Cartoons reflect the fundamental freedoms of citizens (Part 1)

A cartoonist works in the make-believe world. The crooked creations of art take us to the world of imagination.He is an artist of vague lines. Acartoonist is expected to be a good communicator. He or she transmits information through three processes:

Leveling, sharpening, and assimilation.

The cartoons in books or magazines are usually leveled with two-dimensional works of art. The lines of cartoon outline of a figure with only a hint of the form’s texture, shade, and shape. The outlinesare simplified and they don’t carry unnecessary details.

Sharpening imparts importance to the objects that are dealt with in the frame. The cartoonist works with the eyes, mouth, brows, arms, and legs of the subjects with the clothes that suggest the real subject and ‘life-in-action.’

The depth of the cartoonist’s creation lies in assimilation through exaggeration and interpolation so that the fantasymakes sense for the viewer.
The experts of the field believe that a cartoon should maintain a positive outlook and balance in the description as this medium is a form of popular communication. Simplifying it can lead to oversimplification; sharpening can unfairly caricature; exaggeration can affect the worst racial, ethnic, or sexist elements of popular culture.

Children’s cartoons help in developing the knowledge and vision of the kids – not the subject of this article.

Social and political cartoons are drawn to convey an idea that is more like a commentary upon the current events. Cartoons are the barometers of fundamental freedoms enjoyed by the citizens of a state.A look at a cartoon informs about the freedom of speech and press.

Cartoonists go with short and crisp comments that create a novel impression and convey a deep thought by combining word and action. The cartoons are not difficult to draw but to create a make-believe world which a reader or viewerwould carry home is a real challenge.

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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The Peace Treaty that was never honoured

 

 

The Peace Treaty that was never honoured by Banu Ummayads

Sunni and Shia, the two main sects of Islam, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam. However, a bitter split between the two goes back to a dispute over who should succeed the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as the leader of the Islamic faith. Today, about 85 percent of the approximately 1.6 billion Muslims around the world are Sunni, while 15 percent are Shia, Shia represent the majority of the population in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, and Azerbaijan, and a plurality in Lebanon, Sunnis are the majority in more than 40 other countries, from Morocco to Indonesia.

However, the third most controversial period in the history of Islam began when Imam Hasan (as) was declared as the 5th Caliph of Muslims.

IMAM HASAN (as) was the eldest son of Imam ‘Ali (as) and Hadrat Fatimah (sa).

Name: al-Hasan, Title: al-Mujtaba.

Birth: In Medina on Tuesday, 15th Ramadan 3 AH.

Death: Died at the age of 46, in Medina on Thursday, 28th Safar 50 AH; buried in Jannatu ‘I-Baqi, in Medina.

When the Holy Prophet (PBUH) received the happy news of the birth of his grandson, he came to the house of his beloved daughter, took the newly born child in his arms, recited adhan and iqamah in his right and left ears respectively, and in compliance with Allah’s command named him al-Hasan.

 

The Prophet of Islam Hazrat Mohammad (PBUH) chose the name “Al-Hasan” for him.

In the year AH 10 (631/32 CE) a Christian envoy from Najran (now in Saudi Arabia) came to Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) to argue which of the two parties erred in its doctrine concerning Hazrat Isa (Jesus). Most of the Sunni historians also mention Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), Hazrat Fatimah (SA), Imam Al-Hasan (as) and Imam Al-Husayn (as) as having participated in the Mubahalah, and some agree with the Shi’ite tradition that ‘Ali was among them.

After the martyrdom of Hazrat Ali (as)  Imam Hasan (as) became the Caliph of the Ummah by unanimous choice. He came to Muslims and stood on the minbar of his father.

“Tonight, a man departed who has not been excelled by the predecessors and whom the future generations won’t reach. He is the man who staged jihad alongside the Messenger of God and made his soul the shield of his life. The Messenger of God would give him the banner and send him the battlefield. Then, Gabriel on the right and Michael on the left would engulf him; and he wouldn’t return from the battlefield unless God granted him victory. He passed away in the night that Moses died and the night in which Jesus ascended to the heavens and the night that the Qur’an was sent down.”

After Imam Hassan’s speech, Ubaidullah ibn Abbas started speaking, “O people! This is the grandson of the Prophet and his successor and your Imam. Swear Allegiance to him as God will guide you, through him, to the ways of safety and, through His permission, takes you from darkness toward light and guides you to the right path.”

