ali Khan to soften the bruised contours of proud Amrohvis. Gursahay was rewarded a big Jageer (11 villages) by British masters. He was given the title Raja and there after referred officially as Raja Gursahay.

What followed later was a bloody, vicious and awful suppression. Heaps of dead bodies scattered around the police stations and streets. Homes were broken down and sacked. The ordinary town folk were falling victims of British ire. It took another 90 tediously long years to write the new chapter.

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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The Bridge Over the River Sot

Once upon a time, many years ago, in fact around fifty years ago, Amroha was a beautiful town of  mango and guava orchards, lush green fields, holy dargahs, ancient temples, caravan sarias, takias, khanqahs, wonderful lakes and enchanting pools. People used to enjoy their morning and evening walks at Lipton Road known as Thandi Sarak (Winter Street). The life was simple – no big frills attached. You would see a lot of  amateur fishermen sitting patiently by the lake side with their fishing rods dangled in silent water, waiting for the catch. Now, all those pastimes are gone forever. As the generations pass their stories and memoirs can no longer be heard. Only a few stories of human interest, bits of wisdom, family histories and humorous happenings are left for future generations to enjoy. However, two lines are common in all of them: Amroha is situated at the banks of River Sot. Amroha is located near the River Sot. Unfortunately that river does no longer exist. There is no water; the river bed is a parched dry land. There stands a lonely bridge that reminds a gruesome old story.
Hundred years  back a train fell into the river as the bridge caved in. All the travelers were killed.

Several images conjure up when someone asks you to remember the childhood. Every one of us has too many wonderful stories and memoirs to narrate if someone touches the emotional cord. According to individual psychology people don’t recall the events that happened to them correctly but they recall them in a way that best describes their subconscious state of mind. As a child we wanted to grow up but now we realize that broken toys and lost pencils were much better than broken heart and lost friends.

This one is a blast from past.

I can still vividly recollect the distant sound of train gracefully passing over the solitary bridge of River Sot in the dark nights. The trundling sound was gentle and often furious. I would get up in my bed and ask my father, “Why the whistle of the engine is so strident? Why the train makes so much sound when it passes over the bridge?” My father was a systematic man who would never get irritated with my most idiotic questions. He would promise me to give the answer in the morning and instruct me to sleep.”

“The train moves against the wind. First, it’s the wind that generates the sound. Second, the sound is due to stress which is created between the wheels of train and iron track. Third, the vibrations of the compartments also create noise. The combined effect is that intensity increases aided with the water below the bridge. Vibrations are absorbed by the earth when the train moves on track on the land. I don’t have to explain the noise of the whistle.” Since my childhood the technical explanation often helped me in winning appreciation of my peers and the admiration of elders – a reason to remember my father in difficult times.

Drina River, Serbia

Drina River in Serbia.

Tower Bridge spans over River Thames in London. It is the only bridge in the world which could be raised from its middle section to permit the large vehicles to pass through it. There is another bridge which always brings back the memories of distant past – “The Bridge On the River Drina.” It was built  by Mehmed Pasa Sokolovic. Construction of this bridge began in 1566 A.D. and it took five years to finish it. It connected Sarajevo pashaluk (the territory of present day Bosnia and Herzegovina) to rest of the Turkish Empire. He was a Serbian child and was taken away from his mother as a part of levy by the Turkish rulers. His mother followed him wailing until they reached the river where they parted and the boy boarded the ferry. This boy, in the years that  followed, showed extraordinary talents. In due course of time he became the Grand Muslim Vazir. He assumed the name – Mohammed Pasha Sokolovik. Yet, his childhood memories had always haunted him and he ordered to build a bridge at the specific spot where he was snatched away from his mother.

Sot River has no such rich past to boast. The bridge over the River Sot was built by Britishers.

Come Shab-e-barat and groups of believers would walk down the river front, early in the morning, to plop into the water an AREEZA from the bridge – a kind of written supplication to Living Imam. There would be lots of fireworks by the river side and prizes were often awarded for the best firework. All is gone now into folk- lore. Now, no one visits Sot for spiritual reasons. The story of ‘tragedy- of-Sot’ had been kept alive by stray Dastango – the traditional itinerant story tellers.

Long before the advent of theaters and films, the minstrels used to practice this medieval art of story- telling. They would engage the public at street corners with stories of adventures, romances, tragedies, djins, fairies and prophesies. A baton in the right hand and a wrist full of iron bangles was the instrument to provide the background music. “Dastan Ameer Hamza” was one the favorite topic.

The narration of the tragedy of River Sot was so impinged upon my memory screen that I have carried it all thorough my life. According to Dastango, the river looked best at dawn. It was the time the train met its preordained  fate. Sit down under the bridge even today and you couldl hear the cries of unfortunate travelers. Listen to the faint whistle of train and you won’t miss the last shriek of Hameeda – the unfortunate groom who had rebelled against society to marry a craft- man who was lower in ranks. The first time she was going her Susral. The couple had put on their wedding dress. As the train slipped down every traveler including the newly wedded couple  disappeared into ocean and with them died the dreams and ambitions of that great caravan.

The story had some unbelievable segments but it was always listened in pin drop silence with awe and agony. Absolute concentration was the name of the game.

I can recollect just one couplet of dastango:

“Sot naddi pa mehshar bapa ho gya,
Bhai se bhai juda ho gya.”

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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AMRO TALE NO. 4 (The Salvation Isle- Amroha)

ILMOTEHZEEBO TAMADDON KA GAHVARA HAI AMROHA,

JAZEERA HE TAHARAT  KA MAH-E-PARA HAI AMROHA.

 

HUM IS PE NAZ KARTE HAIN KE HUM HAIN IS SE VABASTA,

JO KARTA HO ZAHEN ROSHAN VO OJYARA HAI AMROHA.

 

HAWAIN IS JAZEERE MAIN VADI-E-AYMUN SE AATI HAIN,

HAQ KA HAMDAM VO BATIL KO SHARARA HAI AMROHA.

 

ISEY MARKAZ KAHAIN TEHZEEB KA TO KIYA GHALAT HOGA,

HOSN-E-SALOOK-O-PIYAAR KA DHAARA HAI AMROHA.

 

MOKHTASARAN AY KALEEM SAB YEHI MAHSOS KARTE HAIN,

KOI TO BAAT HAI KE SABKO IS QADAR PIYARA HAI AMROHA.

Undoubtedly the earlier Amrotales have given the short references of a large number of charismatic personalities while merely the paragraphs or pages or chapters are insufficient for each of them. Not the single book but many volumes of the books would be formed for each of them to encompass the qualitative merits and submission to the Almighty God .They all possessed  a powerful  intellect beyond our imagination to put the knowledge and intelligence to practice the life. They gave the lesson how to hold the mind under perfect control to command our actions to spell the success and peace in life.

 

The cultural history of Amroha shows strong threads of unity running through the infinite multiplicity that was not fabricated by pressure of power-stakeholders or by stress. Amroha’s unity, intimacy and equality were established by the foresightedness and saintliness of great personalities and by their vigil sensibility and intellectuality. Their speculation and vision of reform were open ended and broad .Moreover, the imagination of poets and artists, learned doctors, engineers and scientists engineered the network of cordial connections between all the communities not only in Amroha or nearby but among entire human society of the world.

