From JallinwalahBagh to ShaheenBagh

Zamana bade shouque se sun rahatha,
hameen so gaye dastan kehtey kehtey.”

The world was listening with rapt attention;
It were we who slept while narrating the story.

The country is still listening carefully once again when the clarion call of “Save Constitution, Save Democracy and Save India” is emanating from the ramparts of ShaheenBagh, Okhla, New Delhi. Today, this voice raised from AMU, JMI, JNU and ShaheenBagh is redefining Secularism and Indian masses slowly but steadily paying heed to it. Hundreds of ShaheenBaghs are burgeoning all over the country. Indian Secularism is finding its way back into public discourse. The innocent Indian public has begun to realise that the Preambles and Values of Indian Constitution are worth fighting for.

It’s not surprising that ordinary Indians irrespective of caste, creed and religion are participating in the protests that are being organised against CAA and NCR and NPR – the new inductions that erode the credibility of a healthy democracy. Indians are observing that instead of Improving economy, creating jobs and good governance this RSS inspired government is dividing the Indians on religious grounds. If this outfit succeeds in its scheme, this India won’t remain an India of ‘dreams of Gandhi’ but a facsimile of Theoretical Hindu Pakistan.In an India of RSS’ Hindutva, the idea of tolerance and inclusivity would be rendered sterile. The cacophony of the ‘we’ and ‘other’ has already poisoned the minds of young generation; a lot of them have been brainwashed. It’s a sinister agenda and undoubtedly, a putative attempt to isolate the biggest minority of Indian nation.

However, the nation as a whole is awakened by now and the crude attempt of BJP to marshal the might of State with violence, rancour and vendetta is losing steam. It would never succeed to subjugate the voice of REASON. Now, most of the countrymen – the vigilant citizens are joining together to defend the values of Indian Constitution. They are exposing the divisive agenda of Jaundiced rulers that has, so far, refused to lend its ears. For BJP, there is no common ground left for civilized dialogue; for RSS and the rest of the country, it has become a struggle over two mutually exclusive ideas of India.

The nervousness is evident from ad-hoc reactions of BJP governed States. Its leaders are confused rather they have lost their bearings.

They’re firing like loose cannons.And in this backdrop, the BJP government seems to have lost the road as well as the road map. In the world perception India has been placed in the category of ‘Flawed Democracies.’ The world is watching the way BJP governed States and Central government have been violently and intolerably responding to the peaceful demonstrations highlighting the Clarion Call of SECULARISM from ShaheenBagh. The Nagpur Syndrome is not allowing the prejudiced rulers to show concern and pay heed to this ‘Vintage Gandhian Assertion’ that is perhaps the strongest challenge to Fanaticism in the history of India so far.

Especially for a few weeks, the country is showered with provocative, mischievous and threatening statements from Saffron Firmament.
Our West Delhi BJP MP ParveshVerma on this Monday openly threatened ShaheenBagh protesters saying that it will take the BJP only an hour to clear off the protests in the area.

“If the BJP comes to power in Delhi on February 11, we will clear ShaheenBagh of all protest and protesters within one hour. Not a single person will be visible,” he said, appealing people to vote for the BJP in the upcoming elections. Verma added within one month all the existing mosques built on government land will be demolished if the BJP forms government in Delhi. Will someone inform his that more than 50 mosques in Delhi are under control of Archaeological Control even today, It is the other way round. He was addressing a crowd at a community centre in Ranhoula village which falls under the Vikaspuri Assembly constituency in West Delhi.ParveshVerma is the son of BJP politician Saheb Singh Verma that makes a mockery of BJP’s plank of Anti-Vanshwad.

In the show bravado, the BJP’s Anurag Thakur, Union Minister of State for Finance, urged a crowd at an election rally in Delhi to say “goli maaro” – or shoot down traitors – in a widely-shared video that is being examined by the Election Commission.

The minister, who was campaigning for the BJP candidate in Rithala in North West Delhi for the February 8 Delhi election, can be seen prompting “desh ke gaddaronko…“, to which the crowd responds “…golimaaro sa***n ko“; the entire chant translates to “shoot down the traitors who betray the country”. The video was taken at a rally on Monday. Several BJP leaders were present at the time. The BJP candidate from Rithala, Manish Chaudhary, was also on stage when the slogan was being chanted. Later, Home Minister Amit Shah arrived and addressed the same rally. Asked who he believed were the “traitors” who need to be shot down, a defiant Mr Thakur told reporters: “First you should watch the entire video… Then you should see the mood of the people of Delhi.”

Mr Thakur, as junior minister of finance, is part of the team involved in the Union Budget to be announced on Saturday amid a sharp slowdown and worrying growth.

And here is latest threat or howler from Sakshi Maharaj, who had once asked a Girl to unbutton her jeans to show her injuries sustained during a raid in Unnao.
“Those who’re used to receive the kicks won’t bother about dialogue. A day will come when strict action is imminent.”

Public memory is not so week and they could easily recall the statement of Amit Shah, the then BJP General Secretary, in 2014 at Raajhar – a village in western UP. He had issued a call for ‘revenge’ against those who were ‘protecting’ the alleged killers of Jats.
Following his footsteps, Yogi Adityanath who holds a responsible Constitutional position of Chief Minister of the largest State of India, made the most threatening statement :
“Congress party ke netritva me tukde-tukde gang jo Dilli ke ashanti ke liye zimmedar hai, isko dand dene ka samaya agya hai…..” (The Congress-led tukde-tukde gang is responsible for spoiling the peaceful atmosphere in Delhi. The time has come to punish them.)
“Kyunki yeh sab chinhit chehre hain. Wo sab videography mein aachuke hain, CCTV ke footage meina achuke hain. In sab ki property kozapt karke, inse hum iska badla lenge aur sakhti se nipatne ke liye maine iske baare mein kaha hai.” (All their faces have been identified. They are visible in the videography and CCTV footage. We will take revenge by confiscating their properties, I have ordered strict action.)

It is not Yogi speaking in the personal capacity; it is the CM of UP who is supposed to implement law and order in the state. It is the language of fanatical Ideology, an expression of power and arrogance. It reflects that RSS has now begun to understand that ground under its feet is slowly but surely cutting. These sudden fustian sixers of anger from the top echelons is reading the writing on the wall. It is a panic-driven campaign – a gamble of Saffron Brigade to bring back its core vote bank that might have been losing its interest about saffronisationoIndia.

Looming ahead are Delhi elections where AAP seems to be poised for spectacular victory. The gain the lost round, the flare up of communal fire, the ignition of Hindutva cannon using CAA etc could be helpful in the strategy of BJP’s think-tank. It could never be a dignified opinion otherwise when a Home Minister of the largest democracy upon earth proclaims:
“When you press the button (of EVM) on February 8, do so with such anger that its current (poll result) is felt at ShaheenBagh.” Today, at ShaheenBagh, thousands of women have been in a 24/7 sit-in protest since December 15 against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). The peaceful protests here have inspired several such protests across the country.