The Sardars of tribes of Iraq, Hijaz, and Yemen swore allegiance to Imam Hassan Mojtaba (AS).

Amir Muawiya did not accept the Caliphate of Imam Hasan (AS). He was advised to obey the truth and follow the leadership of Imam Hassan (AS). Amir Muawiyah was so obstinate in his recalcitrance that dispatched an army from Syria to Iraq to confront the Imam. The troop was mostly constituted of the Kharejites whose other comrades had placed themselves in Imam Hassan’s army.

Amir Muawiyah never let Imam work in peace. He used all the tricks of statecraft available at his disposal to dethrone Imam Hasan (as) and finally succeeded in his nefarious ambition. To avoid further divisions and bloodshed among Muslims, Imam Hasan (as) agreed to make a treaty with Muawiya bin Abi Sufiyan. These terms, which had been proposed by Imam Hasan (as), were in the interest of Muslim Ummah in general and the treaty was signed with the witnesses of prominent personalities of Iraq and Syria.

Before starting a discussion on the peace treaty, it is important to state a brief backdrop of the treaty.

Muawiya sent the following letter to Imam Hasan (as):

“This letter is from Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan for Hasan bin ‘Ali (as). I make peace with you on the condition that after me the government will be handed over to you and I vouch for you before God, feeling obliged to God and the Holy Prophet (saws), remembering the firm pledge taken by the Glorified God from any of His bondsmen, that I will neither indulge in any intrigue against you nor would conduct any armed struggle against you.

Further that each year I will pay you ten lakh (one million) Dirham from Baitul Maal and the revenue of Mansa and Darb Jard (Darabgard) will be reserved for you. ‘Abdullah b. Amir, ‘Umru b. Salma Hamdani, ‘Abdel Rahman b. Samarah and Muhammad bin Ash’as Kandi are witness to it and it has been written in Rabi II 41 A.H.”

When Imam Al-Mujtaba (as) read the above letter of Muawiya, he called ‘Abdullah bin Haras b. Noful, the nephew of Muawiya, and told him that he should go to his uncle (Muawiya) and tell him that if Muawiya was agreeable to guarantee the life and honour of the general public, then he would agree to hand over the reign to him.

‘Abdullah b. Haras went to Muawiya and explained the condition to him.

In return, Muawiya gave him a blank paper at the end of which was the seal of Muawiya and sent the message to Imam Hasan (as) that he may write on it (the white paper) whatever he thought fit.

 

Imam Hasan (as) wrote the required terms and conditions on it, and after taking the signatures of the high powered Syrian delegation as a witness, sent it back to Muawiya so that he (Muawiya) may affirm his agreement to all those terms and both these persons may be a witness to the agreement.

These documents clearly indicate that Imam Hasan (as) had demanded the issue of the caliphate must be returned to him after the death of Muawiya and that the people of Iraq, Hijaz, and Madina would not be arrested for having fought Muawiya in the days of his (Imam’s) father.

Muawiya was ready to accept all the terms and conditions of Imam Hasan (as), except that he could not guarantee the safety of ten persons who included prominent persons like Qais b. S’ad against whom Muawiya had vouched to cut his tongue and hands whenever arrested. Imam Hasan (as) conveyed to Muawiya that in such a situation, he was not prepared for peace with him.

Learning this, Muawiya put his seal on the blank paper and handed it over to the representative of the Imam (as) so that he may write what he thought appropriate and that he was willing to accept all the terms of the Imam (as) regarding peace.

Imam Hasan (as) wrote all the terms and conditions demanded by him and sent it back to Muawiya.

When Muawiya agreed to those terms and a promise for the same was taken from him in the presence of responsible persons, only then the agreement was reached between the two sides according to which Imam Hasan (as) agreed to hand over the government to Muawiya for a given time (i.e. till the time Muawiya was alive).