It would be undoubtedly an uphill task to even narrate the names of such superb persons of Amroha who sophistically engineered the society of Amroha. Besides a number of earlier references some of other great personalities around 19th century are Maulana Janab Najmul Hasan Taqvi Sahib (Najmul Millat Sahib), Maulana Janab Aulad Hasan Saleem Sahib, Janab Vakeel Hizabbar Ali Sahib, Janab Aaley Ahmad Naim Amrohvi Sahib(the writer of a big deewan of books, monajats,qasaids ,nohas, marsiyas etc. as Fasana-e –Mehsher,Jannatul Naim , Taqdisul Naim , Baqiyatul Naim , Istaghasa, Rozatul Naim and  Aaftab-e-Wilayat etc.),  Haji Mortaza Husain Sahib, Maulana Yosuf Husain Sahib (Yosuf-ul- Hindi s/o Haji Mortaza Husain Sahib), MOSHAFI AMROHVI SAHIB ,Zaman Amrohvi Sahib, Ali Nazar Amrohi Sahib, Girdhari Lal Turz Amrohi Sahib, S. Haider Husain Yatka Amrohi Sahib (1805-1845), S. Jawad Husain Shamin Amrohi Sahib (1838-1913) etc. etc. In 20th century Janab Manzar Amrohvi Sahib, Maulana Naseem Hasan Hilal Sahib, Allama Shafeeque Hasan Ailia Sahib, then after Maulana Ibadat Sahib Kaleem{S.Husain Akhtar Sahib – Imam-e-juma o jamat) Maulana Basheer Hasan sahib (founder of Aaley Ahmad Girls School as Madarsa-e Niswan that came in existence on 1st July 1922 with the Inchargeship of Mohtarama Safdari Begum through Master Mahmood Hasan Bolandshehri with her acceptance ofRs. 22.00 per month with the facility of residence  and the Madarsa- Niswan started in the Porani Haveli of Janab Aaley Ahmad Sahib Naim.Mohtarama Tahira Khatoon  urf Taro was appointed as QuramShareef Teacher at Rs.8.00 per month and till then the number of students studying Maths,Drawing ,Urdu and QuranShareef . Then it was shifted at Imam Bargah Dost Ali Sahib, Katkoin in June  1924 when it was adopted by Janab Aaley Ahmad Sahib Mohalla Katkoin after a meeting  of a number of peoples of our community at the residence of Khan Bahadur Syed Nabi Hadi Sahib}. Moiaulana safi Mortaza Sahib, Maulana Sabir Husain Sahib, Maulana Mohd. Nabi Sahib, Sikandar Husain Faheem Sahib (1910-1977) and S. Qayam Raza Naseem (………….   to     28/2/1987) were the prominent leading personalities to architect a beautiful and value oriented society .Imam Ali Khan Nazish Sahib went to Pak and worked at very high ranks of Communist Party and the Pak Government kept him in jail many times] and Jon Amrohvi Sahib (whose two collections SHAYAD and YANI have been published) can never be fainted on canvas of architectures of Amrohvi society and the future generations cannot forget their selfless services to unite, educate and reform the culture to create equality and freedom for making well educated and civilized nation of high morals. Maulana Mohd. Shakir Razmi Sahib has also been serving the society by his best guidance and teachings.

Sarkar Najmul Olama Najmul Hasan Taqvi or Najmul Millat Sahib was born on 25th May 1863, 6th ZillHij 1279 Hijri. He was the son of Syed Akbar Husain Taqvi Amrohvi. He was out and out without doubt a charismatic personality in Islamic world of knowledge, he was Faqih of top rank and the guardian of Jamia Nizamia, Lucknow. He was contemporary of Ayatullah Al Uzma Syed Kazim Tabatabai Yazdi, Shaikh Ziauddin Al Iraqi and Aytullah Syed Abul Hasan Isfahani. His world famous disciples are

Janab Molana Hafiz Farman Ali Sahib who translated the Quran in Urdu,

Molana S. Sibt-e-Hasan Naqvi Sahib,Molana S. Mohd. Haroon Sahib,

Molana S. Mohd. Dawood Sahib,Hafiz Kifayat Husain Sahib,

Molana S. Adil Akhtar Sahib,Molana Mufti Jafar Husain Sahib etc.

 

He left no stone unturned to propagate and create awareness of divine mission of Allah by deputing his trained learned missionaries even in Tibbet, Barma, Africa and western countries.

Son in law of Najmul Millat Sahib was Molana S. Nasir Husain Abidi s/o Molana Jawad Husain Abidi who was also a great authority in Islam philosophy. Father in law of Najmul Millat Sahib was Mofti Mohd. Abbas Shooshtri Al Jazairi s/o Molana Neymatulah Jazairi disciple of Allama Mujlisi Molana S. Mohommad , the author of the book Shariyat-ul-Islam and the founder of MADRASATOL WALZEEN LUCKNOW and Molana Syed Kazim were two sons of Njmul Millat Sahib. Allama S. M. Sadiq Sahib s/o Molana s.Kazim Sahib grand son of Janab Najmul Millat Sahib translated the QURAN Shareef , Nahjul Balagha and Saheefa-e-Kamila in Urdu. Allama Syed. Mohd. Mohsin s/o Molana Syed Kazim Sahib s/o Najmol Millat Sahib composed urdu poetic version of the translation of the Quran. On the other hand Molana Mohd. Razi s/o Molana syed Mohommad Sahib s/o Najmul Millat sahib was a famous aalim and faqih in Pakistan while his broter Molana Zaki preached at Lucknow for the sake of humanity . Meer Anees, Mirza Dabeer , Mirza Ghalib also reversed in Shamsol Olama Janab Najmul Millat Sahib. He has been the light house for generations. All the Amrohvis are proud of him as he was the glittering star of Amroha. He left this world for his divine journey on 18th April 1938 i.e. 17 Safar 1351 Hijri (Friday).