The whole world knows that protests in ShaheenBagh erupted spontaneously in opposition to the Citizenship Amendment Act, the National Register of Citizens and the National Population Register. It was mainly led by women, the protests have continued uninterrupted for more than a month now. The road blockage at ShaheenBagh have led to a tussle between the Delhi police and the protesters.

And a few old sayings are conjuring up in mind as I read the reactions against the psychedelic changes this peaceful hub of awakening is fostering in the minds of thinking Indians and old Bakts also. ShaheenBagh is turning as an eyesore for the Right Wing Political Strategist as well as the foot soldierswho are well anointed with the RSS’ socio-political and cultural grease:

“Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.”
“Despotic power is always accompanied by corruption of morality.”
“Authority that does not exist for Liberty is not authority but force.”

And these threats by the RSS juggernaut reminds me of JallinwalahBagh massacre. On 13th April, 1919, people had gathered to protest against the arrest of the two nationalist leaders, Satya Pal and Dr SaifuddinKitchlew. Suddenly, a British military officer, General Dyer, entered the park with his troops. Without even giving a warning to the people to disperse, he ordered his troops to fire at the unarmed crowd for ten minutes and when their ammunition was exhausted. In those ten minutes, according to the estimates of the Congress, about a thousand persons were killed and about 2000 wounded. The bullet marks can be still seen on the walls of the JallianwalaBagh which is now a national memorial.

There were no official data on the number of deaths during the JallianwalaBagh Massacre. But on the official enquiry of the British revealed that there were 379 deaths and the Congress quoted more than 1000 people died in the massacre.

According to Wikipedia, one Hans Raj (born c. 1890s) who was an Indian became an approver for the British government. Historians have debated whether he was an agent for the police all along or simply took the opportunity to save his own skin by testifying for the British. For several independent knowledgeable writers, he was behind the planning of that massacre.

Rabindranath Tagore, who had been knighted by the British, renounced his knighthood. In his letter to the viceroy, he declared: “The time has come when the badges of honour make our shame glaring in their incongruous context of humiliation and I for my part wish to stand shorn of all special distinctions, by the side of those of my countrymen, who for their so-called insignificance, are liable to suffer a degradation not fit for human beings”. The massacre marked a turning point in the history of the struggle for freedom.

The abject story of Power-Drunk rule seems to repeat after a lapse of a century. Nothing would explain it better than the immense popularity of Faiz Ahmad ‘Faiz’ poem “Hum Dekhenge….” It is now being translated in poetry in most of the Indian languages including the languages of South India.

The Tripura Chief Minister ManikSarkar had once urged the people of the state to resist the nefarious designs of the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and the RSS.

“They will turn India into a theocratic state. They will decide what one will eat, wear or with whom one makes friends with.”
The power is slowly slipping from the hands of BJP / RSS like sand of the fist. ShaeenBagh is just a signal for things to come.


Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Have we given them proper sanctity or not ?

As a student of social sciences I can easily discriminate between a sympathetic comment and a snobbish, supercilious attitude that explains the motivational dynamics which underlie RWA. Please don’t confuse this RWA with ‘Resident’s Welfare Associations’ or the body of parvenu fortresses of new Indian culture. I’m talking about ‘Right Wing Authoritarianism’ that is trampling underfoot the secular democratic traditions of Mother India.

Minorities are disrespected in any country whenever they are treated merely as the addressees of the majority rules constraining the formulation and pursuit of their life-plans. An impression is created that being minority, the treatment meted out to them in politics and society is legitimately influenced by the majority judgment. A sense of helplessness prevails among them. It is understood that there is a group in the country that is superior and merciful and the other inferior groups – the receptor of mercies.

The message that the RSS wants to send to Minorities is that you are at the mercy of majority. And since the coming to power of the Modi-BJP government in May 2014 this RWA has emboldened its ambit which is a part of the RSS strategy to convert Secular India into a Hindu Rashtra.

The latest salvo is fired by fired by no other but the Union Minister Union Ravi Shankar Prasad who was responding to a question related to development having an impact on culture and diversity. The honorable minister enlightened the country with the following stately message at the annual ‘Mind Mine Summit’ organized by the ‘Hero Group’ in New Delhi:

“We salute diversity and culture of India. There are two ways of looking at it. Let me be very frank today. There has been campaign against us for a very long time, but today we are here because of the blessings of people of India. We have got 13 Chief Ministers of our own. We are ruling the country. Have we victimized any Muslim gentleman working in industry or service? Have we dismissed them? We don’t get Muslim votes.

I acknowledge very clearly, but have we given them proper sanctity or not? We have a problem with some of our friends. Mostly, the Leftist friends and journalists who entertain a pathological hatred against Narendra Modi. Good luck to them.””
It’s not that Indian Muslims are unfamiliar with such benign blathering at their expense but earlier such efforts were being pushed through at medium pace and into a limited space.

Now the magnitude and speed of such favors have stepped up exponentially. That RSS does not believe in diversity outside the majority compass and their underlying theme is that India belongs to the Hindus alone and so they dub Christianity and Islam as ‘foreign’ religions is now open in Indian skies.

This attitude and the supportive propaganda has relentlessly fueled violence, from the brutal burning of Pastor Graham Stewart Stains on January 23, 1999 in Manoharapur, Orissa, the honorific Kandhmal violence in Orissa 2008 to the introduction of the ‘Freedom of Religion’ Acts in states like Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh to the recent Gau Raksha victims at Muzaffarnagar and Alwar.

Responding to the minister’s remarks, the AIMIM chief and Lok Sabha MP from Hyderabad Asaduddin Owaisi on Saturday hit back at Union Minister for Information Technology and Law Ravi Shankar Prasad for his comments that the BJP has given Muslims ‘sanctity’ despite not receiving votes from the community.

“We (BJP) gave them sanctity? Who are ‘we’? It is the constitution that has given rights, our rights are protected under that,” Owaisi was quoted as saying by ANI. Also, the senior Congress leader and former union minister Salman Khurshid said: “I see no reason why someone should feel that a particular segment of society is unable to vote for them.

We should see who does not vote for us & find why and see if it can be addressed. Don’t know from where has ‘sanctity’ come in.”

I think the political patients of ‘foot n mouth disease’ and loose cannons of Indian RWA are hell bent to undo what PM Narendra Modi has been trying to do since he came to power!

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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On Teacher’s Day


Coming across old acquaintances is a wonderful feeling, more so, if these old acquaintances turn out to be one of your past teachers, it is a bonus. On Teacher’s Day I remember few teachers at primary school levels like Master Dulha Saheb and Durrenajaf Saheb, at college level,  Naqiuddin Saheb, Surendra Kumar Saharma Saheb, Master Anwar Saheb, Hasan Abbas Saheb, Hasan Wafa Saheb, Raghunath Singh Saheb, Ravindranath Kapoor Saheb and at AMU Aligarh, Dr Fazal Mohammed Saheb, Dr Abulhasan Siddiqui Saheb, Dr Irfan Saheb and Sir Brian Mige and Sir Edwin Mendoza at Oxford Street’s HTT College, London who have left their indelible marks on my life.