Following is the extract of the treaty between Imam Hassan and Muawiya:

  1. Authority will be handed to Muawiya provided that he should act according to the Book of Allah, the Sunna of the Prophet, and the behavior of the righteous Caliphs.
  2. Authority should be for Imam Hassan after Muawiya, and if an accident occurs, the authority should go to Imam Hussain, Muawiya has no right to entrust authority to anyone.
  3. Muawiya should abandon cursing the Commander of the faithful (Imam Ali) and the practice of using the Qunut in the salat against him, Muawiya should also not mention Imam Ali unless in a good manner.
  4. He (Muawiya) should exclude what is in the treasury of Kufa, which is five million (dirhams). So handing over authority does not include it (i.e., this sum of money). Muawiya should send al-Husayn one million dirhams a year, he should prefer the children of Hashim (Banu Hashim) in giving and gifts to the Banu Abd Shams, and should divide one million (dirhams) among the sons of those who were killed with the Commander of the faithful at the Battle of the Camel and the Battle of Siffin, and should spend that from the taxes of Dar Abjard.
  5. The people should be safe wherever they are in the earth of Allah. Muawiya should give security to all races. The companions of Imam Ali should be given security wherever they are. Muawiya should not seek a calamity secretly or openly for Imam Hassan, nor for Imam Hussein, nor for any of the Prophet’s Ahlul Bayt.

Imam Hasan retired from the caliphate and thus safeguarded the blood of the Muslims and the strength of Islam, and prevented the external and internal enemies from taking undue advantage of the situation. One of the conditions of the Peace Treaty between Imam Hasan and Muawiya reads that “Hasan bin Ali makes Peace on the condition that he will not be under an obligation to call Muawiya, the Commander of the Faithful”. It is claimed that Muawiya violated all the conditions of the peace treaty and did not take care of the following five items of the treaty and committed horrible crimes against the Shias of Ali:

  1. When Muawiya took the reins of government, he did not act according to the Book of Allah, the Sunna (i.e., practices) of His Apostle, and the practices (Sira) of the Orthodox Caliphs,
  2. He didn’t leave the authority after him to the Consultative Committee or to the Owner of the right (i.e., al-Hasan),
  3. He didn’t refrain from cursing Imam Ali, he increased cursing Ali to the extent that he ordered his orators to curse him everywhere.
  4. He didn’t give Imam Hasan (as) the land taxes,
  5. He didn’t he give security to Ali’s Shias and companions.

Unfortunately, most historians have very brazenly tried to keep the world in the dark about the clauses and the relevant details of the peace treaty.

The historians Masudi and Yaqubi do not mention the terms at all. Similarly, Ibn. Hajar ‘Asqalani and Hakim Naishapuri do admit that (Imam) Hasan (as) had made peace only after so many terms had been agreed and commitments and assurances given, but do not mention the details of what those conditions were.

A similar attitude can be noticed in the narration of ‘Sahih-e-Bukhari’ in which the details beginning with the coming of the delegations till the signing of the agreement have been given, but when the point of the terms and conditions is reached then the issue is evaded by writing ‘etc. etc.’ but it is accepted that the Syrian delegation had accepted all the terms and conditions of Imam Hasan (as).

Imam Hassan Mojtaba’s peace treaty with Muawiya ibn Abu Sufyan has been viewed Imam Hassan (AS) as the champion of peace while others accuse him of seeking comfort and ease in life. Some historians believe that seceding the rule to Muawiya caused humiliation of Muslims and deviation of leadership from its main course.

Muawiya breached all his obligations and said, “O people of Iraq! I swear by God that I didn’t fight you for prayer, fasting, zakat, and Hajj. My fight was for the government. Beware that I put whatever covenant and condition that I have concluded with Hassan ibn Ali and it has no value.”

Mu’awiyah’s malice against Bani Hashim led him to conspire with the Imam Hasan’s wife Ja’dah, the daughter of Ash’ath. She was made to give the Imam some poison which affected his liver. Imam Hasan (as) succumbed to Mu’awiyah’s fatal mischief and attained his martyrdom on 28th Safar 50 AH. His funeral was attended by Imam Husayn and the members of the Hashimite family. His bier while being taken for burial to the Holy Prophet’s tomb was shot at with arrows by his enemies, and it had to be diverted for burial to the ‘Jannatu-ul-Baqi’ at Medina. His tomb was demolished along with others on 8th Shawwal 1344 (21st April 1926) by the Saudi rulers when they came to power in Hijaz.

 

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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From JallinwalahBagh to ShaheenBagh

Zamana bade shouque se sun rahatha,
hameen so gaye dastan kehtey kehtey.”

The world was listening with rapt attention;
It were we who slept while narrating the story.