If we see the contribution of Molana Aulad Hasan Saleem Sahib we will find that he was at the top rank of Fiqh (knowledge of rules and regulations of Islamic contribution) during his period he was not only Imam-e-Jamat but treasure of literary and poetic humour. His physical beauties were highly praise worthy. He was adored by all communities because of his infinite saintliness , vigil sensibility and broad mindedness in visions. He was a top Islami Jurist. He was a figure of pride even for his contemporary Aalims. He was the son of Molana Ibadat (first)  who was a great scholar, philosopher of humanity and great Aalim- ba- Amal. Molana Aulad Hasan Sahib s/o Molana Mohd. Ibadat (first) s/o S. Mohd. Nijabat sb. s/o S. Mohd. Shafat Sb. s/o Abdul Wali got the intellectual beauty, literary ability, poetic imagery and musical harmony all along his royal ancestral mansabdari. (Lordship of spacific estate and command of platoon of solders) S. Abdl Wali Amrohvi s/o S. Abdl Jobbar was a famous brave Mansabdar in the period of Shahjahan while S. Abdl Jaled f/o S. Abdul Jabbar and one out of 8 sons of S. M. Mobarak I was a great mansabdar during King Akbar. He had a strong, mascular and huge built. Syed Mohd. Meer Mubarak was the bother of S. Mohd. Meer Adl (chief justice in the court of Akbar but due to oppositions of views in the matter of Deen-e-Ilahi, Akbar sent him to the state of Sindh who was also a royal mansabdar of chahar sadi zaat thee hundred soldiers. S. Meer Abdl Wali coined the name Mohalla Mohd. Shafaat for the sake of his son Syed Mohd. Shafaat . Molana Mohd. Ibadat Sahab was born on 6th February 1911 in a prominent family of Islamic Scholars of Amroha.MOLANA HUSAIN AKHTAR SAHIB (MOLANA IBADAT SAHIB KALEEM ) was lone male child of his parents . His mother was third wife of Molan Aulad Hasan Sahib. His father died when he was of 9 years. There was neither any elder brother nor any real uncle. Janab Haji Mortaza Husain Sahib acceptedhis guardianship like his own son.His early education  was in Noorol Madaris Amroha then he went to Mansabya Meerut for higher studies under the guardianship of  Molana Yosuf Husain Sahib. When Molana Yosuf became dean of Shia Thiology at A.M.U. Aligarh,Molana Ibadat Sahib left MANSABYA and returned to Amroha for a short period.Haji Mortaza Husain Sahib sent him to Nazmia Lucknow for further studies.He lived in Madrasatol Waizeen and studied in Nazmia. In 1932 he came back to Amroha after completion of his education and took the responsibility of Imam-e Juma-o-Jamaat. He died on 22nd October 1989 due to some heart problem.

Kiya gozar jaigi qatray pa gohar honay tak,

Yani onki nigah-e-lotf idhar honay tak.

Molana S.M.Ibadat Kaleem s/o Molana AULAD HASAN Saleem s/o Molana mohammad Hasan (Aalim and Hakeem ) s/o Molana Mohd.Siyadat s/o Molana Mohd Ibadat first s/o Molana S. Mohd. Nijabat s/o Molana S. Mohd. Shafaat s/o Meer S. Abdl Wali s/o Syed Abdul Jabbar s/o S. Abdl Jaleel s/o Meer Syed Mobarak s/o Meer S. Montajib II s/o Syed Chand s/o Syed Baday s/o S. Montajib I s/o Syed Rajay s/o Meer Abdl Azeez younger sonn of Syed Sharafuddin Shahvilayat.

 

When Molana Mohd. Ibadat Sahib was of only nine years he could get the inspiration and protection under the guardianship of Molana Murtaza Husain Sahib who was the principal of Noorul Madaris  Amroha. IN 1928 Haji Mortaza Husain sent Molana Ibadat Kaleem to Nizamia, Luckow for higher education under the guardianship of Sarkar Najmul Olama Najmul Millat Sahib. Most of the saint sufis specially in India conceived of and preached divine unity, in terms of idealistic monism . The greatest attraction for all the peoples was the well disciplined coordination between the individuals of all communities influenced by the Islamic philosophy of justice and equality for which Amroha then Lucknow were certainly at first in the priority list of social and intellectual values. No doubt Moshafi Amrohvi was the strong bridge between the literary schools of thoughts of Amroha and Lucknow but Jamia Nazmia Lucknow and Mardasol Waizeen Lucknow were the strong pillors of divine unity, social integrity and Islamic philosophy. Acholars , saints,generals and statesmen were attracted by Amroha and Lucknow  as iron fillings by magnet.

20th century was started with multidimentional exposure of poetic talent. Montazir Amrohvi, Molana Naseem Hasan Hilal and Allama Shafique Hasan Ailiya and other prominent socio-spiritual philosophers followed and reformed the harmony of 19th century. Janab Abdul Raof Amrohvi, Janab Saifi Amrohvi,Hakeem Kalb-e-Ali Sahib, Janab Mohammad Mehdi Raise Amrohvi, Janab Mokhtar Husain Taban Amrohvi ( Editor of NIDA-E-HIND newspaper) and Naseem Amrohvi Sahib decorated the poetry by more and more  more value oriented aspects. Jon Ailiya Sahib Jon Amrohvi adored the poetry by inserting more direct and philosophical depth to the composition. As 20th century was the golden period of poetry for Amroha, no poetic skill could be left unused to its all possible stretch. Molana Husain Akhtar Sahib (Molana Ibadat Kaleem) was the great architect of not only Islamic character of society but of socio-intellectual bondings through the strong threads of his powerful poetry and harmonic balance in components of 20th century society.

“Ai kash kay hasil rahe mojhko ye fazilat,

Ta zeest bora chahne walon se nibahon.

                                          **

 

“CHASHM-E-ASHIQ KO KAHIN DEED KA YARA TO MILA,

CHAHE AADHA HE SAHI KOI ISHARA TO MILA,

DOOBNE WALE KO TINKE KA SAHARA KAFI,

DOOBNE WALE KO TINKE KA SAHARA To MILA.”

He was a great a great Islamic scholar literary philosopher and a fantastic craftsman of poetry who used all the shades and colours of human- behaviour in his poetry. His sharp and vigil sense of words, is the ornamental beauty of his poetry, See a couplet –

“BUDHA DE QADAM AUR NATAIJ NA SOCH,

RAH-E-ISHQ ME  BUNKEY DIWANA CHUL ,

CHUL AI DIL BA ANDAAZ-E-RINDANA CHUL,

SO-E-BAZM KHASAN-E-JANANA CHUL .”

THE SALVATION ISLE-AMROHA, AMRO-TALE NO.-3

Syed Kaleem Sibtain Naqvi

“Not gold, but only men can make
A people great and strong-
Men who, for truth and honour’sake
Stand fast and suffer long.
Brave men who work while other sleep,
Who dare while others fly,
They build a natiion’s pillars deep,
And them to the sky”……………………….(R. W. Emerson)

‘’THE WINDS AND THE WAVES ARE ALWAYS ON THE SIDE OF THE ABLEST NAVIGATOR’

Undivided India or BHARAT has the honor to welcome and follow the precious teachings of World’s pioneers of non-violence, like GAUTAM BUDDHA, MAHAVEER, ASHOKA ETC. but also that of HZ. MOHAMMAD MOSTAFA ( S.W.) and Hz. IMAM HUSAIN (A.S.) then-after the other godly-men.

MAHATMA GANDHI, the Father of The Nation, was highly inspired by non-violence and sacrifice of HZ. IMAM HUSAIN to establish the HUMANITY in the world. He got the greatest power of non-violence and sacrifice from the un-comparable source of such energy- HZ.IMAM HUSAIN , and acquiring it ,he could get success to gather the peoples of the same ideology together becoming a strong NON-VIOLENT POWER to set free the country from the torment of shackles of British-slavery. So, the followers of the ultimate – ideals of our ideal godly-men get the divine powers to bring about prosperity and honor to the nation and such followers provided reinforcement to the humanity.

SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB was also one of such pillars of AMROHA who never danced to the tunes that were played by his contemporary tyrannical rulers. He was such an amazing source of non-violence that even the poisonous scorpions do not sting the peoples within the area of his DARGAH and if the snake bites some-one in this area, it’s sacs of venom do not send poisonous matter through its fangs, means,-

EVEN THE CREATURES HAVING THE VENOMOUS NATURE BECOME NON-VIOLENT IN THIS GOD BLESSED AREA OF AMROHA.

A LITTLE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF CONTEMPORARY PERIOD OF SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB-

Syed Sharafuddin Shahvilayat sahib was born in SAHODARA near Lahore in 1252 A.D. and reached AMROHA on 2nd ZILHIJ, 1269 A.D. in the age of 17 years and left this world for everlasting life of heavens on 21st RAJAB, 1382 A.D., so if we deeply go through the metamorphosis of the period, we will find that the entire life of Shahvilayat Sahib acknowledged three dynasties of SALTANATES out of five Sultanate Dynasties ruled in UNDIVIDED INDIA STARTING FROM 12O6 TO 1526 before the battle of PANIPAT in which BABER defeated and killed the LAST SULTAN IBRAHIM LODI on April 20th 1526. That was the time when a number of drastic changes occurred in the entire network of our political, economical and social affairs and values. SYED MOHAMMAD ASHRAF TAQVI was given the title of DANISHMAND by the MOGHAL EMPEROR BABER. Most probably the mosque of Mohalla Shaikh Saddo which is now almost a deserted structure was also built by the instructions of BABER near the raised centre of town Amroha.

ARRIEVAL OF SYED MOHAMMAD ASHRAF DANISHMAND TO AMROHA-

How can the contribution of such a great scholar descendant of Hz. Imam Mohammad Taqi be neglected who came to INDIA during the Emperor Baber’s rule from SUBZWAR and first settled in ZAIDPUR near Amroha but the strong spiritual force of attraction of AMROHA brought him to Amroha where the area of present DANISHMANDAN is there. He was the man of powerful intellect to put the knowledge and intelligence quickly to practical use in life. He promoted the awareness in the society that intellectuality must be the part and parcel of our practical life and mare intelligence is ineffective to achieve the aim of life. It looks that the world today has come in the state of chaos due to perversion in human development where all intelligence is there but no intellect which is obviously visible everywhere. Now we can see that even highly educated persons are not in perfect equilibrium, either they are short tempered, succumb to worry and anxiety or are involved in other extravagances. SYED MOHAMMAD ASHRAF TAQVI SAHIB was so much intellectually intelligent that the MOGHAL EMPEROR BABER honored him the title “DANISHMAND’’ and so the area where he settled in Amroha was called as DANISDMANDAN. Now his descendants have been proving the meaning of the title by getting the world-wide fame by their intellectual contribution not only in literary field but also in all the other sphere of life in INDIA and abroad.

“INTELLECTUAL BEAUTY IS, INDEED, THE HIGHEST KIND OF BEAUTY” ……(C.V.RAMAN)

Now again I am coming to the historical background , I would like here to produce a clear picture of Sultanates ruling in India, around the period of Syed Sharafuddin Shahvilayat Sahib and other contemporary learned saints who adored AMROHA, which affected the culture and traditions at a large scale witnessed by our ancestors and now as a matter of fact we have a vast treasure of our healthy heritage and no doubt, we, all INDIANS have the honor of possessing our most worthy ancient values that have been inspiring the developed and advanced countries for a long time.

MOHAMMAD OF GHOR invaded the INDO-GANGETIC PLAIN during the last quarter of 12th century and conquered – GHAZNI, SINDH, MULTAN, LAHORE and DELHI and the GHORI KUAN at Amroha is one of the witnesses of his regime.

QUTBUDDIN AYBAK a slave of Mohd. Of Ghor proclaimed himself SULTAN OF DELHI in 1206 A.D., which was the beginning of SULTANATE DYNASTIES in INDIA. >>>,then in the beginning of 13th century, a former slave warrior SHAMSUDDIN ILTUMISH became SULTAN OF DELHI from 1211 to 1236 A.D. and after ILTUMISH, his daughter RAZIYA ruled as SULTAN .

Anyway, after RAZIYA SULTAN, GHIYASUDDIN BALBAN, the slave servant of QUTBUDDIN AYBAK became officially SULTAN OF DELHI for the period 1266 to 1290 A.D.

THE DYNASTIES OF SULTANATES:-

Before the first battle of Panipat in which BABER invaded INDIA defeating and killing ABRAHIM LODI on April 20th 1526,there were FIVE DYNASTUES OF SULTANATES and their rulers were called as SULTANS. Syed Sharafuddin Shahvilayat Sahib reached Amroha nearly 270 years earlier than the invasion of Emperor Baber ( 1ST MOGHAL MONARCH).

FIRST DYNASTY (SLAVES) [1206-1290];-

The first dynasty was SLAVE DYNASTY that was in power in INDIA from 1206 to1290 A.D. When Syed Sharafuddin Shahvilayat Sahib reached AMROHA in 1269 A.D., the Sultan from Slave Dynasty ruling in INDIA was GHIYASUDDIN BALBAN whose grave is in Mahroli near Qutab Minar ,was in power from 1266 to1290 A.D.

During 1290 A.D. the slave dynasty came to its’ end with the end of SULTAN KAY QUBADH. SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB reached AMROHA on second Zilhij 1269 A.D. when the LAST FEEBLE SLAVE KING, SULTAN KAY QUBADH was in power for a very short duration and soon disappeared in the fiasco of melting situations to snatch the treasures of Greater India .

SECOND DYNASTY (KHILJIS) [1290-1320];-

The second Dynasty of KHILJIES captured the ruling power from SULTAN BALBAN in 1290 A.D. and the rule of Khilji Dynasty was finished in 1320 A.D. with the beginning of the third Muslim Dynasty 0f TUGHLAQS. SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB was a divine saint so had no links with Sultans of any dynasty while he reached Amroha in 1269 A.D. during the regime of 1st DYNASTY OF slaves.

JALALUDDIN FIROZ KHILJI came in power as SULTAN OF DELHI with the downfall of SLAVE DYNASTY, so, started the KHILJI DYNASTY in the same year 1290 A.D. but all these were immaterial for SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB. FIROZ KHILJI was already an elderly and unpopular Sultan due to closeness of his tribe to the nomadic Afghans. He was unable even to dare to enter his capital because BALBAN’S officers were against him so they revolted.ALI GURSHAP, his nephew and son in law murdered him by the order of his father when he returned in 1296 A.D. successfully repelling two invasions from the MONGOLS.

Ali Gurshap reined for 20 years with the title ALAUDDIN KHILJI ALI GURSHAP (1296 TO 1316 A.D.). He died in early 1316 A.D. The LAST KHILJI SULTAN, Qutbuddin Mubarak Shah Khilji came in power and murdered in 1320 A.D. by his own Chief Minister KHUSRAW KHAN. GHIYASUDDIN TUGHLAQ SHAH -I (1321-1325) The first Sultan of Turkic Tughlaq Dynasty replased KHUSRAW KHAN in the beginning of 1321 A.D. while in Malwas , the ruling house of Khiljis ruled for some time as a remnant token of sultanate. He ruled from 1321 to 1325 A.D. and then MOHAMMAD SHAH –II (1325 to 1351 A.D.) and then MAHMOD IBN-MOHAMMAD (for a month of Mach 1351 A.D.).