I’m sorry to miss more names that should have been included in this list. Today I spent a lot of time remembering and praying for the teachers who taught me. All of them would have taught so many thousands like me and maybe many of us students might have become very successful in various fields. We could be well placed, well respected, famous, rich or whatever and a large part of the credit would definitely go to these silent workers in our life. We can never ever forget their role in our lives.

My teachers loved, cared and tried to understand the embodiment of weakness that was I. They  forgave me for my foibles and in the end when many of them are no more I can’t fully explain how I feel their ever presence in my life. The teachers are only supposed to teach but they invariably ended up doing much more than were expected of them. All of us have so many fond memories of our teachers who did in some way or the other contribute to us becoming what we are today. They molded us into individuals to face the world and situations.

I came across a quote somewhere which went something like, “Every situation we face is a learning experience and every person we come across is our teacher.

In every walk of our life we have come across people who have taught us something. Some by giving up a pep and support when it was needed and some who let me down in the worst crucial moments of my life.

Let us always remember with gratitude that, “I do not completely make myself, God makes me, using many others.” I end with the beautiful lyrics of the Bette Midler song ‘Wind Beneath My Wings’ which is apt for everyone who has ever taught us:

…Did you ever know that you’re my hero,
and everything I would like to be?
I can fly higher than an eagle,
for you are the wind beneath my wings.

It might have appeared to go unnoticed,
but I’ve got it all here in my heart.
I want you to know I know the truth, of course I know it.
I would be nothing without you…

…fly high against the sky,
so high I almost touch the sky.
Thank you, thank you,

I thank God for you my teacher , the wind beneath my wings.

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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The frequent unpleasant, unfortunate and avoidable controversy of Moon Sighting

It is in the domain of  the religious scholars to decide what procedure and process is to be adopted to make sure that moon indicating the arrival of Eid-ul-Fitr is sighted or not.

I’m an ordinary Muslim and I find myself at my wit’s end when once in few years we encounter the same controversy, same confusion and same inconsistency of the decision maker. We find our Ulemas measuring swords against each other about a simple physical appearance. We fast and pray the whole month and I’m sure none of us wants to shorten the period of 30 days fast to 29 dys. We have had enough of food festivals in the holy month.

Our refrigerators were filled with Seher and Iftar essentials. We have had ensured the finest of Eid dresses that were ready on time, and we had occasionally thought of our poor relatives also arranging Iftars in mosques, social and political gatherings so that people must realize and accept our status in society. Allah has showered His bounties upon us and we are thankful to Allah Almighty for that. We think of poor sometimes in this month.

But one suspense that fails the imaginations of Ibne Safi, James Hadley Chase and Agatha Christi hangs like Domocle’s sword – Tomorrow there would be Eid or not?

For many of us the celebration of Eid al-Fitr should be tied to the sighting of the moon in each country and should not be linked with the celebration of Eid al-Fitr in Saudi Arabia. It is Moon Sightingone issue where there is emphasis upon the disunity as the time difference is vital. But there should be unity in every country until and unless is too large like a continent. Between the cities and town situated in the neighboring provinces there should be no differences.

What does the Muslim unity mean? It means that all Muslims should treat each other with brotherly sympathy and affection and should not spread disorder and dissention among them. Nor should they invent new ideas foreign to the teachings of Quran and the Sunnah which may lead to division and conflict among Muslims.

We have evolved the idea of Central Ruet-i-Hilal Committee (the official body for moon sighting and the authority which declares the official start of Islamic months) or some Moulana from Lucknow with their bloated egos but we always juggle with their ability or inability to see the moon. We blame the poor weather, the absence of evidence and some strange undecipherable politics of Moulanas and Ruet-i-Hilal Committee. It is pathetic that in modern times when the other races are conquering the journey of Moon we’re fighting about the sight of moon.

We, the Muslims, in all of our communities and sects are blessed with Scientific Scholars who can help us to reach upon a reasonable conclusion about the sighting of moon. Isn’t possible for our Ulemas to sit together with the scientific gentry and understand this moon business?? There are plenty of modern scientific tools that can help us resolve this issue.

If we shed our ego and meet with open mind and honest approach then it is not an issue at all. Science has no prejudice. It is based on proven facts. A section of Islamic scholars believe that seeing the moon with the naked eye should be the criterion for declaring the start of a new month. A smaller section advocates that we can rely solely on the calculations, and there is no need to visually see the moon. The official and unofficial moon sighting committees ask people to testify if they have seen the moon.

Today, astronomy can accurately establish the time of birth of the new moon with the accuracy of seconds, and its likelihood of being visible. So, what is the harm in using this astronomical basis to reject a claimed sighting which could not possibly be correct? Can’t we sit together – our Shia and Sunni Ulema with the Muslim’s Scientific Community before the final declaration of moon sight in evey specific region at least, and save ourselves from becoming the but of jokes before other advance people?

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Stop ‘Cruelty’ in the name of ‘Religion’

Whoever digs a pit will fall into it; if someone rolls a stone, it will roll back on them. If you set a trap for others, you will get caught in it yourself. If you roll a boulder down on others, it will crush you instead.

The Frankenstein West has created with the help of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, other Middle East royals and Israel is seeking the blood of its creators. It has now gone totally out of control and taking the toll of the innocent lives around the globe without discrimination and with impunity.

In Qatif, a famous oasis mainly populated by Shia minority of Saudi Arabia,  two suicide bombers blew themselves up one after the other outside the Faraj Al-Omran Mosque. No casualties were reported. A witness said a car bomb was detonated near the mosque, which was followed by a suicide attack just before 7 p.m. Police have launched an investigation into the attack.

It would be interesting to recall that Daesh had carried out a series of bombing and shooting attacks in Saudi Arabia since 2014 that have killed scores of people, mostly Shiites and members of the security services. In January, a suicide bomber attacked a mosque in Al-Ahsa, killing four people before worshippers disarmed and tied up an accomplice who had shot at them. In October last year, a gunman opened fire on worshippers in Qatif, killing five people before he was shot dead by police.

The attacks against Shia Minority continue with the connivance of WAHABI establishment that is the running the country.

And in Jeddah,before that at 2:15 a.m., a suicide bomber blew himself up near the US Consulate in Jeddah. Security officers confronted him as he moved suspiciously at a parking lot of the Dr. Soliman Fakeih Hospital. Two policemen were wounded lightly in the attack. The bomber was name as Abdullah Qalzar Khan, an expat from Pakistan, who lived in Jeddah with his wife and her parents and came to the country 12 years ago to work as a private driver. Photos taken from the scene showed the bomber’s body dismembered by the blast.

After, Istanbul, Dacca and Baghdad, the Daish, Al Qaida or any other name of terrorists outfits you may recall, have targeted the holiest site of Islamic world. Four policemen were killed and five others were injured in Madinah when a suicide bomber struck in the vicinity of a police post outside the Prophet’s Mosque, according to the interior ministry.

The bombing took place in a parking lot between the city court and the mosque, visited by millions every year. When security officials became suspicious of an individual who was heading to the Prophet’s Mosque they approached him resulting in him triggering his explosive belt killing four of the officers and injuring others. Saudi-owned al-Arabiya television said an initial death toll from the Medina blast included three suicide bombers and two security forces officers.