The country is still listening carefully once again when the clarion call of “Save Constitution, Save Democracy and Save India” is emanating from the ramparts of ShaheenBagh, Okhla, New Delhi. Today, this voice raised from AMU, JMI, JNU and ShaheenBagh is redefining Secularism and Indian masses slowly but steadily paying heed to it. Hundreds of ShaheenBaghs are burgeoning all over the country. Indian Secularism is finding its way back into public discourse. The innocent Indian public has begun to realise that the Preambles and Values of Indian Constitution are worth fighting for.

It’s not surprising that ordinary Indians irrespective of caste, creed and religion are participating in the protests that are being organised against CAA and NCR and NPR – the new inductions that erode the credibility of a healthy democracy. Indians are observing that instead of Improving economy, creating jobs and good governance this RSS inspired government is dividing the Indians on religious grounds. If this outfit succeeds in its scheme, this India won’t remain an India of ‘dreams of Gandhi’ but a facsimile of Theoretical Hindu Pakistan.In an India of RSS’ Hindutva, the idea of tolerance and inclusivity would be rendered sterile. The cacophony of the ‘we’ and ‘other’ has already poisoned the minds of young generation; a lot of them have been brainwashed. It’s a sinister agenda and undoubtedly, a putative attempt to isolate the biggest minority of Indian nation.

However, the nation as a whole is awakened by now and the crude attempt of BJP to marshal the might of State with violence, rancour and vendetta is losing steam. It would never succeed to subjugate the voice of REASON. Now, most of the countrymen – the vigilant citizens are joining together to defend the values of Indian Constitution. They are exposing the divisive agenda of Jaundiced rulers that has, so far, refused to lend its ears. For BJP, there is no common ground left for civilized dialogue; for RSS and the rest of the country, it has become a struggle over two mutually exclusive ideas of India.

The nervousness is evident from ad-hoc reactions of BJP governed States. Its leaders are confused rather they have lost their bearings.

They’re firing like loose cannons.And in this backdrop, the BJP government seems to have lost the road as well as the road map. In the world perception India has been placed in the category of ‘Flawed Democracies.’ The world is watching the way BJP governed States and Central government have been violently and intolerably responding to the peaceful demonstrations highlighting the Clarion Call of SECULARISM from ShaheenBagh. The Nagpur Syndrome is not allowing the prejudiced rulers to show concern and pay heed to this ‘Vintage Gandhian Assertion’ that is perhaps the strongest challenge to Fanaticism in the history of India so far.

Especially for a few weeks, the country is showered with provocative, mischievous and threatening statements from Saffron Firmament.
Our West Delhi BJP MP ParveshVerma on this Monday openly threatened ShaheenBagh protesters saying that it will take the BJP only an hour to clear off the protests in the area.

“If the BJP comes to power in Delhi on February 11, we will clear ShaheenBagh of all protest and protesters within one hour. Not a single person will be visible,” he said, appealing people to vote for the BJP in the upcoming elections. Verma added within one month all the existing mosques built on government land will be demolished if the BJP forms government in Delhi. Will someone inform his that more than 50 mosques in Delhi are under control of Archaeological Control even today, It is the other way round. He was addressing a crowd at a community centre in Ranhoula village which falls under the Vikaspuri Assembly constituency in West Delhi.ParveshVerma is the son of BJP politician Saheb Singh Verma that makes a mockery of BJP’s plank of Anti-Vanshwad.

In the show bravado, the BJP’s Anurag Thakur, Union Minister of State for Finance, urged a crowd at an election rally in Delhi to say “goli maaro” – or shoot down traitors – in a widely-shared video that is being examined by the Election Commission.

The minister, who was campaigning for the BJP candidate in Rithala in North West Delhi for the February 8 Delhi election, can be seen prompting “desh ke gaddaronko…“, to which the crowd responds “…golimaaro sa***n ko“; the entire chant translates to “shoot down the traitors who betray the country”. The video was taken at a rally on Monday. Several BJP leaders were present at the time. The BJP candidate from Rithala, Manish Chaudhary, was also on stage when the slogan was being chanted. Later, Home Minister Amit Shah arrived and addressed the same rally. Asked who he believed were the “traitors” who need to be shot down, a defiant Mr Thakur told reporters: “First you should watch the entire video… Then you should see the mood of the people of Delhi.”

Mr Thakur, as junior minister of finance, is part of the team involved in the Union Budget to be announced on Saturday amid a sharp slowdown and worrying growth.