THIRD DYNASTY (1320-1413)[TUGHLAQS] ;-

TUGHLAQ DYNASTY remained in power for the longest period in all the five dynasties from 1320 to 1413 A.D., so SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB was also beholding the regimes of GHIYASUDDIN TUGHLAQ –I, from 1321 to 1325 A.D.,MOHAMMAD SHAH TUGHLAQ-II from 1325 to1351, MAHMOD IBN-MOHAMMAD-for March 1351 only and then SULTAN FIROZ SHAH TOGHLAQ got the power to rule INDIA from 1351 to 1388 A.D.

The most talented Tughlaq SULTAN, FIROZ SHAH TUGHLAQ became the ruler in 1351A.D.and successfully ruled for about 38 years till 1388 A.D. ,GHIYASUDDIN TUGHLAQ II(1388-1389) and SULTAN NUSRAT SHAH ,grandson of Firoz shah Tughlaq, ruled the West from Firozabad till 1413 A.D. SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB PEER PAHARI left this perishable world on 21st Rajab 1382 A.D.(783 Hijri) at Amroha leaving behind his descendants with his divine mission of humanity who carried it on unaffected of the political transition .After 32 years of his death SAYYIDS’DYNASTY came in power in1414 A.D. and the founder SULTAN of this Dynasty was KHIZAR KHAN who claimed to be a descendent of Prophet Mohammad(S.A.W. ).

FOURTH DYNASTY (1414-1451)[SAYYIDS]:-

It was the period after the death of Syed Sharafuddin Shahvilayat when Sayyid Sultans ruled for more than 37 years. As described above KHIZAR KHAN was the first SYED ruler in India who collaborated with TIMUR during his invasion on INDIA. After the successful invasion of TIMUR on INDIA, TIMUR rewarded Khizr Khan the GOVERNORSHIP of Lahore, Multan and Dipalpur because DAULAT KHAN LODI and KHIZAR KHAN both were attempting to occupy the throne of DELHI after the death of the last TUGHLAQ RULER MOHAMMAD SHAH in 1412 A.D. and KHIZAR KHAN won the battle with the help of TIMUR, so he preferred to rule in the name of TIMUR and his successor SHAH RUKH. He did not pronounce him as Sultan Khizar Khan even after the departure of Timur. As a result of Timur’s invasion and continuous wars for succession among the successors of FIROZ SHAH TUGHLAQ, a number of states and provinces of the Sultanate of DELHI declared their independence and KHIZAR KHAN’S Sultanate was reduced to SINDH, WESTERN PUNJAB and WESTERN UTTAR PRADESH. He died a natural death on 20th May1421 A.D.

SULTAN MUBARIK SHAH was the son of Khizar Khan so after the death of his father he became the ruler of DELHI SULTANATE and he declared him as SULTAN MUBARIK SHAH. It was the time when the entire Sultanate was boiling by political and social turmoil due to revolts all around him that could not be controlled and two accomplices of his Wazir, SARWAUL MULK ,killed him on 19th Feb.1434 A. D.

SULTAN MUHAMMAD SHAH-IV who was the nephew of Mubarik Shah ruled the Sultanate of Delhi from 1435 to 1445 but still the situation of the SULTANATE was not favourable , so the political instability was overcastting the SULTANATE.

SULTAN ALAUDDIN ALAM SHAH who was the son of SULTAN MUHAMMAD SHAH ruled from 1445 to 1451 A.D.but he was also marked by political instability. Internal and external revolts were increasing, the ruling power was decreasing due to disintegration of different states and provinces as a result of failures of SULTANS which reduced the ruling territories within the distance of mere ten miles from DELHI to PALAM and the SULTANATE OF DELHI was occupied by LODHI DYNASTY established by Bahlul lodhi in 1451 A.D.

The description of SULTANATES and MONARCHIES is necessary here to be given because AMROHA was always active to serve in all of the fields of literature ,culture and life skills to create healthy bonding between all the peoples to strengthen the humanity in the world .

FIFTH DYNASTY (1451-1526)[LODIS]:-

BAHLUL LODHI(1451-1489 A.D.),SIKANDER LODHI(1489-1517A.D.) and IBRAHIM LODHI(1517-1526 A.D.) SULTANS ruled the DELHI SULTANATE.IBRAHIM LODHI died on 21st April, 1526 who presided over much of INDIA but his own AFGHAN nobility invited BABUR OF KABUL to invade INDIA.

IBRAHIM LODHI died in the BATTLE OF PANIPAT on 20th April1526 A.D., so the rule of MUGHALS RULE started in 1526 to 1540 and then after it from 1540 to 1555 A.D.SURI ruled (SHER SHAH SURI, ISLAM SHAH SURI,MUHAMMAD SURI,FIROZ SURI IBRAHIM SURI and SIKANDERSHAH SURI).Until all these transitional political and social scenarios AMROHA had established its’ intellectual and spiritual rank at the high standard of values by the grace of the GOD through proper channels of divine power. Moghal Monarchy started on April 21st,1526 and ended on June 1858 A.D. NEARLY FOR THREE CENTURIES started with BABUR of FERGANA or present Uzbekistan and ended with the last Moghal Emperor BAHADUR SHAH (ZAFAR)-II. Though, the changing scenario was effective in the entire world, yet AMROHA had been simultaneously enriching the real values of HUMANITY producing the prominent figures who became the lighthouses for creating the literary and social merits in the world.

We are proud of literary, social and intellectual heritage of AMROHA for which innumerable witnesses are still present in the history of Amroha. The past living witnesses have also been expressed in the previous two chapters but as such inspiring personalities were uncountable so the justification requires to get the honour to pay our earnest homage to such charismatic figures. Not only the AMROHI people are highly obliged but the entire literary world is thankful to MEER SYED ISMAIL AMROHI (1105 A.D.), SYED SAADAT ALI SAADAT,SHAH AALAM MAHZON,NIJABAT ALI NIJABAT,GHULAM ALI HUSAINI, NAJEEB UDDIN SAFDAR AND GHULAM HAMADANI MOS HAFI AMROHI during the 12th century.

If we see the pedigree analysis of literary contribution of AMROHA onwards 13th century ,we find JANAB SIRAJUDDIN SIRAJ AMROHI,TAPISH, MOJIZ, RIYAZUL HASAN NIKHAT, ABULHASAN FORQATI , VALI and HAIDER HUSAIN YAKTA AMROHI who promoted the literary culture for making the strong bonding among all the peoples of the world.

During 14th century, Amroha provided its’ revolutionary reinforcement to the culture and literature .The great scholar ALLAMA SHAFIQ HASAN AILIA,MOLVI NASEEM HASAN HILAL and NASEEM AMROHI were the witnesses of the promotion of the literature.With the high and low tides ,mechanization and renascence of the world ,Amroha was also marching shoulder to shoulder in all the fields but the moral values were the dominating factor to shape the society. The centuries were becoming the witness of AMROHA’S CONTRIBUTION to develop the nation of qualities and slowly we entered in 20th century in which AMROHA HAS ITS’ PROMINENT POSITION in all of the fields .