A video sent to Reuters by a witness to the aftermath of the Medina bombing showed a large blaze among parked cars in the fading evening light, with a sound of sirens in the background. Videos circulated on social media showed a car burning and at least two security officers lying on the ground and two others lay crumpled near a burning car. The bomber also died in the attack, which took place at the time of iftar. No worshipper was injured in the attack, said a press correspondent from the scene. The blast came after mosques were targeted in both Jeddah and Qatif.

It seems to be coordinated campaign of attacks by the so-called Islamic Terrorists around the globe to revenge heir defeat in Iraq and Syria. The attacks all seem to have been timed to coincide with the approach of Eid al-Fitr, the holiday that celebrates the end of the fast.

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Hijab -A matter of discussion

Let us try to understand the word Hijab (veil) before going in to further details. Many people like to refer to Hijab as a “personal choice”. Yes. It is a personal choice. It is a personal choice to submit to God rather than the fashion of society. It is a choice to be beautiful to God, rather than to people.Hijab However, Hijab should not just be seen as a cloth one puts on the head. Rather Hijab is a symbol of our worship and servitude to God. It is a symbol of modesty, that is not just about our attire; it extends to our whole demeanor. Let us turn our attention to The Holy Qur’an.

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent (like both eyes for necessity to see the way, or outer palms of hands or dress like veil, gloves, head cover, apron), and to draw their veils all over Juyoobihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband’s fathers, or their sons, or their husband’s sons, or their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of feminine sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allah to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful”

[Al-Noor 24:31] 

My personal experience

I am a girl who born and bought up in Delhi, still putting my Hijab on wasn’t actually a hard decision for me.
For some Muslim women, it is a real jihad as they can’t imagine themselves wearing a Hijab and covering their hair. I met many Muslim women who were praying, fasting, going to religious meetings, seeking Islamic knowledge, yet they always found excuses why not to wear their Hijab.

Few couplets on Hijab by my father “Sikandar Amrohvi”:

Daur-e-hazir mein taraqqi kar rahi hain aurtein,
Dekho parde mein bhi rehkar har amal mein saath hain

Ye kaun keh raha hai rukawat Hijab hai,
Parde mein bhi jahaz udati hain aurtein

During my school days, I just felt it is impossible to walk in with Hijab in hot summer days, at that time I used to wear Hijab just in winters to protect myself from cold wind. I used to wear my Hijab only during our visit to my Hometown, Amroha but I was always thinking of wearing it outside as well.
After high school Allah responded to my supplications and helped me to finally accept the Hijab completely. When I joined Delhi University, apart from choosing so called happening life style of DU campus I choose to wear Hijab to retain my dignity and to protect myself from shaitan. Most of the friends accepted me with Hijab in fact some of them support and appreciate me while some of them demoralized me with some hurtful comments. I would like to tell my sisters that it’s not as hard to wear Hijab as it seems, it’s just to take a challenge, and accept the reality, try to live a life the way we have learnt from Qura’n.

I do wear trendy clothes and a scarf/Hijab. My clothing is modest. Allah makes Islam easy and tells us to do everything in moderation. Looking presentable and neat is also important especially if you are a Muslim because you are representing Islam.

When we are discussing Hijab, it might come to one’s mind that it’s a kind of marginalization of women, who have to preserve their beauty away from the eyes of all the people except the woman’s husband or some of her relatives. But is it really true that Hijab causes women to be suppressed or marginalized? To be able to answer this question we may look at the advantages of its wearing.

Benefits of Wearing Hijab

Wearing Hijab has being observing a modest Muslim style of dressing offers these benefits:

Represent Purity
Hijab is an indication of dignity and purity. It highlights women as chaste and pure women. I think, the Hijab acts like a shield between chaste Muslim women and the World’s evil.

Protect from male harassment
Research shows that one of Hijab’s most important advantages is the security of the society that clears it from crimes, rape, incest, harassment in daily life, etc. looking at this advantage affirms the idea that by taking off their Hijab social crimes are increasing. I personally feel that if Hijab is observed in true sense by all of us, half of the problems existing in our society related to women will be solved. Maybe we can create a better society for coming generations by opting for Hijab.

Scientific Benefits Of Wearing Hijab:
Protecting the head is very important from a health perspective. Results Of medical tests show that 40-60% of body heat is lost through the head during winters and in summer hijab protects our head from direct sunlight and heatwave, so persons wearing head coverings are protected from cold and heat about fifty-percent more than those who do not.

All these are my personal opinions and feelings about Hijab. Please leave your feedback/comments.

Nuzha Fatima

She was born and bought up in Delhi. Graduated from Jamia Millia Islamia Sr. Sec. School in 2011 and received an undergraduate degree in 2014 in Botany from Delhi University. She earned a degree Bachelor of Education in 2015 from Indraprastha University. She started writing diary at very early age.

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“Shia-Sunni Unity” – a must for survival

This author belongs to a Floral SuShi Family, a very common old tradition among Muslim society all over the world. Our family life is a glittering example of Shia-Sunni Co-existence and Cooperation. In my childhood, the differences between the two major Muslim sects were more dealt in theological gatherings and masses were not deeply involved. With the advent of ‘Petro Dollar’ and boost of New Ideologies more than seventy sects of Islam began to assert their separate doctrines and got actively engaged in the deadly internecine fight that is forcing the tears of our existence at the seams. Now every sect calls the other sects as INFIDEL with a difference of degree and intensity. I worked through my life to understand this cleavage and discover the reason but miserably failed to decide the side which is RIGHT in absolute terms. My feeling of being torn between the Doctrines of Shia Islam and Sunni Islam has often driven me to despair and nervous breakdown. And every new quest for truth leads me sadder, to an even worse condition. Ironically, several individual leaders, form both the major Muslim sects sincerely seek to please God at the expense of other sect with expedition.

Since the inception of Islam, the history of Muslim rulers is drenched in the blood of its followers, leaders and friends – both political and spiritual as well. How agonizing that the second, third and fourth Caliph of Sunni Islam were massacred while many Imams and scholars of Shia Islam were mercilessly killed by the followers of Islam. They  were all martyrs. Violence ran deeper in its anatomy of our progress and the tradition is still adhered in terms of words and spirit as blood spills in mosques and Imambargahs. However there is one incontrovertible truth that stands out in the sorry tale – the Shias, the minority if Islam had always been at the receiving end of violence.
Is it not the time ripe for the silent majority of both the communities to come together through dialog to defeat the terrorists who have been responsible for these madness and heinous killings?