And here is latest threat or howler from Sakshi Maharaj, who had once asked a Girl to unbutton her jeans to show her injuries sustained during a raid in Unnao.
“Those who’re used to receive the kicks won’t bother about dialogue. A day will come when strict action is imminent.”

Public memory is not so week and they could easily recall the statement of Amit Shah, the then BJP General Secretary, in 2014 at Raajhar – a village in western UP. He had issued a call for ‘revenge’ against those who were ‘protecting’ the alleged killers of Jats.
Following his footsteps, Yogi Adityanath who holds a responsible Constitutional position of Chief Minister of the largest State of India, made the most threatening statement :
“Congress party ke netritva me tukde-tukde gang jo Dilli ke ashanti ke liye zimmedar hai, isko dand dene ka samaya agya hai…..” (The Congress-led tukde-tukde gang is responsible for spoiling the peaceful atmosphere in Delhi. The time has come to punish them.)
“Kyunki yeh sab chinhit chehre hain. Wo sab videography mein aachuke hain, CCTV ke footage meina achuke hain. In sab ki property kozapt karke, inse hum iska badla lenge aur sakhti se nipatne ke liye maine iske baare mein kaha hai.” (All their faces have been identified. They are visible in the videography and CCTV footage. We will take revenge by confiscating their properties, I have ordered strict action.)

It is not Yogi speaking in the personal capacity; it is the CM of UP who is supposed to implement law and order in the state. It is the language of fanatical Ideology, an expression of power and arrogance. It reflects that RSS has now begun to understand that ground under its feet is slowly but surely cutting. These sudden fustian sixers of anger from the top echelons is reading the writing on the wall. It is a panic-driven campaign – a gamble of Saffron Brigade to bring back its core vote bank that might have been losing its interest about saffronisationoIndia.

Looming ahead are Delhi elections where AAP seems to be poised for spectacular victory. The gain the lost round, the flare up of communal fire, the ignition of Hindutva cannon using CAA etc could be helpful in the strategy of BJP’s think-tank. It could never be a dignified opinion otherwise when a Home Minister of the largest democracy upon earth proclaims:
“When you press the button (of EVM) on February 8, do so with such anger that its current (poll result) is felt at ShaheenBagh.” Today, at ShaheenBagh, thousands of women have been in a 24/7 sit-in protest since December 15 against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). The peaceful protests here have inspired several such protests across the country.

The whole world knows that protests in ShaheenBagh erupted spontaneously in opposition to the Citizenship Amendment Act, the National Register of Citizens and the National Population Register. It was mainly led by women, the protests have continued uninterrupted for more than a month now. The road blockage at ShaheenBagh have led to a tussle between the Delhi police and the protesters.

And a few old sayings are conjuring up in mind as I read the reactions against the psychedelic changes this peaceful hub of awakening is fostering in the minds of thinking Indians and old Bakts also. ShaheenBagh is turning as an eyesore for the Right Wing Political Strategist as well as the foot soldierswho are well anointed with the RSS’ socio-political and cultural grease:

“Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.”
“Despotic power is always accompanied by corruption of morality.”
“Authority that does not exist for Liberty is not authority but force.”

And these threats by the RSS juggernaut reminds me of JallinwalahBagh massacre. On 13th April, 1919, people had gathered to protest against the arrest of the two nationalist leaders, Satya Pal and Dr SaifuddinKitchlew. Suddenly, a British military officer, General Dyer, entered the park with his troops. Without even giving a warning to the people to disperse, he ordered his troops to fire at the unarmed crowd for ten minutes and when their ammunition was exhausted. In those ten minutes, according to the estimates of the Congress, about a thousand persons were killed and about 2000 wounded. The bullet marks can be still seen on the walls of the JallianwalaBagh which is now a national memorial.

There were no official data on the number of deaths during the JallianwalaBagh Massacre. But on the official enquiry of the British revealed that there were 379 deaths and the Congress quoted more than 1000 people died in the massacre.

According to Wikipedia, one Hans Raj (born c. 1890s) who was an Indian became an approver for the British government. Historians have debated whether he was an agent for the police all along or simply took the opportunity to save his own skin by testifying for the British. For several independent knowledgeable writers, he was behind the planning of that massacre.