19th century was marvelous for literary awareness of AMROHIS’. JANAB SHAMIM AMROHI, HAFIZ AMROHI,BIRJIS AMROHI ,ZIYA AMROHI, TAMKEEN AMROHI ,SAFI AMROHI,YATEEM ,TOOBA AMROHI,MOZTAR AMROHI ,RAZA HASAN RAZA AMROHI,ZAKI AMROHI,KALEEM AMROHI ,MADINA AMROHI, ANEES HASAN HILAL AMROHI etc. were providing the literature to the society. SYED AAL-E-AHMAD NAIM AMROHI composed not only the rich poetry in Urdu but also in Persion and it looks that his style was highly influenced by MIRZA DABEER .

Chehakta hon sada golzar-e-zahra-o-Mohammad main,
Misal-e-bolbol-e-sodah gulafshan hai zaban mairi,
Ali Allah ka banda hai monkir iska kafir hai,
Main banda hoon Ali ka bund hai aagay zoban mairi
Naim-e-zar ko maula Najuf main yad kart-e hain,
Vaheen darbar main ja kar thamain gi hichkiyan mairi.

Ali ka nam bhi nam-e- khoda kiya rahat-e-jan hai,
Asa-e-peer hai taigh-e-jawan hai hirz-e-tiflan hai.
(Syed Aal-e- Ahmad Naim Amrohi)

JANAB KAMIL AMROHI ,MANZAR AMROHI,SIKANDER HUSAIN FAHEEM AMROHI,SADEQAIN AMROHI , MOLVI SAFI MORTAZA SAHIB,MOLVI IBADAT SAHIB KALEEM AMROHI and their contemporary scholars provided the reinforcement to the progressive attitude of the society. They ALL ARE THE BRIGHT SHINING STARS OF AMROHA who made Amroha the land of excellent status in the world of literature.We are also proud of MASTER RAUF AMROHI,RAIS AMROHI,HIYAT AMROHI,MAHSHAR AMROHI,RAGHUBEER SARAN DIVAKAR RAHI,PURWAZ AMROHI AND PRESENTLY the same responsibility has been carried forward with healthy texture by a number of well versed, witty literary personalities having treasure of abilities. No doubt DR.MANZAR ABBAS NAQVI ,,JANAB AZEEM AMROHI,JANAB SAIFI AMROHI,JANAB NASHIR AMROHI and many more are the pride of AMROHA who have not only been serving for the best possible beautification of literature but also for the uplift of the society and now nobody can hesitate to say that AMROHA IS STILL THE ISLE OF ALL THE BEAUTIES.

Lives of great men all remind us
We can make our lives sublime,
And departing leaves behind us
Footprint on the sand of time-
Footprints that perhaps another,
Sailing o’er life’s solemn main,
Aforlorn and shipwrecked brother,
Seeing shall take heart again…….(H.W.LONGFELLOW)

THE SALVATION ISLE AMROHA, AMRO-TALE NO. 2

S.Kaleem Sibtain Naqvi

Dear Readers ,

I am sorry for this belated publication of the second tale of the BLESSED ISLAND AMROHA that was completely printed a fortnight ago but I committed a little mistake to click the keys, no doubt, all of our high tech machinery is the gift of the GOD invented by great efforts of our scientists but it has no soul and it knows no feelings of any person, so with a twinkle of eye the entire AMRO-TALE NO.2 was vanished from the file and…….

Ek lumha tarap ke pighal gaya yaron,
Jais -e main suraj nigal gaya yaron.

It saddened me a lot for some time because except the data I did not write the structure of its’ dossier by hand but “there is always the next time’’ ,so in my view the present form of Amro-Tale No.2 is not the perfect image of the vanished composition but as it was not the dream picture of Coleridge’s Kubla Khan placing before us pleasure-dome, deep rivers, ’caverns measureless to man’, the realities have their own influence, so I tried my best to maintain the same depth and gravity in the text of the chapter remembering the couplet of a poet which I think as an important process in the life of the pilgrims to approach the ultimate real destination-

‘’Ye kiya ke chalte gaye aur aagayi manzil,
Lagen na do char thokren tou safar kiya.’’

So I am again enjoying to write the well known realities of Jazeera-e-taharat Amroha to high light some of its’ distinguished features and hope the honorable readers will give their worthy remarks for the sake of further refinement.

THE DIGNEFIED LAND AMROHA–

‘’ABSOLUTELY MARVELLOUS REGION OF HUMAN-ASPIRATIONS” can be abbreviated as A.M.R.O.H.A. –(Amroha.)

Amroha is the name of that prominent land which has its’ significant role in strengthening the interpersonal relationships between all the communities to protect the pretty socio-moral values even in the period of deteriorating transition of the status due to Zamindari Abolition and lack of up to the mark knowledge of the demand of the time in changing political and economical environment. It is that great land which has always shown its’ brilliant power of qualities not only in the field of divine philosophy and spirituality but also in the field of multi- dimensional creativity and could establish its’ not only Literary excellence but it has the honor to produce innumerable glittering stars of the country for the global nation from the deep oceans to the heavens in the space who are the pride of entire human community of the word. There has been a curious sensitiveness in the soul of the land to understand the tendencies of the time to face the high and low tides for the sake of socio- economical and political uplift of the people of this blessed land while the Amrohies faced some adverse period too but never got demoralized and never lost their patience. The best source that provided them the power of contentment was their firm faith in the LORD OF HEAVENS AND THE EARTH. Not only the original Amrohies feel it pride to be of AMROHA but the peoples from some other places also think it as the blessings of the God to have links with Amroha.

Perhaps they verify the statement of MIRZA GHALIB that- “Qatra dariya me jo mil ja-e to dariya ho ja-e”.

THE LAND OF MYSTERIOUS SPIRITUALITY

Jaub ishq sikhata hai andaz – e – khodagaahi ,
Khult-e hain gholamo pur asrar-e-shahanshahi…………….(Allama Iqbal)

Whenever I quote any couplet of Allama Iqbal,I remember the deep aesthetic prowess of H’able DR.MANZAR ABBAS Sahib,A.M.U.Aligarh,who explained this whole poem in a MUJLIS by all the angles concluding the extract of the soul of the lesson which Allma Iqbal wanted to communicate to follow the path of devoted love for ALLAH but I think that I am unable to create the same marvelous state of consciousness of mind that was created by Dr.Manzar Abbas Sahib with its’ justified gravity but as for as I concern with this couplet,I am trying to repeat a little of his perfect explanation in the context of the saintity of AMROHA asThe divine treasures are always opened for the pilgrims following the true path of ONE UNITY HAVING NO SECOND and for them, who show non cooperation with the Satanic violence and maintain the humanity on the earth, they have all the powers but they use them for the betterment of the others and they selflessly help to save the life of even the small creatures, they avoid the luxuries for their owns, they feel royal comfort in the struggle to establish an excellent social network of humanity. Amroha, in the lap of the sacred river Ganges is one of such God blessed places, where due respect is given to all the creatures of God, even the stray- dogs are not abused by vulgar words but are restricted with the words-“Adub adub”So, anybody can imagine the real tendency of humanity and a beautiful value system that was existing in this small piece of land in Himalayan planes which is still found in the present period of hard competition for more and more successful future.