Friday is the auspicious day for all Muslims – Sunnis and Shias both. On this day of the last week around 150 Shias were killed, 360 injured in Sanna, Yemen and 2 Shias were done to death and several others injured in Karachi, Pakistan. For the Muslim Ummah it’s a Black Day.
According to press resources, in the mosques of Sanna, suicide bombers entered pretending to be disabled and hiding explosives under casts. Pictures of people removing bodies from one of the mosques where a carpeted floor was littered with debris were seen all over. In the assaults at Al Badr mosque and Al Hashoosh mosque in Sanaa, the first blasts happened inside the buildings, followed two minutes later by explosions outside. At Al Badr mosque, the outdoor explosion was another suicide bombing; at Al Hashoosh mosque, the exterior blast was a car bomb. The mosques serve members of the Zaidi sect of Shiite Islam, the sect to which the rebel Houthi militants belong.
The blood of tourists killed at the museum in Tunisia by ISIS on Wednesday was not yet dried. The recent suicidal attack at Sanna illustrates the expanding focus for ISIS, which controls parts of Syria and Iraq. It proves the solid support they are getting from their backers. A written statement, purportedly from ISIS, claimed that ISIS executed Friday’s attacks, calling them “a tip of an iceberg.” The statement, posted on a site that previously carried ISIS proclamations, said five suicide bombers targeted Houthis in Sanaa. A separate audio message, also posted on ISIS-affiliated websites, claimed five ISIS suicide bombers killed dozens of “Houthi infidels.”
Among those killed in Sanaa was prominent Houthi religious leader Murtatha Al Mahathwari.

The Al Houti Tribe had long felt marginalized by the majority Sunnis in Yemen and have battled the central government for more than a decade. They finally decided to take up the matter to decisive end and gradually took control of the presidential palace in January and forcing President Hadi to resign.The mosque attacks came six months after the Houthis had entered Sanaa. Hadi was initially put under house arrest but escaped and flew to Aden declaring himself still President.
Just to carry forward my argument I’m quoting a portion of famous Islamic Scholar Sheikh Ahmed Deedat’s speech:

“I say why can’t you accept the Shia brothers as a fifth Fiqh. And the astonishing thing is that he (Ayatullah Khomeni) is telling you that he wants to be one with you. He is not talking about being Shia. He is shouting “there is no Sunni nor Shia there is one thing, Islam.” But we say to them “no you are different you are Shia.” This attitude is a sickness of the devil. He wants to divide us.
Can you imagine we Sunnis are 90% of the Muslim world and the ten percent who are Shias want to be partners and brothers with you in faith and the 90% are terrified. I can’t understand why should you the 90% be so terrified. They should be the ones terrified. And if you just knew the feelings that they have for you. During Jummah prayers in Iran, there are a million people. And you should see the way they look at you when you pass by, they recognize that you are a foreigner and not one of them and tears start rolling down their cheeks. This is the feeling that they have for you, but you say no, you want to keep they out, afraid that they will absolve you. You can only be absolved if there is something better than what you have. I don’t know, maybe some of you think I am a Shia, but I’m still with you all here.
What is all this Shia-Sunni tensions? It is all politics. These antagonisms we have are all politics now. If a Sunni brother somewhere does something wrong you say oh the individual is not being very Islamic, he is a kaffir, But if a Shia does something wrong you want to condemn the whole Shia community, the whole nation of millions, and say they are all rubbish just because one Shias actions are not very Islamic. At the same time where we look the other way if one of your relatives does something serious because he is your father or your uncle. One group of Sunnis says to another “you are not a Muslim” another group of Sunnis says “you are not a Muslim you are a kaffir” look that’s among us, and we fight among ourselves. And some of us do funny things.” End of the portion of Ahmed Deedat’s speech.

It is so heartrending to observe that Shia-Sunni violence has been on the rise in the last few years in Middle East and Pakistan.

Can’t we say – Now enough is enough? There is a silver-lining to these darker clouds. In Iraq, it is estimated that up to 30 percent of marriages are between Shias and Sunnis; victims of violence between the two groups frequently attend each other’s funeral prayers; one group often helps the other’s victims after an incident.

Even a green horn of Islamic Theology knows that the differences between Shia and Sunni are more political in nature while basic tenets of both are identical. Can’t we just leave them, forget them and wait for the Day of Judgment; these are better left for God to judge, as He knows best and has said in the Quran that ‘He is the final judge of religious disagreements.’

The killing of Shias or Sunnis will not resolve these disputes. The principle of “no compulsion in matters of faith” (Quran 2:256) is not just limited to Muslim-non-Muslim relations. It applies to Muslim interpretations of Islam as well. This instruction of God serves as a guideline for the Muslim community to not impose one’s interpretation on others. That is why throughout history, not only have Hanafis and Shafis worked with each other despite differences, but Shias and Sunnis have lived and worked side by side with each other as well.
Can’t we come closer and be decent and respectful to the thinking of each other? When human beings sit down and talk to each other, they learn to respect each other. Dialog allows parties to understand each other better by allowing participants to acquire direct knowledge about beliefs instead of relying on propaganda and stereotypical images. (Quran 49:6-12)
Serious and sincere exchange of thought, dialogues would isolate the extremist fringe. By talking to each other, Shias and Sunnis will be able to save lives, which is like saving the whole of humanity.
Even if some Shias and Sunnis consider each other enemies, the Quran asks us to be just even toward one’s enemy “O you who believe! Stand out firmly for God, as witnesses to fair dealing, and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just: that is next to Piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do.” [Quran 5:8]
It is hard reality that the Shia community like Sunnis is also diverse. There are many differences between one Shia group and another. This is why it is important that dialog between Sunnis and Shias becomes a movement and a process throughout society instead of everyone waiting for one high powered dialog to yield some results at the leadership level.

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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Mango cultivation in Amroha – how to increase its productivity

Amroha is the land of mangoes and carps… it looks mysterious because we couldn’t understand the relation between mangoes and carps at first instance. Although Amroha is an ancient place and has rich history but its cultural revolution taken place in medieval times when Hazrat Syed Sharfuddin Shahwilayat (ra) reached Amroha. He came from Middle East (Iraq) and instructed (as per folks) that you should go to the place and reside there where you will find mangoes and carps (rohu fish). No doubt that he came across many towns and cities before reaching Amroha which surely have carps and mangoes because in north India you can find mango and rohu fish at almost every place from Lahore to Punjab to Amroha. Aam and rohu is very common to most of the towns if not all. So why he choose only Amroha to live?. Surely there might be some other reasons against this common belief to reside in Amroha but this is still a mystery and we will speculate it in future inshallah . Whatever is the reason but now Amroha is famous for mangoes. So this article is written for mango cultivators of Amroha (recommendations are general which can be follow at any place in northern India). About carps we will discuss in some other articles.