Rabindranath Tagore, who had been knighted by the British, renounced his knighthood. In his letter to the viceroy, he declared: “The time has come when the badges of honour make our shame glaring in their incongruous context of humiliation and I for my part wish to stand shorn of all special distinctions, by the side of those of my countrymen, who for their so-called insignificance, are liable to suffer a degradation not fit for human beings”. The massacre marked a turning point in the history of the struggle for freedom.

The abject story of Power-Drunk rule seems to repeat after a lapse of a century. Nothing would explain it better than the immense popularity of Faiz Ahmad ‘Faiz’ poem “Hum Dekhenge….” It is now being translated in poetry in most of the Indian languages including the languages of South India.

The Tripura Chief Minister ManikSarkar had once urged the people of the state to resist the nefarious designs of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and the RSS.

“They will turn India into a theocratic state. They will decide what one will eat, wear or with whom one makes friends with.”
The power is slowly slipping from the hands of BJP / RSS like sand of the fist. ShaeenBagh is just a signal for things to come.

……………concluded

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Respect of Parent’s in Islam

Be good to your parents and your children will be good to you. – Imam Ali (AS) The very first thought that comes to mind when we think about parents is that they gave us life (by the Grace of God) and brought us into this wonderful world. They cared for us for all the years of our life till we were grown up; they loved us and conferred upon us the ideas to live a honest, merciful and independent – the most important lessons of life. They are the people who have fed us, bathed us, and clothed us. They have kept a roof over your head and food in your mouth. Parents were our all-weather protector, the greatest gift of God, an epitome of love and sacrifice.

Is is not the a reality of life that they were always ready to catch us when we fell? We do realize that they know far more than us and only wish that someday we have that much wisdom and knowledge when we become parents of our own. They were the one who appreciated and admired our minute achievements. They were our biggest cheerleaders. They have always been there to tell us just how proud of us they were for any of the just effort we made in life. They were our biggest supporters and the people who encouraged us to follow our dreams no matter how many times we tumbled down during the journey.

They were your best friends. Our parents are foundation blocks of the family that is maintained by strong bonds of love, affection, respect and sacrifice for every member. In Islam, it is incumbent upon its followers to treat their parents kindly. “And We have enjoined upon man, to his parents, good treatment.

His mother carried him with hardship and gave birth to him with hardship.” Surah Al-Ahqaf Chapter 46 Verse 15. “Your Lord has decreed that you shall not worship anyone except Him, and [He has enjoined] kindness to parents. Should they reach old age at your side —one of them or both— do not say to them, ‘Uff!’ And do not chide them, but speak to them noble words. Lower the wing of humility to them, out of mercy, and say, ‘My Lord! Have mercy on them, just as they reared me when I was [a] small [child]!’” Surah Israa Chapter 17 verses 23-24 Uff is an interjection expressing displeasure and exasperation, indicating that one has been put out of patience.

If Allaah has forbidden us to even say “uff” to our parents, then how about someone who hits them or turns them out or curses them? Once a Companion of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) asked him, “Who is it that deserves my good treatment most?” He replied: “Your mother”. The Companion asked again. “Who’s next?” He again replied “Your mother”. The Companion asked for a third time: “Who’s next?” Again Messenger of Allah (pbuh) replied: “Your mother”. Then for the fourth time the Companion asked: “Who’s after that?” Messenger of Allah (pbuh) replied: “Your father”. Taking care of parents is one of the highest acts of worship.

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Those who do great things are usually silent!

The history of Hindi poetry is extended over a period of almost one thousand years. Hindi verse literature as a whole can be divided into four yugas (kal or stages) – Adi Kal, Bhagti Kal, Ritee Kal and Adhunik Kal.

Adikal or Veergatha Kal (the Early Period) The Literature of this period belongs between 10th to 14th centuries. The poetry either highlights certain religious ideologies or praises the heroic deeds of the Rajput rulers and warriors in the form of verse-narrative (Kavya Rass). 

In the Veer Gatha Kal, our popular culture was saturated with themes of conflict, combat, and conquest. In the popular write-ups or folk traditions our heroes in that era were warriors. Even in Adhunik Kal, as a society, we like our celebrities to be cheeky, self-important, and even a bit narcissistic. Fortunately, our beloved prime minister Shri Naredra Modi is blessed to the brim with all these virtues.