The people who follow the rule of All Merciful and All Powerful God have most vital faith in reality of unseen existence and the divine authoritative commandments guide them the righteous way and they establish the real prayers and glorify the unlimited blessings and spend out of what they possess, in the name of the Lord of the Worlds. Such people get the mysterious energies from the God and become the light-houses in the ocean of darkness.And the Creator of the universe loves such charismatic personalities. By the grace of the God, this piece of the land’ AMROHA’ has the honor of this pride that extraordinary personalities loved to live and pray here to Almighty God. The Island of Hospitality AMROHA has a strong vital faith in the LORD OF ALL THE WORLDS and in His authoritative commandments given through His chosen messengers. About belief in the God, SHELLEY, whose pamphlet- THE REVOLT OF ISLAM having twelve cantos in Spensarian stanzas were revolutionary in their style and who believed that “A thing of Beauty is a joy, for- ever .“ I think this joy he could find in the pious love and worship of ALMIGHTY God as he says in the following lines of his poem Adonais –

“That Light whose smile kindles the universe,
That Beauty in which all things work and move,
That Benediction which the eclipsing curse
Of birth can quench not, that sustaining love
Which through the web of being blindly wove
By man and beast and earth and air and sea.’’(Shelley)

Amroha is the place which was preferred not only by the great spiritual saint SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAH VILAYAT PEER PAHARI 10th progeny of Hz. Imam Ali Naqi(a.s) but a number of such godly saints loved Amroha, and Amroha not only accepted them but also provided the fertile grounds for the prosperous propagation of their spiritualism for the salvation from the sins.

MOULANA SYED SHAH NASRUDDIN GHAZI CHISTI ,another powerful saint from the ancestry of Hz. Imam Zainol Abideen came to Amroha a few years earlier than Shahvilayat Sahib who had equally brightened Amroha with the divinity of ALLAH and AHLEBAYAT.No doubt ,it was certainly the divine attraction of the Salvation Isle Amroha that during the regime of Emperor Baber, SYED MOHAMMAD ASHRAF TAQVI DANISHMAND liked it settle here.He was highly intellectual ,well-versed and witty scholar of the Moghal court of Emperor Baber. The famous Hindi poet GHULAM ALI RASKHAN was also from the great land of spiritual distinctions Amroha in Himaliyan planes.

“BIRDS OF A FEATHER FLOCK TOGATHER”, so BHOORE KHAN SHAHEED whose tomb is at a distance of nearly half furlong from railway station Amroha along the railway track and SHAH ABBAN SAHIB whose KHANQAH is near GOVERNMENT INTER COLLEGE,AMROHA were also the prominent saints who loved AMROHA and provided their socio-spiritual inspirations for strengthening the humanity. GARH MOKTI ISHWAR and BASU DEV, are still prominent as the proof of the greatness of the land of Amroha where love is the binding force between all the communities making a specialized unit of a beautiful co-existance and (bahumdillah), we all are proud of it, may ALMIGHTY GOD sustain it forever (Ameen!). The number of the godly men who loved and arrived Amroha to settle for their meditation is long enough but all of them are not mentioned here because the work in this direction has been going on that will be inshallah published in future.(Ameen )!

WISMM MSAKA JOURNEY-

It is the route of the journey of MEERAN SYED ALI BAZORG HUSAIN WASTI , father of SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB from IRAQ to (AMROHA- KUMAUN –AMROHA) with his caravan that can be shortly expressed as follows-

WAST (IRAQ) }>>>>….to….>>>>>{ IRAQ’S other cities }>>>>>….to….>>>>>{ SAHODARA( near Lahore along river Sindh) , the birth place of Syed Sharfuddin Shahvilayat Sahib,born in 1252 A.D. (653 hIJRI}>>>>>…..to….>>>>>{ MOLTAN(Punjab),the parental place of the wife of Meeran Syed Ali Bazorg }>>>>>….to….>>>>> {MORSHIDABAD(Bihar)}>>>>>…. to….>>>>> {MEERAN SARAI (near Amroha), the place where Meeran S. Ali Bazorg died}………………………………… A few years later Sharfuddin Shahvilayat Sb. left Meeran Sarai and shifted to AMROHA on 2nd Zilhij 670 Hijri(1269 A.D.), an excellently green area having dense MANGO- ORCHARDS. He also used to live in a cave of KUMAUN HILLS for meditation >>>>>>>>>>>>>DATE AND PLACE OF DEATH OF SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB-21st Rajab 783 Hijri(1382 A.D.) in the age of 130 years at AMROHA.

The godly saints never forget to follow the LORD of heavens and earth and all that lies b
etween them and are always rewarded by spiritual powers and become the lighthouses in the ocean of darkness and their lone aspiration of life becomes the inculcation of HUMANITY’ amongst the peoples of different streams and they find the mysterious miracles of Almighty God within their-selves-

“Tera wajood khod hee muzhar -e- ilahi hai,
Khodhi se bahur jahan me khuda talash na kar.” …………(Allama Iqbal)

Due to political turmoil in IRAQ the caravan of Meeran Syed Ali Bazorg Husain Wasti went to several cities in IRAQ but when could not find suitable place in Iraq and the destiny decided by the God made their minds to migrate towards BHARAT,they reached SAHODARA near Lahore along the river Sindh .During the stay in SAHODARA,Sharafuddin Shahvilayat Sahib was born in 1252A.D.(653 Hijri) then they went to Moltan which was the parental place of the wife of Meeran Syes Ali Bazorg Husain Wasti but staying there for a short period ,the caravan departed towards Morshidabad in Bihar which was also not of their liking so they extended their journey in the direction of Amroha and reached a place near Amroha which was given the name as Meeran Sarai after the death of Meeran Syed Ali Bazorg Husain Wasti where this saint of great values said goodbye to the materialistic world for the journey to the heaven,so his grave is at that place near Amroha.

When Syed Sharafuddin Sahib was nearly seventeen years old, he left Meeran Sarai and reached Amroha on second Zilhij, 670 Hijri (1269 A.D.) after the death of his father during the rule of GHIYASUDDIN BALBAN(1266-1290 A.D.).He preferred AMROHA and KUMAUN HILLS’ CAVE for his divine meditation and spiritual acknowledgement where his next generations collectively inhabited in the area of present

Mohalla Shahvilayat, Naugaza, Mollana, Satthi,Haqqani and Mohalla Panchdara but slowly they shifted to different places during the long course of time.He provided his spirituality to Amroha from the period of GHIYASUDDIN BALBAN(1266-1290) to THE SECOND SULTANATE DYNASTY,KHILJI DYNASTY(1290-1320)” to TUGHLAQ DYNASTY(1320-1413) during the Sultanates of GHIYASUDDIN TUGHLAQ-1 (1321-1325), MOHAMMAD SHAH TUGHLAQ- II(1325-1351) to FIROZ SHAH TUGHLAQ(1351-1388) but the GREAT SAINT OF HUMANITY SYED SHARAFUDDIN SHAHVILAYAT SAHIB left this world for the everlasting divine world on 21st RAJAB,1382 A.D.(783 HIJRI) during the regime of FIROZ SHAH TUGHLAQ.