Centuries old culture of mango cultivation in Amroha
Amroha has more than 100 types of descripted and non-descripted varieties of mangoes, so its diversity is very high which make Amroha unique place for mangoes. There are so many fruits in the world but no other fruit has same value as that of mango. Some people called it King of Fruits (phalo ka raja). As per my opinion it is absolutely true and it has some uniqueness and that uniqueness is hidden in its diversity. Now see this, you eat apple it has same taste whether it is Himachali, Kashmiri or from United Kingdom, same is true for litchi, chiku or grapes. But when you eat dusseri you will have absolutely different taste sensation than landga or chaunsa. Although all are mangoes having same physiology but taste is different and no mango is superior to other on the basis of taste. All are equally well and I love this variation. Let us have a look for its commercial value and how we can improve the productivity.
Why I am sharing this knowledge – saving mango orchards – a tribute to my father
My farther also loved mangoes and he had taken orchards on rent during mango blossoming seasons. I loved to went those orchards along with him on cycle (not less than 15 Km from my home). He had passion for mangoes, although he hardly made any profits out of it but even then he always taken mango orchards on rent and use to live there in the nights. He taught me many practical things about mangoes like how to recognize variety by looking its shape and size. I was hardly 9 or 10 years old. He suffered huge losses and my mother scolded him for wasting money year after year. I wish I could help him to increase the productivity and help him to save his money with my knowledge, but he is not present today to take my help. But I want to reduce sufferings of farmers who are passing through same situations.
Mangoes – Brief account on its present status in India
Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is the choicest fruit of India in terms of not only production but also economic importance and acceptability by the consumers. It is grown in around 87 countries in the world but nowhere it is as greatly valued as in India where it covers around 36 per cent of total fruits growing area. Owing to delicious taste, succulence type and exotic flavour it enjoys the same popularity in the tropics as apple in the temperate region. India is the largest producer of choice table varieties of mango in the world. More than 1000 mango varieties are under cultivation in India, each differing in shape, size and taste. But the production share of mango in India is quite low (20.3%) with total annual production of only 15.19 million tons due to low productivity (6.6 tonnes/ha). Despite India has got excellent export mango varieties (Dashehari, grown in northern India, Alphonso and Kesar in western India and krishnabhog, Gulabkhas and Himsagar in  eastern India) it occupies just fourth position in mango export market of the world with Philippines being the first.
Among the different factors responsible for low productivity and low export potentiality,physiological disorders associated with mango is one of the main factor which affects mango cultivation at all stages, right from the plants in the nursery to the fruits in storage or transit. These physiological disorders not only reduce the production efficiency of the tree but also hamper the fruit quality which is the key factor for export, resulting huge economic losses to the growers every year. Therefore, to obtain higher mango production with better quality, utmost attention must be given to solve the problems of physiological disorders.
Details of different physiological disorders along with their management strategies are as follows:
Alternate Bearing: it means trees give fruits every third year (first, third, fifth like this) This is one of the most burning problems of mango cultivation as it renders mango cultivation less remunerative to growers. It causes huge economic burden over farmers and they suffer losses in the form of land depreciation and product stagnancy.
 It signifies the tendency of mango trees to bear a heavy crop in one year (on year) and very little or no crop in the succeeding year (off year). Most of the commercial varieties of north India, namely, Dashehari, Langra and Chausa are alternate bearers.
Reason: Generally mango trees when laden with fruits, they do not produce new shoots. Even after harvesting, if new shoots are produced, they are negligible in number and do not flower in the coming year because new vegetative flush of mango required a certain amount of maturity (8-10 months) for flower bud differentiation.
It can be understand; first year it flowers and gives fruits à in second year new shoots will be seen in march April à then in third years it fruits again.
Moreover, when a tree produces heavy crop in one season, it gets nutritionally exhausted failing to yield in following season. Besides climatic factors, C/N (carbohydrate/nitrogen) ratio and hormonal imbalance also play vital role to cause alteration in bearing in mango.
Management Strategies
·      Paclobutrazol (PP333) @ 4 g/tree as soil and foliar spray in September results early maturation of vegetative flush and commencement of flowering in the following year.
·         Deblossoming of some ‘on year’ flowers and pruning (selective removal of parts of a plant, such as branches, buds,) of the tree just after harvesting will maintain proper physiological balance  between vegetative and reproductive growth and permit ample amount of sunlight to reach the inner area of the orchard resulting in better performance of the tree every year. Moreover pruning also helps to produce some new shoots just after harvesting which may mature in the next flowering season.
·         Flowering in ‘off’ year’ can also be induced by smudging. Smudging in mango is carried out by building slow fires, emitting smoke under mango tree. Similarly, application of Ethrel can also induce flowering.
·         Growers who are in primitive stage of mango cultivation can select cultivars like Amrapali, Mallika, Ratna, Dashehari-51, Pusa Arunima, Pusa Shrestha, Pusa Pitambar, Pusa Lalima, Pusa Pratibha, Arka Anmol, Arka Aruna, Arka Puneet, Arka Neelkiran for commercial cultivation as they are regular bearing in nature. Rejuvenation of old mango tree by grafting or budding with regular bearing varieties are also recommended to convert the alternate bearing habit into regular one.
Mango Malformation: It means improper shape and size of mango which render it less attractive and poor economic value. During last few decades farmers particularly in northern India facing huge problem due to this disorder. Although, it was first observed in 1891 in Bihar but now it is an alarming threat in Punjab, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh.
It is mainly of two types: vegetative and floral.
Vegetative malformation is more common in nursery seedling and in young plants. Malformed vegetative shoots assume the appearance of bunchy top with narrow scaly leaves. Vegetative buds growing in cluster, swells and losses the apical dominance. Almost all the commercial mango cultivars like Bombay Green, Dashehari, Lucknow Safeda and Chausa show huge susceptibility to this malady, however the cultivar Baramasi is less affected. Cultivars like Ellaichi, Alib and Bhadauran are totally free from this disorder but their fruit quality being not superior; their use is limited to only for resistant breeding not for commercial cultivation. Scientist from different part of the country reported that a  fungi- Fusarium moniliformae var. subglutinans is highly associated with this disorder. Temperature range of 21-27°C (max.) and 8°C (min.) along with relative humidity of 85% during late winter or early spring is conducive for the growth of the fungi, resulting severe incidence of malformation on newly emerged panicles.
Management Strategies:
·         Application of NAA/ Planofix (200ppm) during October, prior to fruit bud differentiation followed by de-bloosming of newly emerged panicles or bud during January- February is beneficial to control the disorder.
·         Spraying of different phenolic compounds like catecal, cynamic acid, tannic acid during 1st week ofOctober at 2000 ppm is equally effective in reducing floral malformation.
·         Several anti-malformins have been suggested for beneficial results when sprayed on panicles just after emergence (4-6 cm). Sprays of glutathione at 2250 ppm, ascorbic acid at 2110 ppm, AgNO3 at 600 ppm have also been found effective to control the malformation.
·         Application of nutrients likes P & K and micronutrients especially Zn & B just after harvesting are quite effective in reducing the incidence of malformation. Application of moderate amount of N helped to minimize the vegetative malformation while Zn and B helped in biosynthesis of auxins which ultimately helps to reduce the incidence of mango malformation.
·         Removal of just emerged malformed panicles or vegetative shoots at a distance of 15-20 cm below the point of occurrence is beneficial to minimize the spread of disorder further.
Black Tip: This malady is widely prevalent in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. It causes considerable economic losses to the growers. Among the commercial cultivars, Dashehari is the highly susceptible one, while Lucknow Safeda is the least. This disorder has mainly detected in orchards located in the vicinity of brick kilns. Gases like carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and ethylene constituting the fumes of brick kiln, damage growing tip of fruits and give rise to the symptoms of black tip.
Management Strategies
·         Establishment of the orchards away from brick kiln by at least 1.6 km in east to west and 0.8 km in north to south direction and increasing the chimney height to at least 15- 18 metres can be preventive measures for this malady.
·         Spray 1 per cent borax (10g/lit) thrice first before flowering, second during flowering and third at fruit set stage is very effective. Moreover, spraying of other alkaline solutions like caustic soda (0.8%) orwashing soda (0.5%) at pea stage followed by two more sprays at 15 days interval may neutralize the acidic fumes of brick kilns, precipitating on the tip of the fruits.
Spongy Tissue: This is caused because ripening enzymes during fruit maturation stage become inactive due to high temperature, convective heat and post harvest exposure of fruit to sunlight which results in the development of non-edible, sour, yellowish and sponge like patch with or without air pocket in the mesocarp of the fruit during ripening. In extreme cases, the whole fleshy portion becomes too soft resembling bacterial rot.
·         Harvesting of fruits at 3/4th maturity stage and post harvest exposure to low temperatures between 10-150C for 10-18 hrs has been beneficial in reducing the disorder.
·         Sod culture with Eragrostis (Spartina) cynosuroides, cover cropping etc. should be used in the orchard to reduce direct heat radiation from soil which ultimately minimizes the raise of convective heat from the ground.
·         Use of black poly-ethylene mulch is recommended for spongy tissue prone orchards.
·         Resistant varieties for new cultivators like Ratna, Arka Puneet, Arka Aruna which have Alphonso  like character should be planted in the orchard.
Fruit Drop: Despite initial high fruit set, the ultimate retention is quite low in mango (only 0.1% perfect flowers develop fruit to maturity). The intensity of fruit drop varies from variety to variety. Among the commercially grown varieties, Langra is more susceptible to drop while Dashehari is the least. Fruit drop in mango is classified into three groups: (i) Pinhead drop, (ii) Post setting drop and (iii) pre-harvest drop (May drop).
The first two drops causes less economic losses to the growers but the third group is most destructive and cause huge economic losses to the growers as the fruits totally drop down at pre-harvesting stage.
Management Strategies
·         The extent of fruit drop in mango can be significantly reduced by regular and frequent irrigationsduring the entire fruit developmental period.
·         Orchards should be protected from desiccating winds (Andhi) by planting wind breaks.
·         Timely and effective control measures against major pests and diseases should be adopted.
·         Growth regulators like NAA and 2,4-D in varying concentration depending upon the variety and time of application can be sprayed. The optimum concentration lies between 10- 15 ppm during the month of April-May.
Clustering (Jhumka): It implies the development of fruits in clusters at the tip of the panicles (A panicle is a much-branched inflorescence). Such fruits do not grow beyond pea or marble stage and drop down after a month of fruit set. Mainly it is due to lack of pollination / fertilizationwhich may be attributed to many reasons such as the absence of sufficient population of pollinators in the orchards (lower bee and butterfly population), indiscriminate spray of pesticides during flowering,spraying of synthetic pyrethroids, monoculture and bad weather during flowering.
Management Strategies:
·         Spraying of pesticides during flowering should be avoided. Apart from this, monoculture in the orchard should be avoided by planting at least 5-6 per cent of other cultivars in new plantations.
·         Introduction of beehives in the orchards during flowering season for increasing the number of pollinators.
Internal Fruit Necrosis: It is characterized by the appearance of dark green colour in lower half of the fruit followed by browning of the seed and mesocarp which ultimately turned into brown black necrotic lesion. It is mainly due to boron deficiency.
Internal fruit necrosis
Management Strategies
This disorder can be corrected by soil or foliar application of boron. For soil application, Borax @ 500 g per tree should be incorporated at the time of October fertilization. Foliar application of 1 % borax is recommended at the time of fruit set (pea size stage) followed by two more sprays at 10-15 days interval which will minimize the disorder to a great extent.
Leaf scorching in mango: The characteristic symptom is akin to that of potash deficiency i.e.scorching of old leaves at the tips or margins. The leaves fall down and consequently, the tree vigour and yield is reduced. It is mainly due to excess of chloride ions which render potash unavailability. This disorder is more common in saline soils or where brackish water is available for irrigation or where muriate of potash is used as a fertilizer to meet the potash requirement of the plants.
Management Strategies
·         It can be checked effectively by collecting and burning the fallen leaves and using potassium sulphate instead of muriate of potash.
·         Acute condition can be cured by 4-5 foliar applications of potassium sulphate on newly emerged flushes at fortnightly intervals.