As a chief minister of Gujarat he used to address directly to President of Pakistan as Miyan Musharraf. While many thought he was hitting above that weight, there were many who admired his delivery. It is another matter that he landed in Pakistan to celebrate some happy occasion with the family of then prime minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharief uninvited. It was a master stroke of courtesy and politics if you want to agree,

The young new prime minister of Pakistan was not unmindful of NaMo’s gesture to his predecessor. Imran Khan had recently remarked that BJP is the Party that is better placed to do business with Pakistan. He didn’t name Shri Narndra Modi Ji but it was all between the lines to read as everyone knows who wears the breaches in Indian power politics today.

However, the latest statement of Prime Minister Modi is clear indication that NaMo didn’t relish the compliments from across the border at least in this elections season.

Our prime minister announced with all conviction that India is no more afraid of nuclear threats from Pakistan. “Otherwise, Pakistan used to give nuclear threats. What do we have? Have we kept it for Diwali (Warna aay din nuclear button hai, ye kehte the. Hamare paas kya hai. Ye Diwali ke liye rakha hai kya)?” Mr. Modi said. He said Indian forces killed terrorists across the border without engaging in a war. “This is called a strong government. We have created fear among terrorist.” Modi made these remarks at an election rally in Barmer in Rajasthan on Sunday.

These kind of statements are not taken in positive spirit in comity of modern nations. I don’t recall if US President Truman had ever used such kind of expression before he bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki to dust and smithereens. The whole world knows that Pakistan is no match to India might is any equation of power and strength. We don’t need to remind Pakistan, a state that is crumbling under its own contradictions of failing economy, Martial Law and puppet politicians.

Mr. Modi said his government crushed the ego of Pakistan and “forced the neighbouring country to roam in world with begging bowl”.

One can always admire the combination of confidence and bravado but let us not forget that humility is among the most powerful trait of a leader. Humility of a powerful leader can’t be interpreted as a weakness or inadequacy, The humility of a real leader is always lauded as freedom from arrogance and pride. It is this absence of ego and inflated pride that imparts the weight in his words before deeds and actions.

The loud silence of our ex-prime minister Sardar Manmohan Singh was a wonderful example of that virtue.

For the intelligent masses, healthy confidence of their leader flows from genuine competence and self-worth or self-assurance. It can spring from a passionate point of view about finding a better way and being a tireless pioneer in finding that way.

On the contrary, the unhealthy confidence flows from a position of being pampered as expert/guru with the leadership-zapping trait of arrogance. The arrogant expert typically conveys sentiments like, “I said that; I did that” and “I am more than you.”

Reacting to the statement made by Shri Modi, the leaders of the Congress and regional parties in Jammu and Kashmir hit out at Narendra Modi calling it “boastful” and “irresponsible”. Senior Congress leader Anand Sharma and Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh criticised Modi’s remark as “irresponsible”.

“PM Narendra Modi’s election speeches and irresponsible statements point to the growing desperation in the BJP. Prime Minister’s boastful claims of being ready for a nuclear missile attack on Pakistan and US intervention are uncalled for and not in interest of national security,” Sharma tweeted.

Sharma’s reaction was also in reference to Modi’s comments in Patan in Gujarat that after Indian Air Force pilot Abhinandan Varthaman was held by Pakistan, a senior American official on the second day said that “Modi has kept 12 missiles ready and might attack and the situation will deteriorate”. “Pakistan announced return of the pilot or else it was going to be a ‘qatal ki raat'(a night of bloodshed),” the prime minister had said. 

Sharma also said the Congress would like to remind Modi that these elections are about unemployment, farm distress and the betrayal of the voters on electoral promises.

Every Indian is proud of the valour of our forces and our nuclear capabilities, but the government cannot hide behind this, he said, adding, “India needs answers.”

Reminding Prime Minister Narendra Modi that ‘Rashtrapita’ is Mahatma Gandhi and India is celebrated as the world’s largest democracy. It will be a sad moment that India is globally judged & you are equated with Kim Jong-un for making threatening statements of nuclear strike,” Sharma added.

PDP president Mehbooba Mufti hit out at Modi for bringing nuclear bombs in the political discourse, saying if India has not kept the nuclear bomb for Diwali, Pakistan has not kept it for Eid.

National Conference leader Omar Abdullah, also a former chief minister, said threat of nuclear annihilation was not a ‘PUBG’ game where one can hit the reset button to restore normal life.

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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