Innalillah-e-wo inna ilahe rajaion.

TO BE CONTINUED…

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THE SALVATION ISLE AMROHA, AMRO-TALE NO.-1

S.Kaleem Sibtain Naqvi

AMROHA , which was , no doubt ,the jazeera-e-taharat for all , needs no introduction but my emotions compelled me to represent it’s portrait in the form of Socio-spiritual Amro-Tales printed in my heart and soul. By the grace of Allah I could give the structure to my inspiration in five chapters of the Amro-Tales under the most appropriate title –‘’Jazeera- e –Taharat- Amroha ‘’ as Amro-Tale-1,2,3,4 and 5 and I hope to publish them as early as possible in the convenient installments with the help of precious comments and suggestions of the readers who have always provided reinforcement to carry out the task . May God help me to represent this beautiful portrait of Amroha . [Ameen!]

AMRO-TALE NO. -1

AN INNOCENT PIECE OF LAND

Amroha is the name of that innocent piece of land which was not less than a heaven on the earth where the heart – beats were to win the heartiest blessings of each other in all the communities .IT IS THE KOH-E-TOOR OF INDIA where all the senses become able to recognizably realize the invisible divine power of the Lord of heavens and the earth and all in between them that once guided to Hz.Moosa Kaleemullah to preach the path of righteousness to the nation for establishing the truth and discarding the evils .Such small but spiritually prosperous and pleasant land is undoubtedly the mother of peace and comfort for all the communities maintaining it’s, almost natural and healthy ecosystem. It is such a DISTINGUISHED LAND where the peoples and their qualities can be introduced very easily ,if a single suffix –AMROHI is attached with their names.

AMROHA ME BAHUMDILLAH, LATAFUT HAI, LIYAQUT HAI,
PORKAIF SI NAZAKAT HAI TO MEEYARI SHARAFUT HAI,
ZIYAFUT HAI, SAKHAVAT HAI, HUR AIK KI HIFAZUT HAI,
AMROHA KO ADAVUT HAI TO SHARARAT SE ADAVUT HAI.

AMROHA, THE CITY OF INTELLECTUALITY, city of SPIRITUALLITY and the CITY OF HOSPITALITY-

AMROHA is the witness of different civilizations starting from about 500 B.C. Geo-graphical location of Amroha is excellently favourable for most of the forms of life creating a bio-friendly environment for all the creatures. It is a plane area in the prosperous lap of Himaliyan belt of KUMAON and the sacred river GANGES having ample of natural resources. The extra-ordinary qualities of the innocent island have been always attracting the peoples of the world and they feel proud if they have the links with Amroha.

RESEMBLANCE OF THE NAME WITH KARBALA-

Nothing in the universe is without any force ,even the tiniest particle has its influence over the co –existing objects. The reason of the qualities of this pleasant place maybe it’s devotion to the Almighty God ,Prophet Mohammad and his Ahlebet because the numeric value of the word Amroha and that of Karbala is same in the science of numerology. And Karbala is the symbol of victory of divine truth over evils thereby Karbala has become the divine university of Humanity for entire Ashraful Makhloqaat with the sacrifice of Imam Husain as the substitute of the postponed sacrifice of Hz. Ismael. This resemblance maybe the reason , which made Amroha a prominent place of peace and humanity.

ORIGIN OF THE NAME –AMROHA;-

The fact of the matter is that Amroha was ,as the FOUNTAUN OF SWEET AND SOFT WATER IN THE SALINE OCEAN which once upon a time attracted the people before Christ and the township came in existence. It is said that a king Amer Jodha loved this place very much and he started the township here , so the name of this place had become Amarjodha that was transformed as Amroha.
The origin of the word Amroha may be deep rooted in the Sanskrit language because the ancient Bharat [Hindostan] was highly influenced by the Vedic Sermons having revelations of one God , life and death basic philosophy of life in VEDIC PERIOD was concerned with PARAM ATMA (ALLAH), AATMA and the PRAKRITI(NATURE), so the names were mostly given on the prakriti(nature) of the object.
The name Amroha might be derived from AMRVANAH as symbolic for forest of mango in respect of the nature. Certainly it would be the scientific – approach of the vedic period . More-over , religion and the science have always been considered to be twin sisters not only in ISLAM but in all the religions, so the name AMROHA would have been considered as the best one in all respects. In this way ,we see , during the long course of time Amrvanah would have been change in the form of Amroha.

The another possibility behind the name of AMROHA ,which is also related with the nature, is also equally genuine that it may be the combination of Aam and Rohu (the name of a species of fish) as Aamrohu telling the important natural gifts given by the God to this land and it might be converted as Amroha.
During the period of SHAH JAHAN it was also called as AAMBROHA in it’s Persian version due to the common use of Persian and Arabic languages by the advancement of different rulers in India. Anyway whatsoever be the reason of the name Amroha, we know only that it is that pious land which could not be contaminated even by any satanic volunteer .It is pretty incomprehensible to express it’s positive powerful influence on the peoples and we feel us privileged having the strong bonding with this excellent land of SALVATION -AMROHA where most of the positive energies are induced in our bodies
by the inspiring nature of the land.

Amroha wo jageh hai jahan sharf shahon ne paya hai,
Jazeera-e-taharat hai kaleem, AHMAD ka saya hai.

To be continued-
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Your initiative can improve Amroha

There is no doubt that Amroha is an incredible town. But as usual I wanted to attract the attention to the harmful activities in our beloved city. This is one of the things which I am going to discuss and put the matter in front all of you.
May be sometime, somewhere some authorized or responsible people see this dialogue and take an appropriate action, so that things can be improved.

In my outlook one of the biggest unconstructive things is, whenever we visit Amroha there is at least one “A” Grade certificate movie posters pasted on the walls around the whole city.

In today’s scenario Amroha known as a fast developing town on the map of our country. New business opportunities & lots of new government offices are coming in Amroha. Due to this lots of new visitors from outside, comes in our town every day.

This “A” Grade certificate movie poster really spoils our youth, culture, our society and also gives very bad impression to the new visitors.

These posters are badly messing up the image of our favorite town.

Everybody has to feel embarrassed whenever he or she moves outside with his family (Brother, Father, Mother, Sister)

Friends, I believe that this is our moral responsibility to come forward and raise our voice against this system. I personally met with the DM (District magistrate) of Amroha and raised this issue in front of him.

If this thing can be remove from our city, Amroha can be great town.

I request to all of you to raise their voice against the same and take a strong stand in this regard.

Syed Khamis Ali

Syed Khamis Ali S/o Late Jb. Mohd Munawwar Naqvi Moh. Darbar-e-Shah wilayat (Lakda) Amroha. Currently residing in Zakir Nagar, New Delhi, founder 'Capra India' and ' ShahWilayat Goat Farms' worked with Larsen and Toubro Ltd. as a chemical engineer (Oil & Gas sector).

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