Conclusion: Among all the physiological disorders associated with mango, none is due to a single factor but all are due to the amalgamation of several factors like genetic factors, environmental factors, nutritional imbalance, poor cultural practices in the orchard, etc. So, it is very difficult bring a affected orchard into a healthy orchard in a single step within one or two years. But proper cultural and management practices like application of required fertilizers at proper stage, pruning of some old branches just after harvesting, debloosming of some flower buds during February-March,application of recommended plant growth regulators at proper stage etc. can prevent the disorders to a large extent.

BJP-Shiva Sena Clash of Ego and Turf



Nothing succeeds like success. BJP and PM Modi are riding the high tide these days. So goes the scenario between BJP and Shiva Sena in Maharashtra. BJP has got the upper hand. It is said that your deeds come home to roost. Make a little variation. Your words come back to haunt. Add a pinch of salt – You have to be sorry for what you had said, especially when you are now being rendered a weak performer in the fight. You do still want to join the tea-party. The winner, after defeat, should share the spoils of war. Sources say that the BJP’s central leadership wanted Shiv Sena president Uddhav Thackeray to feel sorry for his earlier remarks against Prime Minister Narendra Modi and party chief Amit Shah. It was generally believed that BJP & Shiva Sena would ultimately join together to form the government. They might still come together one day. It is only a matter of time only. But no for now.
To call someone Afzal Khan is usually unwelcome but to call the Star Campaigners of BJP ‘Afzal Khan’ is mortal sin of today’s Maharashtra politics. Udhave Thackrey was addressing a public rally at Tuljapur and it was before their dreams of upper hand in forthcoming assembly were not yet shattered. He had the audacity to say, “What are they up to? First Modi comes to campaign, then his entire cabinet team campaigns for votes in Maharashtra. They are like Afzal Khan’s aulad, trying to conquer this state.”
Now, the tables are turned. Shiva Sena is dispensable. BJP can do without them – politically, numerically and ideologically. So, while the BJP had already elected Mr. Devendra Fadnavis as its legislature party leader on Tuesday, it kept its former ally, the Shiv Sena, in the limbo.
How could the BJP leadership forget what ‘Saamna’, the mouthpiece of Sena had written in its editorial? “The BJP ignored Sena after the Lok Sabha win. The Sena played a significant role, otherwise even Modi’s father would not have been able to win majority in the Lok Sabha polls.”
The BJP general secretary J P Nadda had claimed that the talks between Sena and BJP were underway. ‘We want to have Sena as our alliance partner.’ But now this new situation is developing with a rider, BJP is not keen on having Shiva Sena on board.
The alliance with NCP is a risky game. They are known to change the loyalties before you say ‘presto’. Wisdom and Logic advocate that Sena, as an alliance partner, would be better in the long run as compared to the NCP’s outside support. But BJP said to Sena,‘Dear me, I can run this orchestra without you but anymore‘Aa loat ke aaja merey meet, tujhey merey geet bulatey hain.’

Sena-BJP ties have hit a new low in the wake of a spat over the first Cabinet expansion at the Centre and failure to accommodate the Sena in the Maharashtra government in Mumbai. Sena MP Anil Desai not taking oath as Union Minister on Sunday and the induction of Suresh Prabhu, who had been in the Shiv Sena as Cabinet Minister, had added to the growing chasm between the friends-turned-foes. The simmering tension between them came to a boil yesterday as Desai left for Mumbai from Delhi airport without attending the swearing-in ceremony. Desai had returned to Mumbai on orders of Sena supremo Uddhav Thackeray whose party accused Prime Minister Narendra Modi as also the BJP of a host of broken promises and heaping “humiliation after humiliation” on it.
There is no end scene in politics. The drama is still running with snakes, ladders and mouse-traps.

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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RSS, Pandit Nehru and Muslims

RSS does it again: “Godse was much better than Nehru — he pulled the trigger on Gandhiji’s chest after a respectful bow. But Nehru stabbed him from behind and greeted him from front.’ It is from the horse’s mouth. ‘Kesari’, the Malayalam mouthpiece of the RSS that suggested that Nathuram Godse, instead of assassinating Gandhi, should have targeted Jawaharlal Nehru as he was responsible for Partition and never had any genuine attachment with the Father of the Nation. “Nehru’s selfish politics was behind all national tragedies, including Partition and Gandhi’s assassination. After an honest evaluation of Nathuram Godse’s arguments and historical documents related to Partition, if history students feel Godse aimed the wrong target, they cannot be blamed. Nehru was solely responsible for Partition of the country.” The article is written by B Gopalakrishnan who was the BJP candidate in Chalakudy in the recent Lok Sabha election. He had lost.
There were times when RSS shakhas Gandhi was cursed for favoring Nehru – a lot of unprintable would be expended to denigrate the Father of the Nation. It seems a show of Achche Din for Bapu is the need of the hour, at least a respite, for another strategic onslaught design at the Nagpur Board. Now the hit is direct to decimate the remnants of Congress. Nehru is the target. He is dead. The legacy of Nehru is still strong. His legatees are weak.
The ‘Kesari’ says – “Nehru, whose ambition was to become a world leader, was closer to (Winston) Churchill, (Franklin D) Roosevelt and Chiang Kai-shek than he was to Gandhi. Nehru was always a selfish man and a hypocrite. He did not want anyone above him in the Congress. But Gandhiji’s popularity and his influence had made him jealous of Gandhi. Nehru was never a disciple of Gandhi. Nehru was the favorite of the British and the history was written in such a way that he was glorified. It’s time to rewrite this history and demolish some false idols. We will approach the government to rewrite the history and expose them. What Nehru wanted was Gandhiji’s cap and his khadi clothes. Nehru and his family had snatched his attires. Godse was much better than Nehru — he pulled the trigger on Gandhiji’s chest after a respectful bow. But Nehru stabbed him from behind and greeted him from front.”
In one of my article in ‘India Opine’ recently I’d given every elaborate details of Nathuram Godse affiliation to RSS. Reader can refer it to corroborate. However, the article of B Gopalkeishan claims that Godse was not an RSS member, but a follower of the radical Savarkar group of the Hindu Mahasabha. By falsely blaming the RSS, Nehru had killed “two birds with one stone” — prevented Saradar Patel from becoming a leader above him and managed to ban the RSS through Patel.”
The article argues that Nehru clinically eliminated Gandhi, keeping him out of the last round of talks with the British, leading up to Partition and independence, to serve his selfish ends.

It is two-track politics, double-speak and changing of colors like chameleon. From the pulpit, one imposter spews venom against Nehru Family, from the foyer another one puts a softer and benign posture. Play with the hare, hunt with the hound. The country wondered when only recently Prime Minister Narendra Modi had reconstituted the committee to celebrate Nehru’s 125th anniversary, dropping many UPA appointees but retaining Suman Dubey, a former journalist and family friend of the Nehru-Gandhis. Narendra Modi, as an ex officio head of the reconstituted 30-member committee, would oversee yearlong celebrations starting November 14. It is significant that Mrs. Sonia Gandhi had resigned from the committee after the election results in May.

We have Mr Jekyl and Mr Hyde syndrome haunting the nation. RSS keeps reminding its loyal vote bank that its planks and shibboleth are unchanged. The latest article is an incontrovertible proof of that. Nehru was secular and had a sympathetic corner for minorities. He had contained and cornered the RSS ideology. He was the bête noire of RSS.

The last Lok Sabha elections added a new chapter for the students of Political Science. He can learn how the spin and hyperbole could overwhelm the realities on the ground. The state of Gujarat was never ‘numero ono’ in prosperity and most of the important parameters. Still, in the public perception, it was made to believe so. It was portrayed as if the achievements transgressed caste, class, religion and region while the counter evidence were suggesting a skew in that stilted model of development. In the glare of media, voter behaved like a deer that suddenly jumps before the search light.

Development Story of Gujarat was an insidious cover to fulfill the RSS dream. For many hapless Muslims of Gujarat, it was reconciliation to fact that life in past-riots ghettos is a permanent reality of Gujarat where segregation is assumed to be normal. No one remembered that the plank of Development involves human dignity also. The sprite of GDP is not the last goal post.
In a ruse to placate the resentment brewing against a controversial article in RSS mouthpiece ‘Kesari’ RSS Nagpur has come out stating that the organisation has got nothing to do with the views expressed in the controversial article. Home Minister Ramesh Chennithala has already directed DGP K S Balasubramanian to probe into the issue and take action, if necessary, on a complaint filed by KPCC general secretary Sooranad Rajasekharan. RSS leadership has come out condemning the views expressed in the article published in ‘Kesari.’ ‘‘We always disapproved any thought or act of violence,’’ Dr Manmohan Vaidya, RSS Akhila Bharatheeya prachar pramukh, said in a tweet. ‘’RSS has nothing to do with the views expressed in the controversial article written by B Gopalakrishnan which appeared in Malayalam weekly Kesari.’’
The RSS targets Congress, Nehru and Nehru family just because they were considered friendly or to harbor a softer corner for the minorities of India, especially Muslims.
Take it or leave it!

Naim Naqvi

Naim Naqvi

Did his graduation in Science discipline from AMU in 1972-73. He was Secretary of University Ali Society in 1970 and M.M. Hall Literary Society in early 70 's and member of Tayyabji Literary Society. Did his Diploma in Bakery Administration from HTT College Oxford Street London in 1987. Worked with National Herald - Delhi, Blitz - Bombay as Trainee Journalist and in Production Department with 'Naya Sansar Pictures' of Khwaja Ahmed Abbas at Bombay in early 70's. Traveled for study and training purposes to Germany, U.K., Switzerland, France, Dubai, Oman, AbuDhabi, Bahrain and Philepines.

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